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Received: 2005-12-02

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.5 P.894~899

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.A0894


Multiple description coding with spatial-temporal hybrid interpolation for video streaming in peer-to-peer networks


Author(s):  Lu Meng-ting, Lin Chang-kuan, Yao Jason, Chen Homer H.

Affiliation(s):  Graduate Institute of Communication Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei

Corresponding email(s):   homer@cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw

Key Words:  P2P streaming, Multiple state video coding, Multiple description coding (MDC)


Lu Meng-ting, Lin Chang-kuan, Yao Jason, Chen Homer H.. Multiple description coding with spatial-temporal hybrid interpolation for video streaming in peer-to-peer networks[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(5): 894~899.

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Abstract: 
In this paper, we present an innovative design of multiple description coding with spatial-temporal hybrid interpolation (MDC-STHI) for peer-to-peer (P2P) video streaming. MDC can be effective in P2P networks because the nature of overlay routing makes path diversity more feasible. However, most MDC schemes require a redesign of video coding systems and are not cost-effective for wide deployment. We base our work on multiple state video coding, a form of MDC that can utilize standard codecs. Two quarter-sized video bit streams are generated as redundancies and embedded in the original-sized streams. With MDC-STHI, the nodes in P2P network can adjust the streaming traffic to satisfy the constraints of their devices and network environment. By design, the redundancies are used to compensate for missing frames, and can also be streamed independently to fulfill certain needs of low rate, low resolution applications. For better error concealment, optimal weights for spatial and temporal interpolation are determined at the source, quantized, and included in redundancies.

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Reference

[1] Apostolopoulos, J.G., 1999. Error-resilient Video Compression via Multiple State Streams. Proc. International Workshop on Very Low Bitrate Video Coding (VLBV’99), p.168-171.

[2] Apostolopoulos, J.G., 2001. Reliable Video Communication over Lossy Packet Networks Using Multiple State Encoding and Path Diversity. Proc. of Visual Communications and Image Processing (VCIP) 2001, 4310:392-409.

[3] Jiang, X., Dong, Y., Xu, D., Bhargava, B., 2003. GnuStream: a P2P Media Streaming System Prototype. Proc. International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME) 2003.

[4] Khan, S., Schollmeier, R., Seinbach, E., 2004. A Performance Comparison of Multiple Description Video Streaming in Peer-to-Peer and Content Delivery Networks. Proc. International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME).

[5] Padmanabhan, V.N., Wang, H.J., Chou, P.A., 2003. Resilient Peer-to-Peer Streaming. Proc. IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols, p.240-247.

[6] Tran, D.A., Hua, K.A., Do, T.T., 2004. A peer-to-peer architecture for media streaming. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 22(1):121-133.

[7] Zhang, G., Stevenson, R.L., 2004. Efficient Error Recovery for Multiple Description Video Coding. Proc. of International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) 2004, p.829-832.

[8] Zhang, X., Liu, J., Li, B., Yum, T.S.P., 2005. DONet/Cool-Streaming: A Data-driven Overlay Network for Live Media Streaming. IEEE INFOCOM’05. Miami, FL, USA.

[9] Zink, M., Mauthe, A., 2004. P2P Streaming using Multiple Description Coded Video. Proc. Euromicro Conference, p.240-247.

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