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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2003 Vol.4 No.6 P.630~636

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2003.0630


LoColms: an innovative approach of enhancing traditional classroom form of education by promoting web-based distance learning in the poorer countries


Author(s):  NGARAMBE Donart, PAN Yun-he, CHEN De-ren

Affiliation(s):  Department of Computer Science, Zhejiang University, 310027 China; more

Corresponding email(s):   don_ngrambe@yahoo.com, drchen@zj.edu.cn

Key Words:  LoColms, Web-based distance learning, Ontology, Paging, PSTN, Proxy caches, PPP


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NGARAMBE Donart, PAN Yun-he, CHEN De-ren. LoColms: an innovative approach of enhancing traditional classroom form of education by promoting web-based distance learning in the poorer countries[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2003, 4(6): 630~636.

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Abstract: 
There have been numerous attempts recently to promote technology based education (Shrestha, 1997) in the poorer third world countries, but so far all these have not provided a sustainable solution as they are either centered and controlled from abroad and relying solely on foreign donors for their sustenance or they are not web-based, which make distribution problematic, and some are not affordable by most of the local population in these places. In this paper we discuss an application, the Local College Learning Management System (loColms), which we are developing, that is both sustainable and economical to suit the situation in these countries. The application is a web-based system, and aims at improving the traditional form of education by empowering the local universities. Its economicability comes from the fact that it is supported by traditional communication technology, the public switching telephone network system, PSTN, which eliminates the need for packet switched or dedicated private virtual networks (PVN) usually required in similar situations. At a later stage, we shall incorporate ontology and paging tools to improve resource sharability and storage optimization in the proxy caches (ProCa) and loColms servers. The system is based on the client/server paradigm and its infrastructure consists of the PSTN, ProCa, with the learning centers accessing the universities by means of point-to-point protocol (PPP).

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Reference

[1]Harremoes, P., Topsoe, F., 2002.Zipf's Law, Hyperbolic Distributions and Entropy Loss.IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT) Proceedings.

[2]IMFUNDO, 1999.Distance Education in Developing Countries: Knowledge Bank

[3]MFEP (Ministry Of Finance and Economic Planning), 2000.Rwanda Development Indicators (R. of Rwanda), No.3. Imprimerie de Kigali.

[4]Perkins, D., 1993. Requirements for an Internet Standard Point-to-Point Protocol. RFC 1547, Carnegie Mellon University.

[5]SCORM1, 2000: .

[6]Shrestha, G., 1997a.A Review of Case Studies Related to Distance Education in Developing Countries:

[7]Shrestha, G., 1997b.Distance Education In Developing Countries:

[8]Turner, M., 1999. Virtual Learning Spurs Africa's Universities, News Middle East & Africa Section.Copyright The Financial Times of London, Feb 17.

[9]Young, N., 1994. The k-Server dual and loose competitiveness for paging.Algorithmica, 11(6): 525-541.

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