Full Text:   <1497>

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CLC number: TM356

On-line Access: 2018-04-09

Received: 2016-04-25

Revision Accepted: 2016-09-08

Crosschecked: 2018-02-19

Cited: 0

Clicked: 2255

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Chong-Gun Yu

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0802-0113

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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2018 Vol.19 No.2 P.285-296

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.1601181


Thermal energy harvesting circuit with maximum power point tracking control for self-powered sensor node applications


Author(s):  Eun-Jung Yoon, Jong-Tae Park, Chong-Gun Yu

Affiliation(s):  Department of Electronics Engineering, Incheon National University, Incheon 406-772, Korea

Corresponding email(s):   ngkorea@nate.com, jtpark@inu.ac.kr, chong@inu.ac.kr

Key Words:  Thermoelectric energy, Energy harvesting, Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control, Self-powered system, Sensor node


Eun-Jung Yoon, Jong-Tae Park, Chong-Gun Yu. Thermal energy harvesting circuit with maximum power point tracking control for self-powered sensor node applications[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2018, 19(2): 285-296.

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Abstract: 
We present a simple implementation of a thermal energy harvesting circuit with the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control for self-powered miniature-sized sensor nodes. Complex start-up circuitry and direct current to direct current (DC-DC) boost converters are not required, because the output voltage of targeted thermoelectric generator (TEG) devices is high enough to drive the load applications directly. The circuit operates in the active/asleep mode to overcome the power mismatch between TEG devices and load applications. The proposed circuit was implemented using a 0.35-μm complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process. Experimental results confirmed correct circuit operation and demonstrated the performance of the MPPT scheme. The circuit achieved a peak power efficiency of 95.5% and an MPPT accuracy of higher than 99%.

为自供能传感器节点供电的最大功率点跟踪控制热能收集电路

概要:提出一种简便的具有最大功率点跟踪(maximum power point tracking,MPPT)控制功能的热能收集电路,为自供能微型传感器节点供电。由于热电发生器(thermo electric generator,TEG)的输出电压足够高,可直接驱动负载应用,故该电路免去了复杂的启动电路和直流-直流(DC-DC)升压转换器。为克服TEG设备和负载应用之间的功率失配,该电路在激活/休眠模式下工作。该热能收集电路基于0.35μm互补式金属氧化物半导体(CMOS)工艺研制。实验结果证明该电路能正常工作,展示了MPPT方案性能。该电路实现了95.5%的峰值功效和高于99%的MPPT精度。

关键词:热电能;能量收集;最大功率点跟踪(MPPT)控制;自供电系统;传感器节点

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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