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CLC number: TK123

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Received: 2009-02-14

Revision Accepted: 2009-04-06

Crosschecked: 2009-08-20

Cited: 6

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2009 Vol.10 No.9 P.1277~1284

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A0920095


Design and preliminary experimental investigation of a 4 K Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler with precooling


Author(s):  Zhi-hua GAN, Zhuo-pei LI, Jie CHEN, Li DAI, Li-min QIU

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   limin.qiu@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler (PTC), Regenerator, Helium-3, Cold inertance tube, 4 K


Zhi-hua GAN, Zhuo-pei LI, Jie CHEN, Li DAI, Li-min QIU. Design and preliminary experimental investigation of a 4 K Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler with precooling[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2009, 10(9): 1277~1284.

@article{title="Design and preliminary experimental investigation of a 4 K Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler with precooling",
author="Zhi-hua GAN, Zhuo-pei LI, Jie CHEN, Li DAI, Li-min QIU",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="10",
number="9",
pages="1277~1284",
year="2009",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A0920095"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Design and preliminary experimental investigation of a 4 K Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler with precooling
%A Zhi-hua GAN
%A Zhuo-pei LI
%A Jie CHEN
%A Li DAI
%A Li-min QIU
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 10
%N 9
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%@ 1673-565X
%D 2009
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A0920095

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T1 - Design and preliminary experimental investigation of a 4 K Stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler with precooling
A1 - Zhi-hua GAN
A1 - Zhuo-pei LI
A1 - Jie CHEN
A1 - Li DAI
A1 - Li-min QIU
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 10
IS - 9
SP - 1277
EP - 1284
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2009
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A0920095


Abstract: 
A stirling-type pulse tube cryocooler (PTC) with precooling was designed and manufactured to investigate its performance at 4 K. Numerical simulation was carried out based on the well-known regenerator model REGEN with an emphasis on the performance of a 4 K stage regenerator of the Stirling-type PTC as influenced by the warm end temperature, pressure ratio, frequency and average pressure with helium-4 and helium-3 as the working fluid respectively. This study demonstrates that the use of a cold inertance tube can significantly improve the efficiency of a 4 K Stirling-type PTC. A preliminary experimental investigation was carried out with helium-4 as the working fluid and a refrigeration temperature of 4.23 K was achieved. The experimental results show that the operating frequency has a significant influence on the performance of the Stirling-type PTC and a relatively low average pressure is favorable for decreasing the loss associated with the real gas effects of a 4 K Stirling-type PTC.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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