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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2008 Vol.9 No.5 P.702~713


A Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary model of the Tainan Basin, the South China Sea: evidence from a multi-channel seismic profile

Author(s):  Wei-wei DING, Jia-biao LI, Ming-bi LI, Xue-lin QIU, Yin-xia FANG, Yong TANG

Affiliation(s):  Key Laboratory of Submarine Geoscience, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   wwdingsio@yahoo.com.cn

Key Words:  Southwest Tainan Basin, Dual-layered structure, Fault bend fold, Tectono-sedimentary evolution

Wei-wei DING, Jia-biao LI, Ming-bi LI, Xue-lin QIU, Yin-xia FANG, Yong TANG. A Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary model of the Tainan Basin, the South China Sea: evidence from a multi-channel seismic profile[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2008, 9(5): 702~713.

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author="Wei-wei DING, Jia-biao LI, Ming-bi LI, Xue-lin QIU, Yin-xia FANG, Yong TANG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T A Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary model of the Tainan Basin, the South China Sea: evidence from a multi-channel seismic profile
%A Wei-wei DING
%A Jia-biao LI
%A Ming-bi LI
%A Xue-lin QIU
%A Yin-xia FANG
%A Yong TANG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 9
%N 5
%P 702~713
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A071572

T1 - A Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary model of the Tainan Basin, the South China Sea: evidence from a multi-channel seismic profile
A1 - Wei-wei DING
A1 - Jia-biao LI
A1 - Ming-bi LI
A1 - Xue-lin QIU
A1 - Yin-xia FANG
A1 - Yong TANG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 9
IS - 5
SP - 702
EP - 713
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A071572

The Tainan Basin is one of the set of Cenozoic extensional basins along northern margin of the South China Sea that experienced extension and subsequently thermal subsidence. The Tainan Basin is close to the Taiwan Arc-Trench System and straddles a transition zone between oceanic and continental crust. A new regional multi-channel seismic profile (973-01) across the region of NE South China Sea is introduced in this paper. In seismic stratigraphy and structural geology, a model of Cenozoic tectono-sedimentation of the Tainan Basin is established. The results show that three stages can be suggested in Tainan Basin; In Stage A (Oligocene (?)-Lower Miocene) the stratigraphy shows restricted rifting, indicating crustal extension. Terrestrial sediments mostly filled the faulted sags of the North Depression on the continental shelf. Structural highs, including the Central Uplift, blocked material transportation to the South Depression in abyssal basin. In Stage B the Tainan Basin (Middle-Upper Miocene) exhibits a broad subsidence resulting from the post-rifting thermal cooling. The faulted-sags in North Depression had been filled up. Terrestrial materials were transported over the structural highs and deposited directly in the South Depression through submarine gullies or canyons. This sedimentation resulted in a crucial change in the slope to a modern shape. In Stage C (Latest Miocene-Recent) a phase change from extension to compression took place due to the orogeny caused by the overthrusting of the Luzon volcanic arc. Many inverse structures, such as thrusts, fault bend folds, and a regional unconformity were formed. Forland basin began developing.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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