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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2005 Vol.6 No.1 P.28~32


Effects of β-Aescin on the expression of nuclear factor-κB and tumor necrosis factor-α after traumatic brain injury in rats

Author(s):  XIAO Guo-min, WEI Jing

Affiliation(s):  Department of Neurosurgery, Hangzhou Second Hospital, Hangzhou 310015, China

Corresponding email(s):   xgm@zjedu.org

Key Words:  Brain injuries, &beta, -Aescin, Nuclear factor-&kappa, B, Tumor necrosis factor-&alpha

XIAO Guo-min, WEI Jing. Effects of β-Aescin on the expression of nuclear factor-κB and tumor necrosis factor-α after traumatic brain injury in rats[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2005, 6(1): 28~32.

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author="XIAO Guo-min, WEI Jing",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
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%T Effects of β-Aescin on the expression of nuclear factor-κB and tumor necrosis factor-α after traumatic brain injury in rats
%A XIAO Guo-min
%A WEI Jing
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0028

T1 - Effects of β-Aescin on the expression of nuclear factor-κB and tumor necrosis factor-α after traumatic brain injury in rats
A1 - XIAO Guo-min
A1 - WEI Jing
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 6
IS - 1
SP - 28
EP - 32
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2005
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0028

To investigate the inhibiting effect of beta%29&ck%5b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>&beta;b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>-Aescin on b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>nuclear factor-&kappa;b (NF-κb) activation and the expression of tumor necrosis factor-&alpha; (TNF-α) protein after traumatic brain injury (TbI) in the rat brain, 62 SD rats were subjected to lateral cortical impact injury caused by a free-falling object and divided randomly into four groups: (1) sham operated (Group A); (2) injured (Group b); (3) beta%29&ck%5b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>&beta;b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>-Aescin treatment (Group C); (4) pyrrolidine dithocarbamate (PDTC) treatment (Group D). beta%29&ck%5b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>&beta;b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>-Aescin was administered in Group C and PDTC treated in Group D immediately after injury. A series of brain samples were obtained directly 6 h, 24 h and 3 d respectively after trauma in four groups. NF-κb activation was examined by Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA); the levels of TNF-α protein were measured by radio-immunoassay (RIA); the water content of rat brain was measured and pathomorphological observation was carried out. NF-κb activation, the levels of TNF-α protein and the water content of rat brain were significantly increased (P<0.01) following TbI in rats. Compared with Group b, NF-κb activation (P<0.01), the levels of TNF-α protein (P<0.01) and the water content of brain (P<0.05) began to decrease obviously after injury in Groups C and D. beta%29&ck%5b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>&beta;b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>-Aescin could dramatically inhibit NF-κb activation and the expression of TNF-α protein in the rat brain, alleviate rat brain edema, and that could partially be the molecular mechanism by which beta%29&ck%5b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>&beta;b%5D=abstract&ck%5b%5D=keyword'>b>-Aescin attenuates traumatic brain edema.

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