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CLC number: O32

On-line Access: 2017-01-24

Received: 2015-12-31

Revision Accepted: 2016-03-15

Crosschecked: 2016-11-08

Cited: 1

Clicked: 2516

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Zhi Chao Ong

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1686-3551

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2017 Vol.18 No.2 P.92-105

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1600003


Assessment of the phase synchronization effect in modal testing during operation


Author(s):  Zhi Chao Ong, Hong Cheet Lim, Shin Yee Khoo, Zubaidah Ismail, Keen Kuan Kong, Abdul Ghaffar Abdul Rahman

Affiliation(s):  Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhichao83@gmail.com, alexongzc@um.edu.my

Key Words:  Experimental modal analysis, Vibration, Impact-synchronous modal analysis (ISMA), Impact-synchronous time averaging (ISTA), Modal testing, Phase synchronization


Zhi Chao Ong, Hong Cheet Lim, Shin Yee Khoo, Zubaidah Ismail, Keen Kuan Kong, Abdul Ghaffar Abdul Rahman. Assessment of the phase synchronization effect in modal testing during operation[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2017, 18(2): 92-105.

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author="Zhi Chao Ong, Hong Cheet Lim, Shin Yee Khoo, Zubaidah Ismail, Keen Kuan Kong, Abdul Ghaffar Abdul Rahman",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="18",
number="2",
pages="92-105",
year="2017",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A1600003"
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%T Assessment of the phase synchronization effect in modal testing during operation
%A Zhi Chao Ong
%A Hong Cheet Lim
%A Shin Yee Khoo
%A Zubaidah Ismail
%A Keen Kuan Kong
%A Abdul Ghaffar Abdul Rahman
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1600003

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T1 - Assessment of the phase synchronization effect in modal testing during operation
A1 - Zhi Chao Ong
A1 - Hong Cheet Lim
A1 - Shin Yee Khoo
A1 - Zubaidah Ismail
A1 - Keen Kuan Kong
A1 - Abdul Ghaffar Abdul Rahman
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
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SP - 92
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1600003


Abstract: 
The impact-synchronous modal analysis (ISMA), which uses impact-synchronous time averaging (ISTA), allows modal testing to be performed during operation. ISTA is effective in filtering out the non-synchronous cyclic load component, its harmonics, and noises. However, it was found that at operating speeds that coincide with the natural modes, ISMA would require a high number of impacts to determine the dynamic characteristics of the system. This finding has subsequently reduced the effectiveness and practicality of ISMA. Preservation of signatures during ISTA depends on the consistency of their phase angles on every time block but not necessarily on their frequencies. Thus, the effect of phase angles with respect to impact is seen to be a very important parameter when performing ISMA on structures with dominant periodic responses due to cyclic load and ambient excitation. The responses from unaccounted forces that contain even the same frequency as that contained in the response due to impact are diminished with the least number of impacts when the phase of the periodic responses is not consistent with the impact signature for every impact applied. The assessment showed that a small number of averages are sufficient to eliminate the non-synchronous components with 98.48% improvement on simulation and 95.22% improvement on experimental modal testing when the phase angles with respect to impact are not consistent for every impact applied.

The paper discusses the importance of the phase of cyclic load components (relative to the instant of impact) to be averaged out using Impact Synchronous Time Averaging (ISTA) modal testing, especially when the operating speeds coincide with natural frequencies. It is pretty obvious that the phase of the cyclic loads is important, when trying to cancel them by averaging a sufficient number. So the main contribution of the paper is quantifying how few averages are really required to cancel the cyclic load component, if the phasing is specially chosen. This becomes evident only near the end of the paper, where an automatic impact device is suggested.

相位同步对工况下模态测试的影响评估分析

目的:通过研究证明激励信号的相位信息对同步激励模态分析的重要性:当各激励信号的相位信息非一致时,采用较少次数的时间平均即可实现对非激励-响应信号的滤除。
创新点:通过对比采用一致相位激励信号和非一致相位激励信号下的频率响应函数,证明了当各激励信号的相位信息非一致时,采用较少次数的时间平均足以实现对非激励-响应信号的滤除。
方法:基于非一致相位信号的同步激励模态分析法。
结论:基于同步激励时间平均技术,通过对比采用一致相位激励信号和非一致相位激励信号下的频率响应函数,证明了当各激励信号的相位信息非一致时,采用较少次数的时间平均足以实现对非激励-响应信号的滤除。在仿真试验中,非同步信号成分的滤除效果提升了98.48%;模态分析试验中,滤除效果提升了95.22%。

关键词:实验模态分析;振动;同步激励模态分析;同步激励时间平均;模态试验;相位同步

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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