Full Text:   <1538>

Summary:  <383>

CLC number: TG580.1+1

On-line Access: 2015-11-04

Received: 2014-10-21

Revision Accepted: 2015-03-14

Crosschecked: 2015-10-12

Cited: 3

Clicked: 1785

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Xiang-lei Zhang


Bin Yao


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2015 Vol.16 No.11 P.874-884


Modeling of a virtual grinding wheel based on random distribution of multi-grains and simulation of machine-process interaction

Author(s):  Xiang-lei Zhang, Bin Yao, Wei Feng, Zhi-huang Shen, Meng-meng Wang

Affiliation(s):  1Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yaobin@xmu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Virtual grinding wheel, Random distribution, Interaction process, Precision grinding, Coupling simulation

Xiang-lei Zhang, Bin Yao, Wei Feng, Zhi-huang Shen, Meng-meng Wang. Modeling of a virtual grinding wheel based on random distribution of multi-grains and simulation of machine-process interaction[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2015, 16(11): 874-884.

@article{title="Modeling of a virtual grinding wheel based on random distribution of multi-grains and simulation of machine-process interaction",
author="Xiang-lei Zhang, Bin Yao, Wei Feng, Zhi-huang Shen, Meng-meng Wang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Modeling of a virtual grinding wheel based on random distribution of multi-grains and simulation of machine-process interaction
%A Xiang-lei Zhang
%A Bin Yao
%A Wei Feng
%A Zhi-huang Shen
%A Meng-meng Wang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 16
%N 11
%P 874-884
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2015
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1400316

T1 - Modeling of a virtual grinding wheel based on random distribution of multi-grains and simulation of machine-process interaction
A1 - Xiang-lei Zhang
A1 - Bin Yao
A1 - Wei Feng
A1 - Zhi-huang Shen
A1 - Meng-meng Wang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 16
IS - 11
SP - 874
EP - 884
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2015
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1400316

The interaction of the machine-process in grinding frequently brings unpredictable results to the quality of the products and processing stability. This paper presents a multi-grains grinding model to simulate the precision grinding process of cemented carbide inserts. The interaction between the grinding process and machine tool is then investigated based on the proposed grinding model. First, the real topography of the grinding wheel is simulated. Based on the assumption of spacing distribution of multi-grains and the virtual grid method, the hexahedron abrasive grains are randomly distributed on the surface of the virtual grinding wheel and the postures of abrasive grains are randomly allocated. Second, the grinding model is built by importing the virtual grinding wheel model into Deform-3D software, and the grinding force values are obtained by simulation. The validity of the proposed grinding model is verified by experiments. Then, the interaction coupling simulation of the machine tool structure and grinding process is built to investigate the interaction mechanism. The simulations reveal that remarkable interactive effects exist between the deformation of the grinding wheel of the machine tool and grinding force. The finite element method (FEM) coupling simulation method proposed in this paper can be used to predict the machine-process interaction.

In the article was described an interesting approach for modeling the grinding process, taking into account machine structure.


方法:1. 根据金刚石砂轮形貌构建磨粒位姿随机分布的虚拟砂轮,建立多颗磨粒磨削模型,对新模型的磨削力预测进行实验验证;2. 建立机床模型,特别是主轴-砂轮模型,并通过刚度试验;3. 将磨削模型的磨削力与机床模型的砂轮变形作为交互参数实现机床-工艺之间的交互作用 仿真。
结论:1. 构建的多颗磨粒模型可以实现磨削力预测;2. 构建的机床模型可以模拟机床结构刚度;3. 机床产生的变形与磨削力之间存在显著的交互作用,文中提出的有限元耦合仿真法可以实现预测机床-工艺的交互作用。


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Altintas, Y., Brecher, C., Weck, M., et al., 2005. Virtual machine tool. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 54(2):115-138.

[2]Anderson, D., Warkentin, A., Bauer, R., 2011. Experimental and numerical investigations of single abrasive-grain cutting. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 51(12):898-910.

[3]Aurich, J.C., Kirsch, B., 2012. Kinematic simulation of high-performance grinding for analysis of chip parameters of single grains. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, 5(3):164-174.

[4]Barge, M., Hamdi, H., Rech, J., et al., 2005. Numerical modelling of orthogonal cutting: influence of numerical parameters. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 164-165:1148-1153.

[5]Brecher, C., Witt, S., 2006. Simulation of machine process interaction with flexible multi-body simulation. Proceedings of the 9th CIRP International Workshop on Modeling of Machining Operations, Bled, Slovenia, p.171-178.

[6]Brecher, C., Esser, M., Witt, S., 2009. Interaction of manufacturing process and machine tool. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 58(2):588-607.

[7]Brinksmeier, E., Aurich, J.C., Govekar, E., et al., 2006. Advances in modeling and simulation of grinding processes. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 55(2):667-696.

[8]Chen, X., Rowe, W.B., 1996. Analysis and simulation of the grinding process. Part I: generation of the grinding wheel surface. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 36(8):871-882.

[9]Cheng, Z., Xu, J.H., Ding, W.F., et al., 2011. Simulation of chip formation in grinding titanium alloy TC4 with single abrasive grit. Diamond & Abrasive Grains Engineering, 31(2):17-21 (in Chinese).

[10]Doman, D.A., Warkentin, A., Bauer, R., 2009. Finite element modeling approaches in grinding. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 49(2):109-116.

[11]Duan, N., Wang, W.S., Yu, Y.Q., et al., 2013. Dynamic simulation of single grain cutting of glass by coupling FEM and SPH. China Mechanical Engineering, 24(20):2716-2721 (in Chinese).

[12]Gong, Y.D., Wang, B., Wang, W.S., 2002. The simulation of grinding wheels and ground surface roughness based on virtual reality technology. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 129(1-3):123-126.

[13]Hegeman, J.B.J.W., 2000. Fundamentals of Grinding: Surface Conditions of Ground Materials. PhD Thesis, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

[14]Herzenstiel, P., Robin, C.Y., Ching, S.R., et al., 2007. Interaction of process and machine during high-performance grinding: towards a comprehensive simulation concept. International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, 12(1-3):155-170.

[15]Nguyen, T.A., Butler, D.L., 2005. Simulation of surface grinding process, part 2: interaction of the abrasive grain with the workpiece. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 45(11):1329-1336.

[16]Su, Q., Hou, J.M., Zhu, L.D., et al., 2008. Simulation study of single grain cutting based on fluid-solid-interaction method. Journal of System Simulation, 20(10):5250-5253 (in Chinese).

[17]Su, Q., Xu, L., Liu, Y.W., et al., 2013. Numerical simulation of cutting process of CBN grit based on SPH method. China Mechanical Engineering, 24(5):667-671 (in Chinese).

[18]Syoji, K., 2007. Grinding Technology. Mechanical Industry Press, Beijing, China, p.96-97 (in Chinese).

[19]Wang, J.M., Ye, R.Z., Tang, Y.P., et al., 2009. 3D dynamic finite element simulation analysis of single abrasive grain during surface grinding. Diamond & Abrasive Grains Engineering, 173(5):41-45 (in Chinese).

[20]Wang, L.S., Li, G.F., 2002. Modelling and computer simulation for grinding process. China Mechanical Engineering, 13(1):1-4 (in Chinese).

[21]Wang, Y.S., Ding, N., 2005. The grinding force model of cylindrical traverse grinding. Journal of Changchun University, 15(6):1-3 (in Chinese).

[22]Warnecke, G., Barth, C., 1999. Optimization of the dynamic behavior of grinding wheels for grinding of hard and brittle materials using the finite element method. CIRP Annal-Manufacturing Technology, 48(1):261-264.

[23]Weinert, K., Heribert, B., Tim, J., et al., 2007. Simulation based optimization of the NC-shape grinding process with toroid grinding wheels. Production Engineering, 1(3):245-252.

[24]Yan, L., Jiang, F., Rong, Y.M., 2012. Grinding mechanism based on single grain cutting simulation. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 48(11):172-182 (in Chinese).

[25]Zhang, X.L., Yao, B., Zhao, W.C., et al., 2013. The finite element analysis and optimization for the grinder based on the joint surface. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 281:165-169.

[26]Zheng, M., Gang, T.Q., Yao, B., et al., 2012. Research on the cutting heat and wear of indexable inserts with different transition surfaces. Advanced Materials Research, 468-471:1290-1293.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE