Full Text:   <3326>

CLC number: U44; U66

On-line Access: 2011-10-28

Received: 2011-07-09

Revision Accepted: 2011-09-01

Crosschecked: 2011-09-28

Cited: 5

Clicked: 3210

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2011 Vol.12 No.11 P.826-836

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1100187


A nonlinear dynamic macro-element for demand assessment of bridge substructures subjected to ship collision


Author(s):  Wei Fan, Wan-cheng Yuan, Mi Zhou

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China, Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette 47907, USA, Key Laboratory for Old Bridge Detection and Reinforcement Technology of Ministry of Transportation, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China

Corresponding email(s):   fanwei.tj@gmail.com, yuan@tongji.edu.cn

Key Words:  Nonlinear macro-element, Ship-bridge collision, P-a curve, Dynamic demand, Design codes


Wei Fan, Wan-cheng Yuan, Mi Zhou. A nonlinear dynamic macro-element for demand assessment of bridge substructures subjected to ship collision[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2011, 12(11): 826-836.

@article{title="A nonlinear dynamic macro-element for demand assessment of bridge substructures subjected to ship collision",
author="Wei Fan, Wan-cheng Yuan, Mi Zhou",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="12",
number="11",
pages="826-836",
year="2011",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A1100187"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T A nonlinear dynamic macro-element for demand assessment of bridge substructures subjected to ship collision
%A Wei Fan
%A Wan-cheng Yuan
%A Mi Zhou
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 12
%N 11
%P 826-836
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2011
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1100187

TY - JOUR
T1 - A nonlinear dynamic macro-element for demand assessment of bridge substructures subjected to ship collision
A1 - Wei Fan
A1 - Wan-cheng Yuan
A1 - Mi Zhou
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 12
IS - 11
SP - 826
EP - 836
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2011
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1100187


Abstract: 
For the dynamic demand assessment of bridge structures under ship impact loading, it may be prudent to adopt analytical models which permit rapid analysis with reasonable accuracy. Herein, a nonlinear dynamic macro-element is proposed and implemented to quantify the demand of bridge substructures subjected to ship collisions. In the proposed nonlinear macro-element, a combination of an elastic-plastic spring and a dashpot in parallel is employed to describe the mechanical behavior of ship-bows with strain rate effects. Based on the analytical model using the proposed macro-element, a typical substructure under 5000 deadweight tonnage (DWT) ship collision is discussed. Our analyses indicate that the responses of the structure using the nonlinear macro-element agree with the results from the high resolution model, but the efficiency and feasibility of the proposed method increase significantly in practical applications. Furthermore, comparisons between some current design codes (AASHTO, JTGD60-2004, and TB10002.1-2005) and the developed dynamic analysis method suggest that these design codes may be improved, at least to consider the effect of dynamic amplification on structural demand.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials), 1991. Guide Specifications and Commentary for Vessel Collision Design of Highway Bridges. Washington DC, USA.

[2]AASHTO, 2009. Guide Specifications and Commentary for Vessel Collision Design of Highway Bridges (2nd Ed.). Washington DC, USA.

[3]ABAQUS, 2005. Theory Manual, Version 6.5. Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen Inc., USA.

[4]Consolazio, G.R., Cowan, D.R., 2003. Nonlinear analysis of barge crush behavior and its relationship to impact resistant bridge design. Computers & Structures, 81(8-11):547-557.

[5]Consolazio, G.R., Cowan, D.R., 2005. Numerically efficient dynamic analysis of barge collisions with bridge piers. Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(8):1256-1266.

[6]Cowan, D.R., 2007. Development of Time-History and Response Spectrum Analysis Procedures for Determining Bridge Response to Barge Impact Loading. PhD Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

[7]El-Dakhakhni, W.W., Mekky, W.F., Changiz Rezaei, S.H., 2010. Validity of SDOF models for analyzing two-way reinforced concrete panels under blast loading. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 24(4):311-325.

[8]Fan, W., Yuan, W.C., Fan, Q.W., 2008. Calculation method of ship collision force on bridge using artificial neural network. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A, 9(5):614-623.

[9]Fan, W., Yuan, W.C., Yang, Z., Fan, Q.W., 2010. Development of time history analysis for dynamic demand of elevated pile-cap bridge subjected to vessel collision. Journal of Tongji University (Natural Science), 38(12):1719-1724 (in Chinese).

[10]Fan, W., Yuan, W.C., Yang, Z., Fan, Q.W., 2011. Dynamic demand of bridge structure subjected to vessel impact using simplified interaction model. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 16(1):117-126.

[11]TB10002.1-2005. Fundamental Code for Design on Railway Bridge and Culvert. China Railway Publishing House, Beijing, China (in Chinese).

[12]JTG D60-2004. General Code for Design of Highway Bridges and Culverts. China Communications Press, Beijing, China (in Chinese).

[13]Getter, D.J., Consolazio, G.R., Davidson, M.T., 2011. An equivalent static analysis method for barge impact-resistant bridge design. Journal of Bridge Engineering, in press.

[14]He, Y., Jin, W.L., Zhang, A.H., Wu, J.G., 2008. Nonlinear collision simulation on dynamic interaction between ship-bridge. Journal of Zhejiang University (Engineering Science), 42(6):1065-1070 (in Chinese).

[15]Jones, N., 1989. Structural Impact. Cambridge University Press, UK, p.333-383.

[16]Larsen, O.D., 1993. Ship Collision with Bridges. IABSE Structural Engineering Documents. The Interaction between Vessel Traffic and Bridge Structures. IABSE-AIPC-IVBH, Switzerland, p.1-6.

[17]LS-DYNA, 2007. LS-DYNA Keyword User’s Manual, Version 971. Livermore Software Technology Corporations (LSTC), USA.

[18]Pedersen, P.T., Valsgard, S., Olsen, D., 1993. Ship impacts: bow collisions. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 13(2):163-187.

[19]Priestley, M.J.N., Seible, F., Calvi, G.M., 1996. Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges. John Wiley & Sons, New York, p.155-249.

[20]Varun, 2010. A Non-Linear Dynamic Macroelement for Soil Structure Interaction Analysis of Pile in Liquefiable Sites. PhD Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA.

[21]Wang, L.L., Yang, L.M., Huang, D.J., Zhang, Z.W., Chen, G.Y., 2008. An impact dynamics analysis on a new crashworthy device against ship-bridge collision. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 35(8):895-904.

[22]Yuan, P., 2005. Modeling, Simulation and Analysis of Multi-Barge Flotillas Impacting Bridge Piers. PhD Thesis, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

[23]Yuan, W.C., Fan, W., Zheng, Y.G., 2009. Study on the Fortification Criterion and Anti-Impact Structure Design of Ship-Bridge Collision for the Second Jiaojiang Bridge and Connecting Engineering. Technical Report, State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China (in Chinese).

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE