Full Text:   <1636>

CLC number: Q96

On-line Access: 

Received: 2005-09-16

Revision Accepted: 2005-10-04

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 29

Clicked: 3648

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2006 Vol.7 No.1 P.51~55


Nutritional quality, functional properties and anti-nutrient compositions of the larva of Cirina forda (Westwood) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)

Author(s):  Omotoso O.T.

Affiliation(s):  Department of Zoology, University of Ado-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria

Corresponding email(s):   topeomoth@yahoo.co.uk, tomuyeomoth@yahoo.co.uk

Key Words:  Cirina forda, Anti-nutrients, Protein solubility, Mineral analysis, Proximate composition

Omotoso O.T.. Nutritional quality, functional properties and anti-nutrient compositions of the larva of Cirina forda (Westwood) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2006, 7(1): 51~55.

@article{title="Nutritional quality, functional properties and anti-nutrient compositions of the larva of Cirina forda (Westwood) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)",
author="Omotoso O.T.",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Nutritional quality, functional properties and anti-nutrient compositions of the larva of Cirina forda (Westwood) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)
%A Omotoso O.T.
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 7
%N 1
%P 51~55
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2006
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0051

T1 - Nutritional quality, functional properties and anti-nutrient compositions of the larva of Cirina forda (Westwood) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)
A1 - Omotoso O.T.
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 7
IS - 1
SP - 51
EP - 55
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2006
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0051

Determination of the proximate, nutritionally valuable minerals and anti-nutrient compositions in larvae of Cirina forda (W) showed that they contained high levels of protein, (55.50%±1.20%) with ash, moisture, fat, and carbohydrate levels being (10.26%±0.01%), (10.85%±0.38%), (4.68%±0.01%) and (18.70%±0.84%) respectively. Fibre was not detected. protein solubility was higher in alkaline media than in acidic media while the isoelectric points were pH 4, 6 and 9 indicating that C. forda may be useful in food formulations involving foods like meat products. Phosphorus had the highest value of (215.54±0.21) mg/100 g while manganese had the lowest value of (1.14±0.10) mg/100 g. Copper, Co, Pb, Cr and Ni were not available. Water absorption capacity was (300%±0.15%), oil absorption capacity was (358.44%±0.21%) and foaming stability was (3%±0.00%). The results of anti-nutritional analysis revealed that oxalate and phytic acid contents were (4.11±0.05) mg/100 g and (1.02±0.00) mg/100 g respectively and that these values fell within nutritionally accepted values. Tannin was not detected in C. forda. C. forda, a rich source of animal nutrients, usable in human diets and animal feeds formulations.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Adedire, C.O., Aiyesanmi, A.F., 1999. Proximate and mineral composition of the adult and immature forms of the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus (L.) (Acridoidea: Pygomorphidae). Bioscience Research Communications, 11:121-126.

[2] Adeyeye, E.I., Oshodi, A.A., Ipinmoroti, K.O., 1994. Functional properties of some varieties of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa L.) flour II. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, 45:115-126.

[3] Adeyeye, E.I., Ipinmoroti, K.O., Oguntokun, M.O., 2002. Chemical composition and functional properties of the African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) seeds. Pakistan Journal Science and Industrial Research, 45:29-33.

[4] Aiyesanmi, A.F., Oguntokun, M.O., 1996. Nutrient composition of Dioclea reflexa seed−an underutilized edible legume. Rivista Italiana delle Sostanze Grasse, 73:521-523.

[5] Ajakaiye, C.O., Bawo, A., 1990. Comparison of the chemical composition of Trinervitermes germinatus (Wasmann) with that of its feed. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 2:90-99.

[6] Akubor, P.I., Chukwu, J.K., 1999. Proximate composition and selected functional properties of fermented and unfermented African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla) seed flour. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 54:227-238.

[7] Aladesanmi, A., Oshodi, A.A., Ebun-Oluwa, O., 1997. Effect of salts on some of the functional properties of bovine plasma protein concentrate. Food Chemistry, 59:333-338.

[8] Anthonio, H.O., Isoun, M., 1982. Nigerian Cookbook, 1st Ed. Macmillan Press, London, p.172.

[9] AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemist), 1990. Official Methods of Analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th Ed. AOAC Press, Gaithersburg, USA.

[10] Ashiru, M.O., 1988. The food value of the larvae of Anaphe venata Butler (Lepidoptera: Notodonitidae). Ecology Food and Nutrition, 22:313-320.

[11] Beuchat, L.R., 1977. Functional and electrophoretic characteristics of succinylated peanut flour protein. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 25:258-261.

[12] Day, R.A., Underwood, A.L., 1986. Qualitative Analysis, 5th Ed. Prentice-Hall Publications, New Delhi, India, p.701.

[13] de Lumen, B.O., Becker, R., Reyes, P.S., 1986. Legumes and a cereal with high methionine/cystine contents. Journal of Agric. Food Chem., 34:361-364.

[14] Dunkei, F.V., 1996. Nutritional value of various insects per 100 grams. The Food Insect Newsletter, 9:1-8.

[15] Enujiugha, V.N., Olagundoye, T.V., 2001. Comparative nutritional characteristics of raw fermented and roasted African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth) seeds. Rivista Italiana delle Sostanze Grasse, 78:247-250.

[16] Enujiugha, V.N., Ayodele-Oni, O., 2003. Evaluation of nutrients and some anti-nutrients in lesser-known, underutilized oilseeds. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 38:1-4.

[17] Fasoranti, J.O., Ajiboye, D.O., 1993. Some edible insects of Kwara State, Nigeria. American Entomologist, 39:113-116.

[18] Goodman, W.G., 1989. Chitin: a magic bullet? The Food Insect Newsletter, 3:6-9.

[19] Kinsella, J.E., 1976. Functional properties of protein foods. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 1:219-229.

[20] Markkar, A.O.S., Goodchild, A.V., 1996. Quantification of Tannins. A Laboratory Manual. International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) Press, Aleppo, Syria, p.4-25.

[21] Mba, A.U., 1980. Chemical composition of some local sources of protein foods for man. Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Science, 1:142-147.

[22] Mwizenge, S.T., 1993. Delicious insects: seasonal delicacies in the diet of rural Zambians. World and I, 8:234.

[23] NRC (National Research Council), 1980. Recommended Dietary Allowances, 9th Ed. Nat. Acad. Sci., Washington DC.

[24] Oshodi, A.A., 1992. Proximate composition, nutritionally valuable minerals and functional properties of Adenopus breviflorus benth seed flour and protein concentrate. Food Chemistry, 45:79-83.

[25] Pearson, D., 1976. Chemical Analysis of Foods, 7th Ed. Churchill, Livingstone, London, p.7-11.

[26] Perutz, M.F., 1978. Electrostatic effects in proteins. Science, 201:1187-1189.

[27] Reddy, N.R., Balakrishnan, C.N., Salunkhe, D.K., 1978. Phytate, phosphorus and mineral changes during germination and cooking of black grain (Phaseolus mungo L.) seeds. Journal of Food Science, 43:540.

[28] Robert, K., 1989. The application of industrial technology for production of insects as food. The food Insect Newsletter, 3:3.

[29] Sathe, S.K., Salunkhe, D.K., 1981. Functional properties of the Great Northern Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) proteins: emulsion, foaming, viscosity and gelation properties. Journal of Food Science, 46:71-74.

[30] Sutton, M.Q., 1988. Insects as food: aboriginal entomophagy in the Great Basin. Anthropol. Papers, 33:115.

[31] Udoh, A.P., Effiong, R.I., Edem, D.O., 1985. Nutrient composition of dogwhelk (Thais cattifera), a protein source for humans. Tropical Science, 35:64-67.

[32] Vijayakumari, K., Siddhuraju, P., Janardhanan, K., 1997. Effect of domestic processing on the levels of certain antinutrients in Prosopis chilensis seeds (Molina) Stunz. Food Chemistry, 59:367-371.

[33] Wheeler, E.L., Ferrel, R.E., 1971. A method for phytic acid determination in wheat and wheat fractions. Cereal Chem., 48:312-320.

[34] Yasumatsu, K., Sawada, K., Moritaka, S., Misalei, M., Toda, J., Wada, T., Ishii, K., 1972. Whipping and emulsifying properties of soybean products. Agric. Biol. Chem., 36:719-727.

[35] Yoloye, V.L., 1988. Basic Invertebrate Zoology, 1st Ed. University of Ilorin Press, Ilorin, p.192.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE