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CLC number: S965.199

On-line Access: 2018-03-05

Received: 2016-10-08

Revision Accepted: 2017-05-01

Crosschecked: 2018-02-08

Cited: 0

Clicked: 1614

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Li-rong Shen

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8240-1286

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2018 Vol.19 No.3 P.245-252

10.1631/jzus.B1600451


Supplementation with turmeric residue increased survival of the Chinese soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) under high ambient temperatures


Author(s):  Yong Chen, Yi-fan Zhang, Hao-cheng Qian, Jing-liang Wang, Zhe Chen, Jose M. Ordovas, Chao-qiang Lai, Li-rong Shen

Affiliation(s):  Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Fuli Institute of Food Science, Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   shenlirong@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Turmeric residue (TR), Curcumin, Chinese soft-shelled turtle (SST), Survival, High ambient temperature, Antioxidant


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Yong Chen, Yi-fan Zhang, Hao-cheng Qian, Jing-liang Wang, Zhe Chen, Jose M. Ordovas, Chao-qiang Lai, Li-rong Shen. Supplementation with turmeric residue increased survival of the Chinese soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) under high ambient temperatures[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2018, 19(3): 245-252.

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author="Yong Chen, Yi-fan Zhang, Hao-cheng Qian, Jing-liang Wang, Zhe Chen, Jose M. Ordovas, Chao-qiang Lai, Li-rong Shen",
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volume="19",
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pages="245-252",
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publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B1600451"
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A1 - Zhe Chen
A1 - Jose M. Ordovas
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1600451


Abstract: 
turmeric residue (TR), containing residual levels of curcumin, is a solid by-product waste generated after the extraction and separation of curcumin from turmeric root. A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of TR on the survival of Chinese soft-shelled turtles (SSTs), Pelodiscus sinensis, under a high ambient temperature. A total of 320 female SSTs were assigned randomly to two diets: basal diet (the control group, n=160) and an interventional diet supplemented with 10% TR (the TR group, n=160). Our results demonstrated that supplementation of TR increased the SST survival rate by 135.5%, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of SST liver by 112.8%, and decreased the malondialdehyde (MDA) content of SST liver by 36.4%, compared to the control group. The skin of the SST fed TR showed a golden color. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis indicated that the concentrations of curcumin in TR and the skin of the SST fed TR were (1.69±0.30) and (0.14±0.03) μg/g, respectively. Our observation suggests that supplementation of TR increased the survival rate of SST under high ambient temperatures. We speculated that the increased survival rate and tolerance at the high ambient temperature were associated with the anti-oxidation activity of curcumin from TR. Moreover, curcumin in TR could be deposited in SST skin, which made it more favored in the market of China. Our findings provide new knowledge and evidence to effectively reuse TR as a feed additive in animal and aquatic farming.

饲料中添加姜黄渣对高温环境下养殖中华鳖存活率的改善作用

目的:评估饲料中添加姜黄渣对中华鳖存活率及抗高温应激能力的改善作用;通过中华鳖的抗氧化能力分析,探讨姜黄渣的生化作用机制.
创新点:证实了饲料中添加姜黄渣对中华鳖具有增强抗高温能力,提高存活率的作用,为姜黄渣作为新的水产饲料添加剂的资源开发应用提供了重要科学依据.
方法:将320只雌性中华鳖(体重约250 g)随机分为对照组(标准饲料)和实验组(饲料中添加10%的姜黄渣).在2013年7月到10月分别考察实验组和对照组中华鳖的体重、存活率;分析试验地海盐县的气温变化与中华鳖存活率的相关性;用超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)和丙二醛(MDA)试剂盒分别检测了两组中华鳖肝组织的SOD酶活力及MDA含量;用高效液相色谱分别测定比较了两组中华鳖皮肤的姜黄素含量.
结论:补充姜黄渣的中华鳖皮肤呈现金黄色,皮肤所含色素为姜黄素,平均含量为 (0.14±0.03) µg/g.存活率调查显示,实验组的中华鳖存活率比对照组高135.5%;SOD和MDA分析显示,实验组中华鳖肝组织的SOD酶活比对照组高112.8%,MDA含量比对照组低36.4%.根据气温资料分析推测,持续高温容易导致中华鳖死亡,补充姜黄渣可有效降低高温造成的死亡率.综合分析显示,补充姜黄渣能显著提高中华鳖的存活率及抗高温应激能力,其作用与姜黄渣所含姜黄素的抗氧化活性相关.

关键词:姜黄渣;姜黄素;中华鳖;存活率;高温环境;抗氧化

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