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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2014 Vol.15 No.6 P.454-464

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1300379


Emission inventory and trends of NO x for China, 2000–2020*


Author(s):  Yun Shi1,2, Yin-feng Xia1,2, Bi-hong Lu1,2, Nan Liu1, Lei Zhang1,2, Su-jing Li1, Wei Li1,2

Affiliation(s):  1. Key Laboratory of Biomass Chemical Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Industrial Ecology and Environment, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yunnanshiyun@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  NO x , Emission inventory, Scenario prediction, Energy consumption, China


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Yun Shi, Yin-feng Xia, Bi-hong Lu, Nan Liu, Lei Zhang, Su-jing Li, Wei Li. Emission inventory and trends of NOx for China, 2000–2020[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2014, 15(6): 454-464.

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publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A1300379"
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%T Emission inventory and trends of NOx for China, 2000–2020
%A Yun Shi
%A Yin-feng Xia
%A Bi-hong Lu
%A Nan Liu
%A Lei Zhang
%A Su-jing Li
%A Wei Li
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T1 - Emission inventory and trends of NOx for China, 2000–2020
A1 - Yun Shi
A1 - Yin-feng Xia
A1 - Bi-hong Lu
A1 - Nan Liu
A1 - Lei Zhang
A1 - Su-jing Li
A1 - Wei Li
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1300379


Abstract: 
The rapid growth of NO x emissions in china is mainly due to intensive fossil fuel consumption. In order to control NO x emissions, a multiyear NO x emission inventory was established by a bottom-up approach for the period 2000–2010. The results showed that NO x emissions increased by 2.1 times from 11.81 million tons (Mt) in 2000 to 24.33 Mt in 2010. We found that NO x emissions had exceeded SO2 emissions in 2009 by comparison with their emission trends. We also found that the unbalanced NO x emissions in Eastern china and Western china are mainly due to the different gross regional product and industrial structure. Accounting for 70% of total energy consumption in china, coal is the largest NO x emission source among all the fossil fuels. In addition, the increased use of diesel and gasoline has spurred the increase of NO x emissions from the transportation sector. Manufacturing, electricity production, and transportation together composed about 90% of the national NO x emissions. Meanwhile, energy consumption and NO x emissions in china are predicted to be 3908.5 Mt standard coal equivalent (SCE) and 19.7 Mt in 2020 with this scenario analysis, respectively. To achieve a desired NO x reduction target, china should take strict measures to control NO x emissions, such as improvement in reduction technology, promulgation of new emission standards, and joint control by various Chinese provinces.

2000–2020年中国氮氧化物排放清单及排放趋势

研究目的:建立2000–2020年中国氮氧化物排放清单,了解中国主要行业和省份氮氧化物的排放情况,为评估氮氧化物的环境影响和制定相关减排政策提供依据。
创新要点:分析了中国主要省份产业结构对氮氧化物排放量的影响;根据不同情景分析,预测2020年中国氮氧化物的排放量。
研究方法:1.基于自底向上法,根据不同类型化石燃料的氮氧化物排放因子,结合化石燃料消耗量,建立中国2000–2010年氮氧化物排放清单;2.基于IPAT方程,并以中国2000–2010年的国内生产总值增长数据和氮氧化物排放量为依据,分三种情景,分析2011–2020年中国能源消耗和氮氧化物排放趋势。
重要结论:2010年中国氮氧化物的排放量约是2000年的两倍;自2009年起,中国氮氧化物总排放量超过了二氧化硫总排放量;主要由于产业结构和地区生产总值的不同,中国东部和西部氮氧化物排放量有明显差异;制造业、电力行业和交通运输业是中国氮氧化物的主要排放源,其中交通运输业氮氧化物排放量呈现逐年增长趋势;预计2020年中国氮氧化物排放量为19.7 Mt。

关键词:氮氧化物;排放清单;情景分析;能源消耗;中国

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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