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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2023 Vol.24 No.3 P.447-456


Nano-design of ultra-efficient reversible block based on quantum-dot cellular automata#

Author(s):  Seyed Sajad AHMADPOUR, Nima Jafari NAVIMIPOUR, Mohammad MOSLEH, Senay YALCIN

Affiliation(s):  Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Kadir Has University, Istanbul 34083, Türkiye; more

Corresponding email(s):   Seyed.Ahmad@khas.edu.tr, Nima.navimipour@khas.edu.tr, Mosleh@iaud.ac.ir, senay.yalcin@nisantasi.edu.tr

Key Words:  Nanotechnology, Reversible logic, Energy dissipation, Quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA), Reversible gate, Miller algorithm

Seyed Sajad AHMADPOUR, Nima Jafari NAVIMIPOUR, Mohammad MOSLEH, Senay YALCIN. Nano-design of ultra-efficient reversible block based on quantum-dot cellular automata#[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2023, 24(3): 447-456.

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reversible logic has recently gained significant interest due to its inherent ability to reduce energy dissipation, which is the primary need for low-power digital circuits. One of the newest areas of relevant study is reversible logic, which has applications in many areas, including nanotechnology, DNA computing, quantum computing, fault tolerance, and low-power complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS). An electrical circuit is classified as reversible if it has an equal number of inputs and outputs, and a one-to-one relationship. A reversible circuit is conservative if the EXOR of the inputs and the EXOR of the outputs are equivalent. In addition, quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) is one of the state-of-the-art approaches that can be used as an alternative to traditional technologies. Hence, we propose an efficient conservative gate with low power demand and high speed in this paper. First, we present a reversible gate called ANG (Ahmadpour Navimipour Gate). Then, two non-resistant QCA ANG and reversible fault-tolerant ANG structures are implemented in QCA technology. The suggested reversible gate is realized through the miller algorithm. Subsequently, reversible fault-tolerant ANG is implemented by the 2DW clocking scheme. Furthermore, the power consumption of the suggested ANG is assessed under different energy ranges (0.5Ek, 1.0Ek, and 1.5Ek). Simulations of the structures and analysis of their power consumption are performed using QCADesigner 2.0.03 and QCAPro software. The proposed gate shows great improvements compared to recent designs.


Seyed Sajad AHMADPOUR1, Nima Jafari NAVIMIPOUR1, Mohammad MOSLEH2, Senay YALCIN3
摘要:可逆逻辑由于其固有的降低能量耗散的能力最近受到极大关注。这种降低能量耗散的能力是低功耗数字电路的首要需求。可逆逻辑是相关研究的最新领域之一,在纳米技术、DNA计算、量子计算、容错和低功耗互补金属氧化物半导体(CMOS)等方面都有广泛应用。一个电路如果具有相同数量的输入和输出,并且是一一对应的,则被归类为可逆电路。如果输入和输出的异或门相等,则可逆电路是保守的。此外,量子点元胞自动机(QCA)是最先进的方法之一,可以替代传统技术。因此,本文提出一种低功耗、高速度的高效保守门。首先提出一个可逆门ANG (Ahmadpour Navimipour Gate),然后在QCA技术中实现非抗性ANG和可逆容错ANG两种结构。通过米勒算法实现所提可逆门,并通过2DW(二维设计)时钟电路图实现可逆容错ANG。此外,在不同的能量范围(0.5Ek,1.0Ek和1.5Ek)评估所提ANG门的功耗,并使用QCADesigner 2.0.03和QCAPro软件进行结构模拟和功耗分析。与之前的设计相比,所提可逆门具有很大提升。


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