Full Text:   <1828>

CLC number: TP29

On-line Access: 

Received: 2007-09-26

Revision Accepted: 2008-03-10

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 3

Clicked: 3245

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2008 Vol.9 No.8 P.1083~1089


AS/RS based yard and yard planning

Author(s):  Ya-hong HU, Zheng-dong ZHU, Wen-jing HSU

Affiliation(s):  College of Information Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   huyahong@zjut.edu.cn

Key Words:  Container terminal, Automated storage/retrieval system (AS/RS), Yard planning, Transportation system

Ya-hong HU, Zheng-dong ZHU, Wen-jing HSU. AS/RS based yard and yard planning[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2008, 9(8): 1083~1089.

@article{title="AS/RS based yard and yard planning",
author="Ya-hong HU, Zheng-dong ZHU, Wen-jing HSU",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T AS/RS based yard and yard planning
%A Ya-hong HU
%A Zheng-dong ZHU
%A Wen-jing HSU
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 9
%N 8
%P 1083~1089
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A071522

T1 - AS/RS based yard and yard planning
A1 - Ya-hong HU
A1 - Zheng-dong ZHU
A1 - Wen-jing HSU
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 9
IS - 8
SP - 1083
EP - 1089
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A071522

In this paper, we apply the split-platform automated storage/retrieval systems (SP-AS/RSs) (Hu et al., 2005) to store containers in the yard to improve the yard performance and to increase the utilization of the yard space. The layout of an SP-AS/RS based yard is described in detail. To achieve an efficient operation, we present a novel yard space allocation policy called the ‘second-carrier-based allocation policy’, which can help to alleviate the out-of-sequence problem of containers and the congestion of vehicles at the AS/RS racks. Different allocation policies are compared by an integrated container terminal simulation system. The simulation results show that the second-carrier-based policy is very efficient and has the potential to offer high terminal performance.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Chen, T., 1999. Yard operations in the container terminal— unproductive moves. Marit. Policy Manag., 26(1):27-38.

[2] Chung, Y.G., Randhawa, S.U., Mcdowell, E.D., 1988. A simulation analysis for a transtainer-based container handling facility. Comput. Ind. Eng., 14(2):113-125.

[3] de Castilho, B., Daganzo, C.F., 1993. Handling strategies for import containers at marine terminal. Transp. Res. Part B: Methodol., 27(2):151-166.

[4] Fu, Z., Li, Y., Lim, A., Rodrigues, B., 2007. Port space allocation with a time dimension. J. Operat. Res. Soc., 58(6):797-807.

[5] Han, Y.B., Lee, L.H., Chew, E.P., Tan, K.C., 2008. A yard storage strategy for minimizing traffic congestion in a marine container transshipment hub. OR Spectr. [online]

[6] Ho, H.F., Chen, R.J., 2006. Design and Simulation of a Conceptual Automated Yard Using New Combination System. Proc. Int. Joint Conf. SICE-ICASE, South Korea, p.375-380.

[7] Hu, Y.H., Huang, S.Y., Chen, C.Y., Hsu, W.J., Toh, A.C., Loh, C.K., Song, T.C., 2005. Travel time analysis of a new Automated Storage and Retrieval System. Comput. Oper. Res., 32(6):1515-1544.

[8] Ioannou, P.A., Kosmatopoulos, E.B., Jula, H., Collinge, A., Liu, C.I., Asef-Vaziri, A., Dougherty, E.Jr., 2002. Cargo Handling Technologies. Technical Report. Available at http://www.usc.edu/dept/ee/catt/2002/jula/Marine/FinalReport_CCDoTT_97.pdf

[9] Kim, K.H., 1997. Evaluation of the number of rehandles in container yards. Comput. Ind. Eng., 32(4):701-711.

[10] Kim, K.H., Kim, H.B., 1999. Segregating space allocation models for containers inventories in port container terminals. Int. J. Prod. Econ., 59(1-3):415-423.

[11] Kim, K.H., Park, K.T., 2003. A note on a dynamic space-allocation method for outbound containers. Eur. J. Operat. Res., 148(1):92-101.

[12] Kim, K.H., Park, K.T., Ryu, K.R., 2000. Deriving decision rules to locate export containers in container yards. Eur. J. Operat. Res., 124(1):89-101.

[13] Liu, C.I., Jula, H., Ioannou, P.A., 2002. Design, simulation and evaluation of automated container terminals. IEEE Trans. on Intell. Transp. Syst., 3(1):12-26.

[14] McDowell, E., Cho, D., Martin, G., West, T., 1985. A Study of Maritime Container Handling. Technical Report No. 1985-003. Sea Grant College Program, Oregon State University, p.1-10.

[15] Sarker, B.R., Babu, P.S., 1995. Travel time models in automated storage/retrieval systems: a critical review. Int. J. Prod. Econ., 40(2-3):173-184.

[16] Taleb-Ibrahimi, M., de Castilho, B., Daganzo, C.F., 1993. Storage space vs. handling work in container terminals. Transp. Res. Part B: Methodol., 27(1):13-32.

[17] van den Berg, J.P., Gademann, A.J.R.M., 2000. Simulation study of an automated storage/retrieval system. Int. J. Prod. Res., 38(6):1339-1356.

[18] Watanabe, I., 1991. Characteristics and analysis method of efficiencies of container terminal—an approach to the optimal loading/unloading method. Container Age, 3:36-47.

[19] Zhang, C.Q., Liu, J.Y., Wan, Y.W., Murty, K.G., Linn, R.J., 2003. Storage space allocation in container terminals. Transp. Res. Part B: Methodol., 37(10):883-903.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE