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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.12 P.2118~2126

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.A2118


A three-level mobility management scheme for hierarchical mobile IPv6 networks


Author(s):  WAN Zheng, PAN Xue-zeng, CHEN Jian, CUI Yu-zeng

Affiliation(s):  School of Computer Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhengwan66@yahoo.com.cn

Key Words:  Mobile IPv6, Mobility management, Admission control, Load control


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WAN Zheng, PAN Xue-zeng, CHEN Jian, CUI Yu-zeng. A three-level mobility management scheme for hierarchical mobile IPv6 networks[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(12): 2118~2126.

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Abstract: 
Performance evaluation shows that Hierarchical mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) cannot outperform standard mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) in all scenarios. Thus, adaptive protocol selection under certain circumstances is desired. Moreover, it is necessary to balance the load among different Mobility Anchor Points (MAPs). This paper proposes an efficient three-level hierarchical architecture for mobility management in HMIPv6 networks, in which a mobile node (MN) may register with either a higher/lower MAP or its home agent according to its speed and the number of connecting correspondent nodes (CNs). An admission control algorithm and a replacement algorithm are introduced to achieve load balancing between two MAP levels and among different MAPs within the same MAP level. admission control is based on the number of CNs but not MNs that an MAP serves. In case there is no capacity for an MN, the MAP chooses an existing MN to be replaced. The replaced MN uses the MAP selection algorithm again to choose another mobility agent. Simulation results showed that the proposed scheme achieves better performance not only in reducing the signaling overhead, but also in load balancing among different MAPs.

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Reference

[1] Bandai, M., Sasase, I., 2003. A Load Balancing Mobility Management for Multilevel Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Networks. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Communications (PIMRC), IEEE Press, Beijing, p.460-464.

[2] Bettstetter, C., 2001. Smooth is Better than Sharp: A Random Mobility Model for Simulation of Wireless Networks. Proceedings of ACM International Workshop on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems (MSWiM), ACM Press, Rome, p.19-27.

[3] Hwang, S.H., Lee, B.K., Han, Y.H., Hwang, C.S., 2003. An Adaptive Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 with Route Optimization. Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC), IEEE Press, Jeju, p.1502-1506.

[4] Johnson, D., Perkins, C., Arkko, J., 2004. Mobility Support in IPv6. RFC 3775.

[5] Kawano, K., Kinoshita, K., Murakami, K., 2002. A mobility-based terminal management in IPv6 networks. IEICE Trans. on Communications, E85-B(10):2090-2099.

[6] Kawano, K., Kinoshita, K., Murakami, K., 2004a. A study on estimation of mobility of terminals for hierarchical mobility management scheme. IEICE Trans. on Communications, E87-B(9):2557-2566.

[7] Kawano, K., Kinoshita, K., Murakami, K., 2004b. Multilevel Hierarchical Mobility Management Scheme in Complicated Structured Networks. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN), IEEE Press, Tampa, p.34-41.

[8] Kumagai, T., Asaka, T., Takahashi, T., 2004. Location Management Using Mobile History for Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Networks. Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), IEEE Press, Dallas, p.1585-1589.

[9] Pack, S., Kwon, T., Choi, Y., 2004. A Mobility-based Load Control Scheme at Mobility Anchor Point in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Networks. Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), IEEE Press, Dallas, p.3431-3435.

[10] Peng, X.H., Zhang, H.K., Hu, J.C., Zhang, S.D., 2003. Modeling in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 and Intelligent Mobility Management Scheme. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, Mobile Radio Communication (PIMRC), IEEE Press, Beijing, p.2823-2827.

[11] Perez-Costa, X., Torrent-Moreno, M., Hartenstein, H., 2003a. A performance comparison of mobile IPv6, hierarchical mobile IPv6, fast handovers for mobile IPv6 and their combination. ACM Mobile Computing and Communications Review (MC2R), 7(4):5-19.

[12] Perez-Costa, X., Torrent-Moreno, M., Hartenstein, H., 2003b. A Performance Study of Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 from a System Perspective. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), IEEE Press, Anchorage, p.468-474.

[13] Soliman, H., Castelluccia, C., El-Malki, K., Bellier, L., 2005. Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Mobility Management. RFC 4140.

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