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Received: 2012-09-10

Revision Accepted: 2012-11-15

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2013 Vol.14 No.1 P.76-82

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1200244


Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis infection in the dialysis patients with end stage renal diseases: case reports and literature review


Author(s):  Wen-fang Yang, Fei Han, Xiao-hui Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jiang-hua Chen

Affiliation(s):  Kidney Disease Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, China

Corresponding email(s):   chenjianghua@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, End stage renal disease, Dialysis


Wen-fang Yang, Fei Han, Xiao-hui Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jiang-hua Chen. Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis infection in the dialysis patients with end stage renal diseases: case reports and literature review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2013, 14(1): 76-82.

@article{title="Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis infection in the dialysis patients with end stage renal diseases: case reports and literature review",
author="Wen-fang Yang, Fei Han, Xiao-hui Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jiang-hua Chen",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="14",
number="1",
pages="76-82",
year="2013",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B1200244"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis infection in the dialysis patients with end stage renal diseases: case reports and literature review
%A Wen-fang Yang
%A Fei Han
%A Xiao-hui Zhang
%A Ping Zhang
%A Jiang-hua Chen
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 14
%N 1
%P 76-82
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2013
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1200244

TY - JOUR
T1 - Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis infection in the dialysis patients with end stage renal diseases: case reports and literature review
A1 - Wen-fang Yang
A1 - Fei Han
A1 - Xiao-hui Zhang
A1 - Ping Zhang
A1 - Jiang-hua Chen
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 14
IS - 1
SP - 76
EP - 82
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2013
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1200244


Abstract: 
The diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) seems relatively difficult due to the absence of specific symptoms and signs in patients on peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis. We report four cases of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis on dialysis, with two cases on peritoneal dialysis and two cases on hemodialysis. The presentations, therapy, and outcomes of TB infection in these patients were reviewed. Otherwise, the English literature published in the PubMed database associating extra-pulmonary tuberculosis on dialysis over the last three decades is reviewed. A total of 61 studies containing 70 cases were included. The most common primary disease was diabetic nephropathy (22.86%, 16/70). The peritoneum (31.42%, 22/70), bone (21.42%, 15/70), and lymph node (20%, 14/70) were the most frequently infected. Single organ infection was common (90%, 63/70). Fever (58.57%, 41/70), pain (35.71%, 25/70), and enlarged lymph node (20%, 14/70) were the most common symptoms. Biopsy (67.14%, 47/70) and culture (40%, 28/70) provided most reliable methods for clear diagnosis of tuberculosis. The combined treatment of isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol (44.29%, 31/70) was the most common therapy. The majority of patients improved (82.86%, 58/70); however, 12 cases got worse (17.14%), with 10 of them dying (14.29%). Physicians should be aware of the non-specific symptoms and location of infection, and consider tuberculosis in their differential diagnoses in dialysis patients presenting with symptoms such as fever, pain, and weight loss.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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