Full Text:   <3072>

CLC number: TP391

On-line Access: 

Received: 2004-01-27

Revision Accepted: 2004-08-06

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 1

Clicked: 6428

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2005 Vol.6 No.5 P.454-459


A novel face recognition method with feature combination

Author(s):  LI Wen-shu, ZHOU Chang-le, XU Jia-tuo

Affiliation(s):  School of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   store6@163.com

Key Words:  Fisher discriminant criterion, Face recognition (FR), Linear discriminant analysis (LDA), Principal component analysis (PCA), Small sample size (SSS)

LI Wen-shu, ZHOU Chang-le, XU Jia-tuo. A novel face recognition method with feature combination[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2005, 6(5): 454-459.

@article{title="A novel face recognition method with feature combination",
author="LI Wen-shu, ZHOU Chang-le, XU Jia-tuo",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T A novel face recognition method with feature combination
%A LI Wen-shu
%A ZHOU Chang-le
%A XU Jia-tuo
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 6
%N 5
%P 454-459
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2005
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2005.A0454

T1 - A novel face recognition method with feature combination
A1 - LI Wen-shu
A1 - ZHOU Chang-le
A1 - XU Jia-tuo
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 6
IS - 5
SP - 454
EP - 459
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2005
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2005.A0454

A novel combined personalized feature framework is proposed for face recognition (FR). In the framework, the proposed linear discriminant analysis (LDA) makes use of the null space of the within-class scatter matrix effectively, and Global feature vectors (PCA-transformed) and local feature vectors (Gabor wavelet-transformed) are integrated by complex vectors as input feature of improved LDA. The proposed method is compared to other commonly used FR methods on two face databases (ORL and UMIST). Results demonstrated that the performance of the proposed method is superior to that of traditional FR approaches.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Belhumeur, P.N., Hespanha, J.P., Kriegman, D.J., 1997. Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: Recognition using class specific linear projection. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Machine Intel, 19(7):711-720.

[2] Bruce, V., Hancock, P., Burton, M., 1998. Human Face Perception and Identification, Face Recognition: From Theory to Application. NATO ASI Series, p.51-72.

[3] Burr, D., Morrone, M., Spinell, D., 1989. Evidence for edge and bar detectors in human vision. Vision Research, 29(4):419-431.

[4] Chen, L.F., Liao, H.Y., Mark, K.M.T., Lin, J.C., Yu, G.J., 2000. A new LDA-based face recognition system which can solve the small sample size problem. Pattern Recognition, 33(10):1713-1726.

[5] Dassigi, V., Mann, R.C., Protopoescu, V.A., 2001. Information fusion for text classification–an experimental comparison. Pattern Recognition, 34 (12):2413-2425.

[6] Daugman, J., 1988. Complete discrete 2-D Gabor transforms by Neural networks for image analysis and compression. IEEE Trans on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 36(7):1169-1179.

[7] Golub, G.H., van Loan, C.F., 1996. Matrix Computations, Third Ed. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, p.35-37.

[8] Graham, D.B., Allinson, N.M., 1998. Characterizing virtual eigensignatures for general purpose face recognition. Face Recognition: From Theory to Applications, NATO ASI Series F, Computer and Systems Sciences, 163:446-456.

[9] He, C., Zheng, Y.F., Ahalt, S.C., 2002. Object tracking using the Gabor wavelet transform and the golden section algorithm. IEEE Trans on Multimedia, 4(4):528-538.

[10] Kalocsai, P., Malsburg, C., Horn, J., 2000. Face recognition by statistical analysis of feature detectors. Image and Vision Computing, 18:273-281.

[11] Li, H.Y., Deklerck, R., Cuyper, B.D., Hermanus, A., Nyssen, E., Cornelis, J., Hermanus, A., Nyssen, E., Cornelis, J., 1995. Object recognition in brain CT-scans: knowledge-based fusion of data from multiple feature extractors. IEEE Trans on Medical Imaging, 14(2):212-228.

[12] Liu, C.J., Wechsler, H., 2001. A shape- and texture-based enhanced fisher classifier for face recognition. IEEE Trans. on Imaging Processing, 10(4):598-608.

[13] Liu, C.J., Wechsler, H., 2002. Gabor feature based classification using the enhanced fisher liner discriminant model for face recognition. IEEE Trans on Image Processing, 11(4):467-475.

[14] Lu, J.W., Plataniotis, K.N., Venetsanopoulos, A.N., 2003a. Face recognition using LDA-based algorithms. IEEE Trans on Neural Networks, 14(1):195-200.

[15] Lu, X.G., Wang, Y.H., Jain, A., 2003b. Combining classifiers for face recognition. Inter Conf Multimedia and Expo, 3:6-9.

[16] Luo, J.H., 1992. Introduction to Matrix Analysis. South China University of Technology Press, Guangzhou, p.53-69 (in Chinese).

[17] Nastar, C., Mitschke, M., 1998. Real-time Face Recognition Using Feature Combination. IEEE Inter Conf on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, p.312-319.

[18] ORL face database, 1994. AT&T Laboratories, Cambridge, U.K. Available: http://www.uk.research.att.com:pub/data/att_faces.zip.

[19] Peli, T., Young, M., Knox, R., Ellis, K.K., Bennett, F., 1999. Feature level sensor fusion, proceedings of the SPIE sensor fusion: Architectures. Algorithms and Applications III, 3719:332-339.

[20] Swets, D., Weng, J., 1996. Using discriminant eigenfeatures for image retrieval. IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 18(8):831-836.

[21] Turk, M., Pentland, A., 1991. Eigenfaces for recognition. J Cognitive Neurosci, 3(1):71-86.

[22] Yang, J., Yang, J.Y., Zhang, D., Lu, J.F., 2003. Feature fusion: parallel strategy vs. serial strategy. Pattern Recognition, 36(6):1369-1381.

[23] Yu, H., Yang, J., 2001. A direct LDA algorithm for high-dimensional data with application to face recognition. Pattern Recognition, 34(10):2067-2070.

[24] Yu, B., Jin, L.F., Chen, P., 2003. A new LDA-based method for face recognition. Journal of Computer-Aided Design & Computer Graphics, 15(3):302-306.

[25] Zhao, W.Y., Chellappa, R., Rosenfeld, A., Phillips, P.J., 2000. Face Recognition: A Literature Survey. UMD CFAR Technical Report CAR-TR-948.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE