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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2008 Vol.9 No.7 P.546-551


Physicochemical characteristics of various milk samples available in Pakistan

Author(s):  Mohammad IMRAN, Hamayun KHAN, Syed Shah HASSAN, Rasool KHAN

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Chemical Sciences, University of Peshawar, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan; more

Corresponding email(s):   hamayun84@yahoo.com

Key Words:  Milk, Physicochemical characteristics, Pakistan

Mohammad IMRAN, Hamayun KHAN, Syed Shah HASSAN, Rasool KHAN. Physicochemical characteristics of various milk samples available in Pakistan[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2008, 9(7): 546-551.

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A1 - Mohammad IMRAN
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0820052

We report physicochemical characteristics of various kinds of liquid milk commercially available in pakistan in comparison with those of fresh natural milk from animals. milk samples were collected from local markets at Peshawar, pakistan, and analyzed for their physical features, including moisture, total solids, specific gravity, conductivity, viscosity and titratable acidity (lactic acid equivalent), and chemical components and macro-minerals, including total protein, casein, lactose, ash and minerals (Na, K and Mg). These items were compared with the physicochemical characteristics of the fresh natural milk samples from buffalo, cow and goat. The results were also compared with reported nutritional quality of milk from various countries and World Health Organization (WHO) standards. We found that all the physical features and chemical components of commercially available milk in pakistan markets meet WHO’s requirements, except for Na, K, Ca and Mg, which are below the standards.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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