Full Text:   <1406>

CLC number: S511

On-line Access: 

Received: 2004-08-19

Revision Accepted: 2005-01-23

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 12

Clicked: 4466

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2005 Vol.6 No.5 P.389~395

10.1631/jzus.2005.B0389


Effect of seedling age and water depth on morphological and physiological aspects of transplanted rice under high temperature


Author(s):  KHAKWANI Abdul Aziz, SHIRAISHI Masaaki, ZUBAIR Muhammad, BALOCH Mohammad Safdar, NAVEED Khalid, AWAN Inayatullah

Affiliation(s):  Agricultural Research Institute, Dera Ismail Khan, NWFP, Pakistan; more

Corresponding email(s):   dikhan2000@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Rice, High temperature, Seedling age, Water depth


KHAKWANI Abdul Aziz, SHIRAISHI Masaaki, ZUBAIR Muhammad, BALOCH Mohammad Safdar, NAVEED Khalid, AWAN Inayatullah. Effect of seedling age and water depth on morphological and physiological aspects of transplanted rice under high temperature[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2005, 6(5): 389~395.

@article{title="Effect of seedling age and water depth on morphological and physiological aspects of transplanted rice under high temperature",
author="KHAKWANI Abdul Aziz, SHIRAISHI Masaaki, ZUBAIR Muhammad, BALOCH Mohammad Safdar, NAVEED Khalid, AWAN Inayatullah",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="6",
number="5",
pages="389~395",
year="2005",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.2005.B0389"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of seedling age and water depth on morphological and physiological aspects of transplanted rice under high temperature
%A KHAKWANI Abdul Aziz
%A SHIRAISHI Masaaki
%A ZUBAIR Muhammad
%A BALOCH Mohammad Safdar
%A NAVEED Khalid
%A AWAN Inayatullah
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 6
%N 5
%P 389~395
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2005
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0389

TY - JOUR
T1 - Effect of seedling age and water depth on morphological and physiological aspects of transplanted rice under high temperature
A1 - KHAKWANI Abdul Aziz
A1 - SHIRAISHI Masaaki
A1 - ZUBAIR Muhammad
A1 - BALOCH Mohammad Safdar
A1 - NAVEED Khalid
A1 - AWAN Inayatullah
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 6
IS - 5
SP - 389
EP - 395
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2005
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0389


Abstract: 
To study the effect of high temperature, rice seedlings 20, 30, 40 and 50 d were kept at 5, 10, 15 and 20 cm water depth in a water pool. Meteorological findings indicated that water temperature varied up to 10 cm but became stable below this depth. Deep water inflicted higher tiller mortality, minimal increase in dry weight of aerial parts and leaf area, decrease in root length, and decrease in root dry weight especially at 20 cm water depth and produced an unbalanced T/R ratio (top versus root dry weight). However, deep water tended to increase plant length. These parameters, however, excel in shallow water. Older seedlings, with the exception of root dry weight, could not perform well compared to young seedlings in all physiological and morphological aspects. The study revealed that seedlings, particularly young ones, stand well in shallow water and can cope with high temperature.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1] Adak, M.K., Gupta, D.K.D., 2002. Metabolic activities in some rice varieties under submergence stress. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 6(3):312-316.

[2] De Datta, S.K., 1981. Principles and Practices of Rice Production. International Rice Research Institute, John Willy & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.

[3] Gun, W.J., 1999. Tillering, lodging and yield under deep water treatment in direct seeded rice. Plant Production Science, 2(3):200-205.

[4] Hoshikawa, K., 1975. Growth of Rice. Nouson Gyoson Bunka Kyoukai Co., Noubunkyo, p.90-91 (in Japanese).

[5] Kanzaki, M., Toriu, K., Oishi, H., Shirakawa, N., 2001. Factors influencing the phytotoxicity of cafenstroile to transplanted rice plants in paddy field. Journal of Weed Science and Technology, 46(3):169-174.

[6] Lal, M., Roy, R.K., 1996. Effect of nursery seeding densities and fertilizer on seedling growth and yield of rice (Oryza Sativa L.). Indian journal of Agronomy, 41(4):642-644.

[7] Matsushima, S., Tanaka, T., Hoshino, T., 1968. Combined Effect of Air Temperatures and Water Temperatures at Different Stages of Growth on the Grain Yield and Its Components of Lowland Rice. National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Konosu, Saitama, Japan, p.57-58.

[8] Morita, S., Shiratsuchi, H., Takansh, J., Fujita, K., 2002. Effect of high temperature on ripening in rice plants. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 71(1):102-109.

[9] Nishiki, T., 1987. Stable and High Yielding Techniques. Bull Yamagata Agric. Exp. Station, Yamagata, Japan, p.33-34.

[10] Ogasawara, M., Nozaki, T., Takeuchi, Y., Konnai, M., 1998. Influenec of environmental factors in the development of root systems in young seedlings of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and barnyard grass (Echinochloa Crus-galli L.), (Beauvar Crus-galli). Journal of Weed Science and Technology, 43(4):328-333.

[11] Ohe, M., Mimoto, H., 1999. Changes in dry matter production of Japonica-type paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) due to deep water treatment. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 68(4):482-486.

[12] Padalia, C.R., 1980. Effect of age of seedling on the growth and yield of transplanted rice. Oryza, 81:165-167.

[13] Purba, D., 1993. Effect of Deep Water on Tiller and Yield of Rice. Report of Experiments. TIATC (JICA), Tsukuba, Japan, p.61-74.

[14] Quayyum, H.A., Gomosta, A.R., Hoque, M.Z., 1981. Effect of seedling age on total plant elongation and internode elongation of deep water rice. International Rice Research Newsletter, 6(5):9-10.

[15] Sinha, S.K., 2002. Tiller phonology and grain yield of low land rice (Oryza sativa) varieties under different water depth. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 72(5):285-287.

[16] Sugai, K., Goto, Y., Saito, M., Nakamura, S., Kato, T., Nishiyama, I., 1998. Changes in leaf colour of rice during ripening stage in water storage type deep irrigation method. Tohoku-Journal of Crop Science, 41:29-39.

[17] Thanomthin, C., Zada, A., Said, A., 2002. Effect of high temperature at heading stage on growth and yield of four rice varieties. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 18(3):291-294.

[18] Williams, R.L., Angus, J.F., 1994. Deep floodwater protects high nitrogen rice crops from low temperature damage. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 34(7):927-932.

[19] Zakria, S., Matsuda, T., Tajima, S., Nitta, Y., 2002. Effect of high temperature at ripening stage on the reserve accumulation in seed in some rice cultivars. Plant Production Science, 5(2):160-168.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE