Full Text:   <4246>

CLC number: TN92

On-line Access: 

Received: 2007-07-05

Revision Accepted: 2007-10-01

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 10

Clicked: 3487

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2007 Vol.8 No.12 P.1990~2004


Performance of beacon safety message dissemination in Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs)

Author(s):  YOUSEFI Saleh, FATHY Mahmood, BENSLIMANE Abderrahim

Affiliation(s):  Computer Engineering Faculty, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran 16846-13114, Tehran, Iran; more

Corresponding email(s):   syousefi@iust.ac.ir, mahfathy@iust.ac.ir, abderrahim.benslimane@univ-avignon.fr

Key Words:  Safety applications, Inter-vehicle communications, Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs), Application level QoS, Effective range

YOUSEFI Saleh, FATHY Mahmood, BENSLIMANE Abderrahim. Performance of beacon safety message dissemination in Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs)[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2007, 8(12): 1990~2004.

@article{title="Performance of beacon safety message dissemination in Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs)",
author="YOUSEFI Saleh, FATHY Mahmood, BENSLIMANE Abderrahim",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Performance of beacon safety message dissemination in Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs)
%A FATHY Mahmood
%A BENSLIMANE Abderrahim
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 8
%N 12
%P 1990~2004
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2007
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2007.A1990

T1 - Performance of beacon safety message dissemination in Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs)
A1 - YOUSEFI Saleh
A1 - FATHY Mahmood
A1 - BENSLIMANE Abderrahim
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 8
IS - 12
SP - 1990
EP - 2004
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2007
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2007.A1990

Currently, there is a growing belief that putting an IEEE 802.11-like radio into road vehicles can help the drivers to travel more safely. Message dissemination protocols are primordial for safety vehicular applications. There are two types of safety messages which may be exchanged between vehicles: alarm and beacon. In this paper we investigate the feasibility of deploying safety applications based on beacon message dissemination through extensive simulation study and pay special attention to the safety requirements. Vehicles are supposed to issue these messages periodically to announce to other vehicles their current situation and use received messages for preventing possible unsafe situations. We evaluate the performance of a single-hop dissemination protocol while taking into account the quality of service (QoS) metrics like delivery rate and delay. We realize that reliability is the main concern in beacon message dissemination. Thus, a new metric named effective range is defined which gives us more accurate facility for evaluating QoS in safety applications specifically. Then, in order to improve the performance, the effects of three parameters including vehicle’s transmission range, message transmission’s interval time and message payload size are studied. Due to special characteristics of the safety applications, we model the relationship between communication-level QoS and application-level QoS and evaluate them for different classes of safety applications. As a conclusion, the current technology of IEEE 802.11 MAC layer has still some challenges for automatic safety applications but it can provide acceptable QoS to driver assistance safety applications.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Adler, C., Eigner, R., Schroth, C., Strassberger, M., 2006. Context-adaptive Information Dissemination in VANETs —Maximizing the Global Benefit. Proc. 5th IASTED Int. Conf. on Communication Systems and Networks, p.7-12.

[2] Alshaer, H., Horlait, E., 2005. An Optimized Adaptive Broadcast Scheme for Inter-vehicle Communication. Proc. 61st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., p.2840-2844.

[3] Andrisano, O., Nakagawa, M., Verdone, R., 2000. Intelligent transportation systems: the role of third generation mobile radio networks. IEEE Commun. Mag., 38(9):144-151.

[4] Artimy, M.M., Robertson, W., Phillips, W., 2004. Connectivity in Inter-vehicle Ad Hoc Networks. Proc. Canadian Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, p.293-298.

[5] Behzad, A., Rubin, I., 2005. Impact of Power Control on the Performance of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. Proc. 24th Annual Joint Conf. of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM), p.102-113.

[6] Benslimane, A., 2004. Optimized dissemination of alarm messages in Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks (VANET). LNCS, 3079:655-666.

[7] Borgonovo, F., Capone, A., Cesana, M., Fratta, L., 2004. ADHOC MAC: new MAC architecture for ad hoc networks providing efficient and reliable point-to-point and broadcast services. Wireless Networks, 10:359-366.

[8] Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership (CAMP), 2004. Identify Intelligent Vehicle Safety Applications Enabled by DSRC. Vehicle Safety Communications Project, Task 3 Report, Public Document.

[9] Federal Communications Commission, 2004. FCC 03-324. FCC Report and Order, February.

[10] IEEE, 2004. IEEE Standard 802.11p. Draft Amendment: Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE). Draft 1.0.

[11] Kabarowski, J., Zagorski, F., 2005. Reliable Broadcasting without Collision Detection. Technical Report, DELIS: Dynamically Evolving, Large-scale Information Systems. Germany.

[12] Kawadia, V., Kumar, P.R., 2005. Principles and protocols for power control in wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun., 23(1):76-88.

[13] Korkmaz, G., Ekici, E., Özgüner, F., Özgüner, Ü., 2004. Urban Multi-Hop Broadcast Protocol for Inter-Vehicle Communication Systems. Proc. 1st ACM Int. Workshop on Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks, p.76-85.

[14] Li, X., Nguyen, T., Martin, R., 2004a. Analytic Model Predicting the Optimal Range for Maximizing 1-Hop Broadcast Coverage in Dense Wireless Networks. Proc. Int. Conf. of Ad-hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks, p.172-182.

[15] Li, X., Nguyen, T., Martin, R., 2004b. Using Adaptive Range Control to Maximize 1-Hop Broadcast Coverage in Dense Wireless Networks. Proc. 1st IEEE Int. Conf. on Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, p.397-405.

[16] Lipman, J., Boustead, P., Chicharo, J., 2004. Reliable Optimized Flooding in Ad Hoc Networks. Proc. IEEE 6th CAS Symp. on Emerging Technologies: Frontiers of Mobile and Wireless Communication, p.521-524.

[17] Lou, W., Wu, J., 2004. Double-Covered Broadcast (DCB): A Simple Reliable Broadcast Algorithm in MANETs. Proc. 23rd Annual Joint Conf. of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM), p.2084-2095.

[18] Mohsin, M., Cavin, D., Sasson, Y., Prakash, R., Schiper, A., 2006. Reliable Broadcast in Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Proc. 39th Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences, p.1-10.

[19] Morimoto, H., Koizumi, M., Inoue, H., Nitadori, K., 1999. AHS Road-to-Vehicle Communication System. Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Transportation Systems, p.327-334.

[20] Park, S., Palasdeokar, R.R., 2005. Reliable One-Hop Broadcasting (ROB) in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Proc. 2nd ACM Int. Workshop on Performance Evaluation of Wireless Ad Hoc, Sensor, and Ubiquitous Networks, p.234-237.

[21] Roess, R.P., Prassas, E.S., McShane, W.R., 2004. Traffic Engineering (3rd Ed.). Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

[22] Santi, P., 2005. Topology control in wireless ad hoc and sensor networks. ACM Computing Surveys, 37(2):164-194.

[23] Tobagi, F., Kleinrock, L., 1975. Packet switching in radio channels. Part II: The hidden terminal problem in carrier sense multiple-access modes and the busy-tone solution. IEEE Trans. on Commun., 23(12):1417-1433.

[24] Torrent-Moreno, M., Jiang, D., Hartenstein, H., 2004. Broadcast Reception Rates and Effects of Priority Access in 802.11-based Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks. Proc. 1st ACM Int. Workshop on Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks, p.10-18.

[25] Torrent-Moreno, M., Santi, P., Hartenstein, H., 2005. Fair Sharing of Bandwidth in VANETs. Proc. 2nd ACM Int. Workshop on Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks, p.49-58.

[26] Williams, B., Camp, T., 2002. Comparison of Broadcasting Techniques for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Proc. 3rd ACM Int. Symp. on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking & Computing, p.194-205.

[27] Wischhof, L., Ebner, A., Rohling, H., 2005. Information dissemination in self-organizing intervehicle networks. IEEE Trans. on Intell. Transp. Syst., 6(1):90-101.

[28] Wu, L., Varshney, P., 1999. Performance analysis of CSMA and BTMA protocols in multihop networks. Part 1: Single channel case. Inf. Sci., 120(1-4):159-177.

[29] Xu, Q., Mak, T., Ko, J., Sengupta, R., 2004. Vehicle-to-Vehicle Safety Messaging in DSRC. Proc. 1st ACM Int. Workshop on Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, p.19-28.

[30] Yousefi, S., Mahmoud, S.M., Fathy, M., 2006. Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs): Challenges and Perspectives. Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on ITS Telecommunications, p.761-766.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE