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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.7 P.528-535


Parthenolide inhibits proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells through induction of G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest

Author(s):  Shao-xiang WENG, Mei-hua SUI, Shan CHEN, Jian-an WANG, Geng XU, Ji MA, Jiang SHAN, Lu FANG

Affiliation(s):  Department of Cardiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   wengshaox@sina.com

Key Words:  Parthenolide, Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC), Cell proliferation, I&kappa, B&alpha

Shao-xiang WENG, Mei-hua SUI, Shan CHEN, Jian-an WANG, Geng XU, Ji MA, Jiang SHAN, Lu FANG. Parthenolide inhibits proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells through induction of G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(7): 528-535.

@article{title="Parthenolide inhibits proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells through induction of G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest",
author="Shao-xiang WENG, Mei-hua SUI, Shan CHEN, Jian-an WANG, Geng XU, Ji MA, Jiang SHAN, Lu FANG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Parthenolide inhibits proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells through induction of G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest
%A Shao-xiang WENG
%A Mei-hua SUI
%A Shan CHEN
%A Jian-an WANG
%A Geng XU
%A Ji MA
%A Jiang SHAN
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 10
%N 7
%P 528-535
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2009
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0820351

T1 - Parthenolide inhibits proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells through induction of G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest
A1 - Shao-xiang WENG
A1 - Mei-hua SUI
A1 - Shan CHEN
A1 - Jian-an WANG
A1 - Geng XU
A1 - Ji MA
A1 - Jiang SHAN
A1 - Lu FANG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 10
IS - 7
SP - 528
EP - 535
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2009
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0820351

Objective: This study is to determine the effect of the natural product parthenolide, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from extracts of the herb Tanacetum parthenium, on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Methods: Rat aortic VSMCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, and treated with different concentrations of parthenolide (10, 20 and 30 μmol/L). [3H]thymidine incorporation was used as an index of cell proliferation. Cell cycle progression and distribution were determined by flow cytometric analysis. Furthermore, the expression of several regulatory proteins relevant to VSMC proliferation including i&kappa;b&alpha;, cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2), p21, and p27 was examined to investigate the potential molecular mechanism. Results: Treatment with parthenolide significantly decreased the [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA by 30%~56% relative to control values in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). Addition of parthenolide also increased cell population at G0/G1 phase by 19.2%~65.7% (P<0.05) and decreased cell population at S phase by 50.7%~84.8% (P<0.05), which is consistent with its stimulatory effects on p21 and p27. In addition, parthenolide also increased i&kappa;b&alpha; expression and reduced Cox-2 expression in a time-dependent manner. Conclusion: Our results show that parthenolide significantly inhibits the VSMC proliferation by inducing G0/G1 cell cycle arrest. i&kappa;b&alpha; and Cox-2 are likely involved in such inhibitory effect of parthenolide on VSMC proliferation. These findings warrant further investigation on potential therapeutic implications of parthenolide on VSMC proliferation in vivo.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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