Full Text:   <1920>

CLC number: X5

On-line Access: 2012-01-04

Received: 2011-06-25

Revision Accepted: 2011-11-29

Crosschecked: 2011-12-06

Cited: 3

Clicked: 3748

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2012 Vol.13 No.1 P.69-78

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1100201


Dispersion modeling and health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator in Hangzhou, China


Author(s):  Xiao-jun Ma, Xu-guang Jiang, Yu-qi Jin, Hong-mei Liu, Xiao-dong Li, Tong Chen, Jian-hua Yan

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   jinyuqi@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Dioxins, Meteorology, Air dispersion model, Health risk assessment, Dioxin exposure


Share this article to: More <<< Previous Article|

Xiao-jun Ma, Xu-guang Jiang, Yu-qi Jin, Hong-mei Liu, Xiao-dong Li, Tong Chen, Jian-hua Yan. Dispersion modeling and health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator in Hangzhou, China[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2012, 13(1): 69-78.

@article{title="Dispersion modeling and health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator in Hangzhou, China",
author="Xiao-jun Ma, Xu-guang Jiang, Yu-qi Jin, Hong-mei Liu, Xiao-dong Li, Tong Chen, Jian-hua Yan",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="13",
number="1",
pages="69-78",
year="2012",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A1100201"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Dispersion modeling and health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator in Hangzhou, China
%A Xiao-jun Ma
%A Xu-guang Jiang
%A Yu-qi Jin
%A Hong-mei Liu
%A Xiao-dong Li
%A Tong Chen
%A Jian-hua Yan
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 13
%N 1
%P 69-78
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1100201

TY - JOUR
T1 - Dispersion modeling and health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator in Hangzhou, China
A1 - Xiao-jun Ma
A1 - Xu-guang Jiang
A1 - Yu-qi Jin
A1 - Hong-mei Liu
A1 - Xiao-dong Li
A1 - Tong Chen
A1 - Jian-hua Yan
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 13
IS - 1
SP - 69
EP - 78
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1100201


Abstract: 
The emission of dioxins from municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) has become a widespread concern. The effect of meteorological parameters (wind speed, atmospheric stability and mixing height) on the hourly ground level concentration (GLC) of dioxins was estimated using air dispersion models. Moreover, the health risks of dioxin exposure were evaluated for children and adults using the Nouwen equation. The total environmental exposure via air inhalation and food ingestion was calculated, based on linear fit equations. The results indicate that potentially severe pollution from dioxins occurs at a wind speed of 1.5 m/s with atmospheric stability class F. In addition, local residents in the study area are exposed to severe weather conditions most of the time, and the risk exposures for children are far higher than those for adults. The total exposure for children far exceeds the tolerable daily intake of dioxin recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) of 1–4 pg TEQ/(kg·d) under severe weather conditions. Results from modeling calculations of health risk assessment were consistent with dioxin levels obtained during actual monitoring of emissions.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]Basham, J.P., Whitwell, I., 1999. Dispersion modelling of dioxin releases from the waste incinerator at Avonmouth, Bristol, UK. Atmospheric Environment, 33(20):116-121.

[2]Beyrich, F., 1997. Mixing height estimation from sodar date —a critical discussion. Atmospheric Environment, 31(23):3941-3953.

[3]Brubaker, W.W.Jr, Hites, R.A., 1997. Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans: Gas-phase hydroxyl radical reactions and related atmospheric removal. Environmental Science & Technology, 31(6):1805-1810.

[4]Chang, M.B., Lee, C.H., 1998. Dioxin levels in the emissions from municipal waste incinerators in Taiwan. Chemosphere, 36(11):2483-2490.

[5]Correa, O., Rifai, H., Raun, L., Suarez, M., Koenig, L., 2004. Concentrations and vapor-particle partitioning of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in ambient air of Houston, TX. Atmospheric Environment, 38(39):6687-6699.

[6]Domingo, J.L., Agramunt, M.C., Nadal, M., Schuhmacher, M., Corbella, J., 2002. Health risk assessment of PCDD/ PCDF exposure for the population living in the vicinity of a municipal waste incinerator. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 43(4):461-465.

[7]GB 18485-2001, 2001. Standard for Pollution Control on the Municipal Solid Waste Incineration. National Standard of People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[8]GB/T 3840-91, 1991. Technical Methods for Making Local Emission Standards of Air Pollutants. National Standard of People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[9]Government of Japan, 2003. Information Brochure Dioxins. Available from http://www.env.go.jp/en/chemi/dioxins/brochure2003.pdf [Accessed on Oct. 9, 2010].

[10]Government of Japan, 2009. Information Brochure Dioxins. Available from http://www.env.go.jp/en/chemi/dioxins/brochure2009.pdf [Accessed on Oct. 9, 2010].

[11]Gu, Q., Li, Y.S., 2002. The Calculated Methods of Air Environmental Models. Meteorological Press, Beijing, p.55-61 (in Chinese).

[12]HJ/T 2.2-93, 1993. Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment–Atmospheric Environment. Environmental Protection Industry Standard of People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[13]Hu, X.B., Xu, Z.C., Wang, J.N., Zhang, X.Y., 2011. Health potential impacts of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans pollution in Pearl River Delta. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 20(2):311-316 (in Chinese).

[14]Kanematsu, M., Shimizu, Y., Sato, K., Kim, S., Suzuki, T., Park, B., Hattori, K., Nakamura, M., Yabushita, H., Yokota, K., 2006. Distribution of dioxins in surface soils and river-mouth sediments and their relevance to watershed properties. Water Science and Technology, 53(2):11-21.

[15]Kao, W.Y., Ma, H.W., Wang, L.C., Chang-Chien, G.P., 2007. Site-specific health risk assessment of dioxins and furans in an industrial region with numerous emission sources. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 30(4):481-489.

[16]Koester, C.J., Hites, R.A., 1992. Photodegradation of polychlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans adsorbed to fly ash. Environmental Science & Technology, 26(3):502-507.

[17]Lee, S.J., Choi, S.D., Jin, G.Z., Oh, J.E., Chang, Y.S., Shin, S.K., 2007. Assessment of PCDD/F risk after implementation of emission reduction at a MSWI. Chemosphere, 68(5):856-863.

[18]Lohmann, R., Jones, K.C., 1998. Dioxin and furans in air and deposition: a review of levels, behavior and processes. The Science of the Total Environment, 219(1):53-81.

[19]Lorber, M., Pinsky, P., Gehring, P., Braverman, C., Winters, D., Sovocool, W., 1998. Relationships between dioxins in soil, air, ash, and emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator emitting large amounts of dioxins. Chemosphere, 37(9-12):2173-2197.

[20]Lorber, M., Eschenroeder, A., Robinson, R., 2000. Testing the USA EPA’s ISCST-Version 3 model on dioxins: a comparison of predicted and observed air and soil concentrations. Atmospheric Environment, 94(4):557-572.

[21]Ma, H.W., 2002. Using stochastic risk assessment in setting information priorities for managing dioxin impact from a municipal waste incinerator. Chemosphere, 48(10):1035-1040.

[22]Manju, N., Balakrishnan, R., Mani, N., 2002. Assimilative capacity and pollutant dispersion studies for the industrial zone of Manali. Atmospheric Environment, 36(21):3461-3471.

[23]Masunaga, S., Yao, Y., Ogura, I., Sakurai, T., Nakanishi, J., 2003. Source and behavior analyses of dioxins based on congener-specific information and their application to Tokyo Bay basin. Chemosphere, 53(4):315-324.

[24]Nouwen, J., Cornelis, C., De Fre, R., Wevers, M., Viaene, P., Mensink, C., Patyn, J., Verschaeve, L., Hooghe, R., Maes, A., Collier, M., Schoeters, G., Van Cleuvenbergen, R., Geuzens, P., 2001. Health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from municipal waste incinerators: the Neerlandquarter (Wilrijk, Belgium). Chemosphere, 43(4-7):909-923.

[25]Olie, K., Vermeulen, P.L., Hutzinger, O., 1977. Chlorodibenzo -p-dioxins and chlorodibenzofurans are trace components of fly ash and flue gas of some municipal incinerators in the Netherlands. Chemosphere, 9(8):501-522.

[26]Päpke, O., 1998. PCDD/PCDF: human background data for Germany, a 10-year experience. Environmental Health Perspectives, 106(Supp. 2):723-731.

[27]Pasquill, F., 1961. The estimation of the dispersion of windborne material. Meteorology Magazine, 90(1063):33-49.

[28]Rama Krishna, T.V.B.P.S., Reddy, M.K., Reddy, R.C., Singh, R.N., 2005. Impact of an industrial complex on the ambient air quality: Case study using a dispersion model. Atmospheric Environment, 14(29):19-30.

[29]Turner, D.B., 1994. Workbook of Atmospheric Dispersion Estimates: an Introduction to Dispersion Modeling (2nd Ed.). Lewis Publishers.

[30]UNEP, 2005. Standardized Toolkit for Identification and Quantification of Dioxin and Furan Releases. UNEP Chemicals, Geneva.

[31]Van Hall Instituut, 1997. Vlier-Humaan. Van Hall Institute, Leeuwarden.

[32]Welsch-Pausch, K., McLachlan, M.S., 1998. Fate of airborne polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in an agricultural ecosystem. Environmental Pollution, 102(1):129-137.

[33]Xu, M.X., Yan, J.H., Lu, S.Y., Li, X.D., Chen, T., Ni, M.J., Dai, H.F., Wang, F., Cen, K.F., 2008. Source identification of PCDD/Fs in agricultural soils near to a Chinese MSWI plant through isomer-specific data analysis. Chemosphere, 71(6):1144-1155.

[34]Xu, M.X., Yan, J.H., Lu, S.Y., Li, X.D., Chen, T., Ni, M.J., Dai, H.F., Wang, F., Cen, K.F., 2009. Concentrations, profiles and sources of atmospheric PCDD/Fs near a municipal solid waste incinerator in Eastern China. Environmental Science & Technology, 43(4):1023-1029.

[35]Yan, J.H., Chen, T., Li, X.D., Zhang, J., Lu, S.Y., Ni, M.J., Cen, K.F., 2006. Evaluation of PCDD/Fs emission from fluidized bed incinerators co-firing MSW with coal in China. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 135(1-3):47-51.

[36]Yan, J.H., Xu, M.X., Lu, S.Y., Li, X.D., Chen, T., Ni, M.J., Dai, H.F., Cen, K.F., 2008. PCDD/F concentrations of agricultural soil in the vicinity of fluidized bed incinerators of co-firing MSW with coal in Hangzhou, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 151(2-3):522-530.

[37]Yoshida, K., Ikeda, S., Nakanishi, J., Tsuzuki, C.N., 2001. Validation of modeling approach to evaluate congener-specific concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in air and soil near a solid waste incinerator. Chemosphere, 45(8):1209-1217.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE