Full Text:   <2764>

CLC number: TU5

On-line Access: 2012-02-27

Received: 2011-08-03

Revision Accepted: 2011-09-09

Crosschecked: 2012-02-07

Cited: 2

Clicked: 6303

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2012 Vol.13 No.3 P.208-218

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1100204


Laboratory test on moisture adsorption-desorption of wall paintings at Mogao Grottoes, China


Author(s):  Hu-yuan Zhang, Geng-sheng Yan, Xu-dong Wang

Affiliation(s):  MOE Key Laboratory of Mechanics on Disaster and Environment in Western China, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhanghuyuan@lzu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Mogao Grottoes, Wall paintings, Plaster, Moisture adsorption-desorption, Unsaturated soil


Hu-yuan Zhang, Geng-sheng Yan, Xu-dong Wang. Laboratory test on moisture adsorption-desorption of wall paintings at Mogao Grottoes, China[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2012, 13(3): 208-218.

@article{title="Laboratory test on moisture adsorption-desorption of wall paintings at Mogao Grottoes, China",
author="Hu-yuan Zhang, Geng-sheng Yan, Xu-dong Wang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="13",
number="3",
pages="208-218",
year="2012",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A1100204"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Laboratory test on moisture adsorption-desorption of wall paintings at Mogao Grottoes, China
%A Hu-yuan Zhang
%A Geng-sheng Yan
%A Xu-dong Wang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 13
%N 3
%P 208-218
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1100204

TY - JOUR
T1 - Laboratory test on moisture adsorption-desorption of wall paintings at Mogao Grottoes, China
A1 - Hu-yuan Zhang
A1 - Geng-sheng Yan
A1 - Xu-dong Wang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 13
IS - 3
SP - 208
EP - 218
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1100204


Abstract: 
moisture adsorption-desorption tests (MATs) were conducted on simulated mural plaster specimens under different air temperatures (ATs) and relative humidity (RH) to investigate the possible effect of seasonal alteration and visitors’ breath on the deterioration of mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. Saturated salt solutions were used to maintain a constant RH, and plant growth cabinets were used to maintain a constant or varying temperature in the simulation test. The weight of specimen was periodically measured to determine the adsorbed or desorbed moisture. Test data illustrate that the desorption process is far quicker than the adsorption one, indicating that it is possible to inhibit the disadvantage effect from visitors, such as shortening the staying time in caves. In case of high humidity, an accumulated moisture adsorption was found to correspond to the varying temperature. On the other hand, in case of low humidity, accumulated moisture desorption corresponded. Test data imply that opening caves more often to visitors in humid seasons should be avoided so as to prevent continuous wetting of wall paintings.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]Agnew, N., Li, Z.X., 2010. Objectives of the Cave 85 Project. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.397-398.

[2]Agnew, N., Maekawa, S., Wei, S., 2010. Causes and Mechanisms of Deterioration and Damage in Cave 85. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.412-420.

[3]Altenburg, K., Sullivan, S., Li, P., Peter, B., 2010. The Challenge of Managing Visitors at the Mogao Grottoes. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.152-159.

[4]Bui, Q.B., Morel, J.C., Reddy, B.V.V., Ghayada, W., 2009. Durability of rammed earth walls exposed for 20 years to natural weathering. Building and Environment, 44(5):912-919.

[5]Butt, H.J., Graf, K., Kappl, M., 2006. Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces. Wiley-VCH Verlag, Berlin, Germany.

[6]Camuffo, D., 1988. Surface moisture and conservation. European Cultural Heritage Newsletter on Research, 2(5):6-10.

[7]Camuffo, D., 1998. Microclimate for Cultural Heritage. Elsevier Science Press, Padova, Italy.

[8]Charola, A.E., 2000. Salts in the deterioration of porous materials: an Overview. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 39(3):327-343.

[9]Demas, M., Maekawa, S., Bell, J., Agnew, N., 2010. Sustainable Visitation at the Mogao Grottoes: A Methodology for Visitor Carrying Capacity. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.160-169.

[10]Fredlund, D.G., Rahardjo, H., 1993. Soil Mechanics for Unsaturated Soils. Wiley-Interscience Press, American.

[11]Guo, Q.L., Wang, X.D., Zhang, H.Y., Li, Z.X., Yang, S.L., 2009. Damage and conservation of the high cliff on the northern area of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, China. Landslides, 6(2):89-100.

[12]Li, Z.X., 2010. Deterioration and Treatment of Wall Paintings in Grottoes along the Silk Road in China and Related Conservation Efforts. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.46-55.

[13]Maekawa, S., Zhang, Y.J., Wang, B.Y., Li, S., 1997. Environmental Monitoring at the Mogao Grottoes. Proceedings of an International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles.

[14]Maekawa, S., Liu, G., Xue, P., Guo, Q.L., Hou, W.F., 2010. Origins of Moisture Affecting the Wall Paintings in Cave 85. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.464-470.

[15]Miura, S., Nishiura, T., Li, S., Zhang, Y.J., 1990. Climate in the Mogao Cave 1. Science for Conservation, 29:1-7.

[16]Miura, S., Nishiura, T., Zhang, Y.J., 1997. Microclimate of Cave Temples 53 and 194, Mogao Grottoes. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of an International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles.

[17]Piqué, F., Wong, L., Su, B.M., 2010. Methodology for the Conservation of the Wall Paintings in Cave 85. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.421-429.

[18]Rodriguez-Navarro, C., Doehne, E., 1999. Salt weathering: influence of evaporation rate, supersaturation and crystallization pattern. Earth Surface Processes Landforms, 24(3):191-209.

[19]Torraca, G., 1983. Environmental Protection of Mural Paintings in Caves. International Symposium on the Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Properties: Conservation and Restoration of Mural Paintings, Tokyo, p.1-18.

[20]Wang, J.Y., 2010. The Significance of Cave 85. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.399-405.

[21]Wilson-Yang, K.M., George, B., 1989. The stability of the tomb of Nefertari 1904–1987. Studies in Conservation, 34(4):153-170.

[22]Xu, S.Q., Wang, X.W., Sun, H.C., Li, W.T., Piqué, F., Wong, L., Rainer, L., Zheng, J., 2010. Conservation History and Condition Survey of Cave 85. First Progress Report in Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites, Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, p.406-411.

[23]Zhang, G.B., Xue, P., Hou, W.F., Guo, Q.L., 2005. Study on the influence microclimate of cave temples of tourists flow. Dunhuang Research, (4):483-486 (in Chinese).

[24]Zhang, H.Y., Yan, L., Wang, J.F., 2008. Salt Hazard of Earthen Monuments Induced by Capillary Rise. Proceedings of International Symposium on Conservation of Ancient Sites & ISRM-Sponsored Regional Symposium. Dunhuang, China, 1:222-233.

[25]Zhang, M.Q., Zhang, H.Y., Zeng, Z.Z., Li, Z.X., Wang, X.D., 1995. The mechanisms of efflorescent disaster of wall-paintings in Mogao Grottoes. Journal of Lanzhou University (Natural Sciences), 31(1):96-101 (in Chinese).

[26]Zhao, L.Y., Li, Y.F., Yu, Z.R., Li, Z.X., 2005. The analysis on materials and manufacturing operation of mural base in Silk Road Drottoes. Dunhuang Research, 4:75-82 (in Chinese).

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE