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CLC number: TN919.8

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Received: 2005-11-26

Revision Accepted: 2006-02-16

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.100 P.19~26


RTP-based broadcast streaming of high definition H.264/AVC video: an error robustness evaluation

Author(s):  Hillestad Odd Inge, Jetlund Ola, Perkis Andrew

Affiliation(s):  Centre for Quantifiable Quality of Service in Communication Systems, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim N-7491, Norway

Corresponding email(s):   hillesta@q2s.ntnu.no, jetlund@q2s.ntnu.no, Andrew@q2s.ntnu.no

Key Words:  H.264/AVC, Video streaming, Error robustness

Hillestad Odd Inge, Jetlund Ola, Perkis Andrew. RTP-based broadcast streaming of high definition H.264/AVC video: an error robustness evaluation[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(100): 19~26.

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In this work, we present an evaluation of the performance and error robustness of RTP-based broadcast streaming of high-quality high-definition (HD) h.264/AVC video. Using a fully controlled IP test bed (Hillestad et al., 2005), we broadcast high-definition video over RTP/UDP, and use an IP network emulator to introduce a varying amount of randomly distributed packet loss. A high-performance network interface monitoring card is used to capture the video packets into a trace file. Purpose-built software parses the trace file, analyzes the RTP stream and assembles the correctly received NAL units into an h.264/AVC Annex B byte stream file, which is subsequently decoded by JVT JM 10.1 reference software. The proposed measurement setup is a novel, practical and intuitive approach to perform error resilience testing of real-world h.264/AVC broadcast applications. Through a series of experiments, we evaluate some of the error resilience features of the h.264/AVC standard, and see how they perform at packet loss rates from 0.01% to 5%. The results confirmed that an appropriate slice partitioning scheme is essential to have a graceful degradation in received quality in the case of packet loss. While flexible macroblock ordering reduces the compression efficiency about 1 dB for our test material, reconstructed video quality is improved for loss rates above 0.25%.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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