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CLC number: TP242

On-line Access: 2017-12-04

Received: 2016-06-09

Revision Accepted: 2016-10-30

Crosschecked: 2017-10-29

Cited: 0

Clicked: 1743

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Roger Bostelman

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8605-

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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2017 Vol.18 No.10 P.1447-1457

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.1601316


Cross-industry standard test method developments: from manufacturing to wearable robots


Author(s):  Roger Bostelman, Elena Messina, Sebti Foufou

Affiliation(s):  National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA; more

Corresponding email(s):   roger.bostelman@nist.gov

Key Words:  Wearable robot, Exoskeleton, Cross-industry, Artifact, Standards, Grasping


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Roger Bostelman, Elena Messina, Sebti Foufou. Cross-industry standard test method developments: from manufacturing to wearable robots[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2017, 18(10): 1447-1457.

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Abstract: 
Manufacturing robotics is moving towards human-robot collaboration with light duty robots being used side by side with workers. Similarly, exoskeletons that are both passive (spring and counterbalance forces) and active (motor forces) are worn by humans and used to move body parts. exoskeletons are also called ‘wearable robots’ when they are actively controlled using a computer and integrated sensing. Safety standards now allow, through risk assessment, both manufacturing and wearable robots to be used. However, performance standards for both systems are still lacking. Ongoing research to develop standard test methods to assess the performance of manufacturing robots and emergency response robots can inspire similar test methods for exoskeletons. This paper describes recent research on performance standards for manufacturing robots as well as search and rescue robots. It also discusses how the performance of wearable robots could benefit from using the same test methods.

跨行业标准测试方法进展:从制造机器人到可穿戴机器人

概要:制造机器人正朝着轻型机器人的人机协作方向发展。类似地,被动式(弹簧和平衡制动)和主动式(电机制动)外骨骼也可用于人类穿戴并移动身体部位。被计算机和集成传感器控制的外骨骼也被称作"可穿戴机器人"。通过风险评估,符合安全标准的制造机器人和可穿戴机器人现已允许人类使用。然而,两种系统都缺少其性能标准。可穿戴机器人性能标准测试方法可以从目前针对制造机器人和紧急响应机器人的类似性能标准测试方法的研究中得到启发。本文对制造机器人和搜救机器人性能测试的最新研究进行了介绍,同时讨论了如何利用相同测试方法更好地获得可穿戴机器人的性能。

关键词:可穿戴机器人;外骨骼;跨行业;人工制品;标准;抓取

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