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On-line Access: 2022-02-28

Received: 2021-04-11

Revision Accepted: 2021-09-17

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Xiao-qin ZHI


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2022 Vol.23 No.2 P.101-117


Cavitation evolution and damage by liquid nitrogen in a globe valve

Author(s):  Xia ZHOU, Xiao-qin ZHI, Xu GAO, Hong CHEN, Shao-long ZHU, Kai WANG, Li-min QIU, Xiao-bin ZHANG

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   xiaoqin628@126.com

Key Words:  Cavitation, Thermal effect, Cryogenic liquids, Cryogenic globe valve

Xia ZHOU, Xiao-qin ZHI, Xu GAO, Hong CHEN, Shao-long ZHU, Kai WANG, Li-min QIU, Xiao-bin ZHANG. Cavitation evolution and damage by liquid nitrogen in a globe valve[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2022, 23(2): 101-117.

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author="Xia ZHOU, Xiao-qin ZHI, Xu GAO, Hong CHEN, Shao-long ZHU, Kai WANG, Li-min QIU, Xiao-bin ZHANG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T Cavitation evolution and damage by liquid nitrogen in a globe valve
%A Xiao-qin ZHI
%A Hong CHEN
%A Shao-long ZHU
%A Li-min QIU
%A Xiao-bin ZHANG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
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%D 2022
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A2100168

T1 - Cavitation evolution and damage by liquid nitrogen in a globe valve
A1 - Xia ZHOU
A1 - Xiao-qin ZHI
A1 - Xu GAO
A1 - Hong CHEN
A1 - Shao-long ZHU
A1 - Kai WANG
A1 - Li-min QIU
A1 - Xiao-bin ZHANG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 23
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SP - 101
EP - 117
%@ 1673-565X
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A2100168

Valves are key components of the safety of fluid transportation systems because of induced disturbance and cavitation damage in them. In this study, a 2D model of a cryogenic globe valve with liquid nitrogen (LN2) as working fluid was established by Fluent, and thermal effects were specially considered in the simulation. The validity of the LN2 cavitation model was verified by the experimental data of hydrofoil LN2 cavitation from earlier studies by NASA. cavitation characteristics of LN2 in the cryogenic globe valve under three typical working conditions were investigated. The average pressure and pressure pulse at different positions of the wall were further studied to reveal cavitation risks from fatigue and vibration. Results show that with similar valve structure and openings, the pressure pulsation frequencies of LN2 are lower than those of water, and the shape and location of the cavitation clouds also show significant differences. For LN2 cavitation, an extended period of valve opening at 66% should be avoided since its pressure pulse peak is the largest compared to openings of 33% and 100%, and reaches 5×107 Pa. The opening of 33% should also be monitored because of the large torque caused by the pressure difference between the two sides of the valve baffles. To prevent resonance, a critical state for the valve opening and the connecting pipe length is proposed. These predictions of cryogenic cavitation in the globe valve are helpful for the safe and reliable operation of cryogenic fluid transport systems.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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