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Yu-hang Xia


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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2016 Vol.17 No.5 P.479-488


Carbon emission impact on the operation of virtual power plant with combined heat and power system

Author(s):  Yu-hang Xia, Jun-yong Liu, Zheng-wen Huang, Xu Zhang

Affiliation(s):  School of Electrical Engineering and Information, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   scxyh@foxmail.com

Key Words:  Virtual power plant (VPP), Carbon emissions, Electric boiler, Wind power, Combined heat and power (CHP)

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Yu-hang Xia, Jun-yong Liu, Zheng-wen Huang, Xu Zhang. Carbon emission impact on the operation of virtual power plant with combined heat and power system[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2016, 17(5): 479-488.

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A virtual power plant (VPP) can realize the aggregation of distributed generation in a certain region, and represent distributed generation to participate in the power market of the main grid. With the expansion of VPPs and ever-growing heat demand of consumers, managing the effect of fluctuations in the amount of available renewable resources on the operation of VPPs and maintaining an economical supply of electric power and heat energy to users have been important issues. This paper proposes the allocation of an electric boiler to realize wind power directly converted for supplying heat, which can not only overcome the limitation of heat output from a combined heat and power (CHP) unit, but also reduce carbon emissions from a VPP. After the electric boiler is considered in the VPP operation model of the combined heat and power system, a multi-objective model is built, which includes the costs of carbon emissions, total operation of the VPP and the electricity traded between the VPP and the main grid. The model is solved by the CPLEX package using the fuzzy membership function in Matlab, and a case study is presented. The power output of each unit in the case study is analyzed under four scenarios. The results show that after carbon emission is taken into account, the output of low carbon units is significantly increased, and the allocation of an electric boiler can facilitate the maximum absorption of renewable energy, which also reduces carbon emissions from the VPP.

The authors describe in the paper how to operate a VPP (Heat and power) taking into account also the minimizing of CO2 emission. The VPP concept is originally used any for smoothing of electric power generation so the idea of combining the heat and power generation in a VPP and optimising the operation concerning the CO2 emission is quite new.




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