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CLC number: TP391

On-line Access: 2017-01-20

Received: 2016-12-12

Revision Accepted: 2016-12-26

Crosschecked: 2016-12-26

Cited: 2

Clicked: 5381

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Yong-hong Tian

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2978-5935

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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2017 Vol.18 No.1 P.58-67

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.1601804


Towards human-like and transhuman perception in AI 2.0: a review


Author(s):  Yong-hong Tian, Xi-lin Chen, Hong-kai Xiong, Hong-liang Li, Li-rong Dai, Jing Chen, Jun-liang Xing, Jing Chen, Xi-hong Wu, Wei-min Hu, Yu Hu, Tie-jun Huang, Wen Gao

Affiliation(s):  School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yhtian@pku.edu.cn, tjhuang@pku.edu.cn

Key Words:  Intelligent perception, Active vision, Auditory perception, Speech perception, Autonomous learning


Yong-hong Tian, Xi-lin Chen, Hong-kai Xiong, Hong-liang Li, Li-rong Dai, Jing Chen, Jun-liang Xing, Jing Chen, Xi-hong Wu, Wei-min Hu, Yu Hu, Tie-jun Huang, Wen Gao. Towards human-like and transhuman perception in AI 2.0: a review[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2017, 18(1): 58-67.

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Abstract: 
Perception is the interaction interface between an intelligent system and the real world. Without sophisticated and flexible perceptual capabilities, it is impossible to create advanced artificial intelligence (AI) systems. For the next-generation AI, called ‘AI 2.0’, one of the most significant features will be that AI is empowered with intelligent perceptual capabilities, which can simulate human brain’s mechanisms and are likely to surpass human brain in terms of performance. In this paper, we briefly review the state-of-the-art advances across different areas of perception, including visual perception, auditory perception, speech perception, and perceptual information processing and learning engines. On this basis, we envision several R&D trends in intelligent perception for the forthcoming era of AI 2.0, including: (1) human-like and transhuman active vision; (2) auditory perception and computation in an actual auditory setting; (3) speech perception and computation in a natural interaction setting; (4) autonomous learning of perceptual information; (5) large-scale perceptual information processing and learning platforms; and (6) urban omnidirectional intelligent perception and reasoning engines. We believe these research directions should be highlighted in the future plans for AI 2.0.

AI2.0时代的类人与超人感知:研究综述与趋势展望

概要:感知是智能系统与现实世界的交互界面。如果没有复杂而灵活的感知能力,就不可能创造出高级的人工智能(Artificial intelligence, AI)系统。最近,潘云鹤院士提出了AI2.0的概念,其最重要的特征就是未来的AI系统应拥有类人甚至超人的智能感知能力。本文简要回顾了不同智能感知领域的研究现状,包括视觉感知、听觉感知、言语感知、感知信息处理与学习引擎等方面。在此基础上,论文对即将到来的AI 2.0时代智能感知领域需要大力研究发展的重点方向进行了展望,包括:(1)类人和超人的主动视觉;(2)自然声学场景的听知觉感知;(3)自然交互环境的言语感知及计算;(4)面向媒体感知的自主学习;(5)大规模感知信息处理与学习引擎;(6)城市全维度智能感知推理引擎。这些研究方向应在未来AI2.0的研究规划中进行重点布局。

关键词:智能感知;主动视觉;听觉感知;言语感知;自主学习

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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