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CLC number: TP393

On-line Access: 2019-10-08

Received: 2017-12-18

Revision Accepted: 2018-07-02

Crosschecked: 2019-06-11

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Hossein Hadadian Nejad Yousefi

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2076-4927

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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2019 Vol.20 No.9 P.1266-1276

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.1700855


Multi-level cross-layer protocol for end-to-end delay provisioning in wireless multimedia sensor networks


Author(s):  Hossein Hadadian Nejad Yousefi, Yousef Seifi Kavian, Alimorad Mahmoudi

Affiliation(s):  Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz 6135783151, Iran

Corresponding email(s):   y.s.kavian@scu.ac.ir

Key Words:  Wireless multimedia sensor networks, Cross layering, Time to live, End-to-end delay, Quality of service


Hossein Hadadian Nejad Yousefi, Yousef Seifi Kavian, Alimorad Mahmoudi. Multi-level cross-layer protocol for end-to-end delay provisioning in wireless multimedia sensor networks[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2019, 20(9): 1266-1276.

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Abstract: 
Rapid developments in information and communication technology in recent years have posed a significant challenge in wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs). end-to-end delay and reliability are the critical issues in multimedia applications of sensor networks. In this paper we provide a new cross-layer approach for provisioning the end-to-end delay of the network at a desirable level of the packet delivery ratio (PDR), used here as a measure of network reliability. In the proposed multi-level cross-layer (MLCL) protocol, the number of hops away from the sink is used to set a level for each node. A packet is routed through the path with the minimum hop count to the sink using this level setting. The proposed protocol uses cross-layer properties between the network and medium access control (MAC) layers to estimate the minimum delay, with which a node can deliver a packet to the sink. When a node wants to send a packet, the MLCL protocol compares this minimum delay with the time to live (TTL) of a packet. If the TTL of the packet is higher than the minimum delay, the node sends the packet through the path with the minimum delay; otherwise, the node drops the packet as the node cannot deliver it to the sink within the TTL duration. This packet dropping improves network performance because the node can send a useful packet instead of an unusable packet. The results show a superior performance in terms of end-to-end delay and reliability for the proposed protocol compared to state-of-the-art protocols.

无线多媒体传感器网络中端对端时延资源调配的多层次跨层协议

摘要:近年来信息和通信技术的讯速发展让无线多媒体传感器网络(WMSNs)面临重要挑战。在传感器网络多媒体应用中,端对端时延和可靠性是关键问题。本文提出一种新的跨层方法,使得网络端对端时延可以确保理想的数据包分组传送率(PDR),此处PDR被用来度量网络可靠性。在提出的多层次跨层(MLCL)协议中,利用远离接收器的跃点数设置每个节点级别。数据包通过以该级别设置的到接收器的最小越点数路径发送。该协议利用网络和多址接入协议(MAC)层之间跨层特性估计最小时延,在该时延下节点能够将数据包传送给接收器。当节点想要发送一个数据包时,MLCL协议会将最小时延与数据包存活时间(TTL)作比较。如果该数据包存活时间大于最小时延,节点通过最小时延路径发送数据包。否则,由于节点不能在TTL内将数据包发送至接收器而丢弃数据包。该数据包的丢弃能够提高网络性能,因为节点能够发送有用数据包以取代无用数据包。结果表明,与当前最先进协议相比,所提协议在端对端时延和可靠性方面表现出优越性能。

关键词:无线多媒体传感器网络;跨层;存活时间;端对端时延;服务质量

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