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Received: 2004-07-22

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2005 Vol.6 No.8 P.805~812


Correlation of liquefaction resistance with shear wave velocity based on laboratory study using bender element

Author(s):  ZHOU Yan-guo, CHEN Yun-min, KE Han

Affiliation(s):  Department of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   qzking@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Liquefaction resistance, Shear wave velocity, Sand, Cyclic triaxial test, Laboratory correlation, Bender element

ZHOU Yan-guo, CHEN Yun-min, KE Han. Correlation of liquefaction resistance with shear wave velocity based on laboratory study using bender element[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2005, 6(8): 805~812.

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author="ZHOU Yan-guo, CHEN Yun-min, KE Han",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%A ZHOU Yan-guo
%A CHEN Yun-min
%A KE Han
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%P 805~812
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%D 2005
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2005.A0805

T1 - Correlation of liquefaction resistance with shear wave velocity based on laboratory study using bender element
A1 - ZHOU Yan-guo
A1 - CHEN Yun-min
A1 - KE Han
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 6
IS - 8
SP - 805
EP - 812
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2005
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2005.A0805

Recent studies using field case history data yielded new criteria for evaluating liquefaction potential in saturated granular deposits based on in situ, stress-corrected shear wave velocity. However, the conditions of relatively insufficient case histories and limited site conditions in this approach call for additional data to more reliably define liquefaction resistance as a function of shear wave velocity. In this study, a series of undrained cyclic triaxial tests were conducted on saturated sand with shear wave velocity Vs measured by bender element. By normalizing the data with respect to minimum void ratio, the test results, incorporated with previously published laboratory data, statistically revealed good correlation of cyclic shear strength with small-strain shear modulus for sandy soils, which is almost irrespective of soil types and confining pressures. The consequently determined cyclic resistance ratio, CRR, was found to be approximately proportional to Vs4. liquefaction resistance boundary curves were established by applying this relationship and compared to liquefaction criteria derived from seismic field measurements. Although in the range of Vs1>200 m/s the presented curves are moderately conservative, they are remarkably consistent with the published field performance criteria on the whole.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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