Full Text:   <1147>

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CLC number: TK224.11

On-line Access: 2017-01-24

Received: 2015-11-11

Revision Accepted: 2016-05-27

Crosschecked: 2017-01-05

Cited: 0

Clicked: 1922

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Hao Zhou


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2017 Vol.18 No.2 P.113-123


Coal type identification based on the emission spectra of a furnace flame

Author(s):  Feng Yin, Zhi-hao Luo, Yuan Li, Ming-xi Zhou, Hao Zhou

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhouhao@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Coal type identification, Flame emission spectra, Alkali atomic spectra, Soot density compensation

Feng Yin, Zhi-hao Luo, Yuan Li, Ming-xi Zhou, Hao Zhou. Coal type identification based on the emission spectra of a furnace flame[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2017, 18(2): 113-123.

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author="Feng Yin, Zhi-hao Luo, Yuan Li, Ming-xi Zhou, Hao Zhou",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Coal type identification based on the emission spectra of a furnace flame
%A Feng Yin
%A Zhi-hao Luo
%A Yuan Li
%A Ming-xi Zhou
%A Hao Zhou
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
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%P 113-123
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%D 2017
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1500306

T1 - Coal type identification based on the emission spectra of a furnace flame
A1 - Feng Yin
A1 - Zhi-hao Luo
A1 - Yuan Li
A1 - Ming-xi Zhou
A1 - Hao Zhou
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 18
IS - 2
SP - 113
EP - 123
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2017
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1500306

This paper presents a novel method of identifying coal type based on mechanistic methods. The ratio of the resonance line spectrum of a luminous flame and the continuous spectrum at the same wavelength eliminates the influence of temperature on spectral intensity. The atomic line spectra of Na and K are typical and significant over continuous flame spectra. The concentrations of elemental Na and K in the flame are exclusively relative to coal type and composition. Using an experimental furnace and charge-coupled device (CCD) optical spectrometer apparatus, the continuous spectra and atomic line spectra of Na and K elements were sampled from coal flames in real time. An empirical fitting method was used to simplify the formulas of absorption strength and flame temperature calculation, and rational solutions were obtained by using an iterative algorithm. Due to the change in reaction rate and absorption by soot particles, the relative contents of Na and K in a flame vary with the temperature and absorption strength. Arrhenius’s equation for temperature compensation was adopted. Compensation for soot density in the furnace was also satisfied by an exponential expression. At any one sampling position, the compensation parameters were identical for all coal types. After compensation for temperature and density of soot particles, the relative strength of the Na and K signals and the ratio between them uniquely matched the coal type burnt in various conditions. The results were replicated and verified in various conditions, and the response time of the system was of the order of seconds.

This paper proposed a novel online coal type identification method based on the flame glowing mechanism, it is found that the resonance spectrum strength has a definite relationship with the corresponding content of the element of Na, k alkali metal species in a coal-fired flame. By means of a series of algorithm transformation around the strength relationship of the spectra, the characteristic parameter relevant to the specified coal type is achieved. Collected by the fiber spectrometer, the flame spectrum data in the specific wavelength range is employed to identify the various kinds of coal online. Such a method has been used in the industrial field and the results showed good work.


创新点:1. 通过火焰发射光谱机理研究获取可排除燃烧工况与测量采样等干扰因素的算法规则;2. 提出基于煤粉火焰光谱中Na和K元素原子发射光谱相对强度特征的煤种辨识方法。
方法:1. 通过光纤光谱仪获取锅炉各层燃烧器入口火焰光谱信号;2. 利用同波长下原子光谱与连续辐射光谱的相对关系,消去火焰温度、工况与环境的影响;3. 以补偿后Na和K元素原子发射光谱强度的特征比值表征不同煤种在火焰中的元素含量特征,实现煤种的在线辨识。
结论:1. 利用煤粉火焰光谱特征实现入炉煤种的实时辨识具有良好的工况稳定性与可复现性;2. 从算法机理中消除环境影响,降低了测量系统校验的复杂性。


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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