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Received: 2005-12-09

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.100 P.106~111


Adaptive progressive download based on the MPEG-4 file format

Author(s):  Fä,rber Nikolaus, Dö,hla Stefan, Issing Jochen

Affiliation(s):  Multimedia Transport, Dept. Audio, Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS, Erlangen 91058, Germany

Corresponding email(s):   fae@iis.fraunhofer.de, dla@iis.fraunhofer.de, iss@iis.fraunhofer.de

Key Words:  HTTP-streaming, Adaptive progressive download, MPEG-4 file format (MP4), Moov box

Färber Nikolaus, Döhla Stefan, Issing Jochen. Adaptive progressive download based on the MPEG-4 file format[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(100): 106~111.

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In this paper we describe how progressive download and adaptive streaming can be combined into a simple and efficient streaming framework. Based on the MPEG-4 file format (MP4) we use HTTP for transport and argue that these two components are sufficient for specifying an open streaming architecture. The client selects appropriate chunks from the MP4 file to be transferred based on (1) the header information (i.e. the “moov” box) in the first part of the file and (2) his observation of network throughput. The framework is completely client driven which allows for better server scalability and reduces signalling overhead. We discuss architecture and implementation issues such as complexity, interoperability and scalability and compare to 3GPP PSS Rel-6 adaptive streaming when appropriate. Measurements from a simple MP4/HTTP streaming client are presented showing that appropriate chunks are selected such that increased reliability is achieved.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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[8] ITU-T Recommendation H.264, 2003. Advanced Video Coding for Generic Audiovisual Services.

[9] Ott, J., Wenger, S., Sato, N., et al., 2004. IETF Internet Draft: Extended RTP Profile for RTCP-based Feedback (RTP/AVPF). Http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-avt-rtcp-feedback-11.txt.

[10] RealNetworks, 2004. RealNetworks Production Guide. p.49-51.

[11] Schulzrinne, H., Rao, A., Lanphier, R., 1998. IETF RFC 2326: Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP).

[12] Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., Jacobson, V., 2003. IETF RFC 3550: RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications.

[13] Wang, B., Kurose, J., Shenoy, P., Towsley, D., 2004. Multimedia Streaming via TCP: An Analytic Performance Study. Proceedings of ACM Multimedia (Multimedia 2004). New York.

[14] Wenger, S., Hannuksela, M.M., Stockhammer, T., et al., 2005. IETF RFC 3984: RTP Payload Format for H.264 Video.

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