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CLC number: TU34

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Received: 2006-03-20

Revision Accepted: 2006-07-07

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.11 P.1870~1877

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.A1870


Studies on solar flat plate collector evaporation systems for tannery effluent (soak liquor)


Author(s):  SRITHAR K., MANI A.

Affiliation(s):  Department of Mechanical Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai 625015, India; more

Corresponding email(s):   ponsathya@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Boundary layer, Solar flat plate collector, Fibre-reinforced plastic flat plate collector, Open flat plate collector, Tannery effluent treatment, Pollution


SRITHAR K., MANI A.. Studies on solar flat plate collector evaporation systems for tannery effluent (soak liquor)[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(11): 1870~1877.

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T1 - Studies on solar flat plate collector evaporation systems for tannery effluent (soak liquor)
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.A1870


Abstract: 
Heat and mass transfer analysis of an incompressible, laminar boundary layer over solar flat plate collector evaporation systems for tannery effluent (soak liquor) is investigated. The governing equations are solved for various liquid to air velocity ratios. Profiles of velocity, temperature and concentration as well as their gradients are presented. The heat transfer and mass transfer coefficients thus obtained are used to evaluate mass of water evaporated for an inclined fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) solar flat plate collector (FPC) with and without cover. Comparison of these results with the experimental performance shows encouraging trend of good agreement between them.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

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[4] Gandhidasan, P., 1978. Investigations of Heat and Mass Transfer Processes in a Solar Regenerator. Ph.D Thesis, IIT-Madras, Chennai.

[5] Gandhidasan, P., 1983. A simple analysis of an open regeneration system. Solar Energy, 31(3):343-345.

[6] Gandhidasan, P., 1995. Closed type solar regenerator: Analysis and simulation. Journal of Energy Resource Technology, 117:58-61.

[7] Kakabaev, A., Golaev, M., 1971. Glazed flat surface as a solution regenerator for use in an absorption solar cooling system. Geliotekhnika, 7(4):44-49.

[8] Kays, W.M., Crawford, M.E., 1983. Convective Heat and Mass Transfer. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishers, India.

[9] Mani, A., Srinivasa Murthy, S., 1993. Solar Evaporation Ponds for Tannery Effluent Treatment. A Technical Report, TALCO Ltd., Chennai, India.

[10] Mani, A., Srinivasa Murthy, S., 1994. Analysis of an open type flat plate collector for tannery effluent treatment. Energy Conversion and Management, 35(12):1061-1071.

[11] Mani, A., Venkatesh, A., Sriramulu, V., 1991. Theoretical and experimental investigation of generators in a two stage solar refrigerator. Energy, 16(3):675-683.

[12] Schilichting, H., 1979. Boundary Layer Theory. McGraw-Hill Publishers, New York.

[13] Srithar, K., Mani, A., 2003. Comparison between simulated and experimental performance of an open solar flat plate collector for treating tannery effluent. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 30(4):505-514.

[14] Srithar, K., Mani, A., 2004. Analysis of a single cover FRP flat plate collector for treating tannery effluent. Applied Thermal Engineering, 24(5-6):873-883.

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