Full Text:   <2779>

CLC number: TG501.1

On-line Access: 2010-08-02

Received: 

Revision Accepted: 

Crosschecked: 2010-07-19

Cited: 10

Clicked: 3379

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2010 Vol.11 No.8 P.587-595

10.1631/jzus.A0900776


Tool wear criterion, tool life, and surface roughness during high-speed end milling Ti-6Al-4V alloy


Author(s):  Song Zhang, Jian-feng Li

Affiliation(s):  MOE, Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China

Corresponding email(s):   zhangsong@sdu.edu.cn, ljf@sdu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Tool wear, Surface topography, Surface roughness, Optimal flank wear criterion


Song Zhang, Jian-feng Li. Tool wear criterion, tool life, and surface roughness during high-speed end milling Ti-6Al-4V alloy[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2010, 11(8): 587-595.

@article{title="Tool wear criterion, tool life, and surface roughness during high-speed end milling Ti-6Al-4V alloy",
author="Song Zhang, Jian-feng Li",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="11",
number="8",
pages="587-595",
year="2010",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A0900776"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Tool wear criterion, tool life, and surface roughness during high-speed end milling Ti-6Al-4V alloy
%A Song Zhang
%A Jian-feng Li
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 11
%N 8
%P 587-595
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2010
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A0900776

TY - JOUR
T1 - Tool wear criterion, tool life, and surface roughness during high-speed end milling Ti-6Al-4V alloy
A1 - Song Zhang
A1 - Jian-feng Li
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 11
IS - 8
SP - 587
EP - 595
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2010
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A0900776


Abstract: 
The objective of the present research is to investigate the relationship among tool wear, surface topography, and surface roughness when high-speed end milling Ti-6Al-4V alloy, and also to define an optimal flank wear criterion for the cutting tool to integrate tool life and the surface roughness requirements of the finish milling process. An annealed Ti-6Al-4V alloy was selected as the workpiece material, undergoing end milling with uncoated carbide inserts. The flank wear of the insert was observed and measured with the toolmaker’s microscope. To examine machined surfaces, 3D surface topography was provided by the white light interferometer, and the arithmetical mean roughness (Ra) was calculated with the WYKO Vision32 software. The flank wear increases with cutting time, and the maximal flank wear is set as the flank wear criterion. As the cutting process progresses, tool wear is the predominant factor affecting the variation of surface roughness. According to the plots for the tool wear propagation and surface roughness variation, an optimal flank wear criterion can be defined which integrates the tool life and the surface roughness requirements for the finish milling process.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]Amin, A.K.M.N., Ismail, A.F., Khairusshima, M.K.N., 2007. Effectiveness of uncoated WC-Co and PCD inserts in end milling of titanium alloy—Ti-6Al-4V. Journal of Materials of Processing Technology, 192-193:147-158.

[2]Corduan, N., Hirnbert, T., Poulachon, G., Dessoly, M., Lambertin, M., Vigneau, J., Payoux, B., 2003. Wear mechanisms of new tool materials for Ti-6Al-4V high performance machining. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 52(1):73-76.

[3]Ezugwu, E.O., Wang, Z.M., 1997. Titanium alloy and their machinability—a review. Journal of Materials of Processing Technology, 68(3):262-274.

[4]Ginting, A., Nouari, M., 2009. Surface integrity of dry machined titanium alloys. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 49(3-4):325-332.

[5]ISO 8688-2, 1989. Tool Life Testing in Milling—Part 2: End-milling. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland.

[6]Jung, T.S., Yang, M.Y., Lee, K.J., 2005. A new approach to analysing machined surfaces by ball-end milling, part I: Formulation of characteristic lines of cut remainder. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 25(9-10):833-840.

[7]Li, C.G., Dong, S., Zhang, G.X., 2000. Evaluation of the anisotropy of machined 3D surface topography. Wear, 237(2):211-216.

[8]Mativenga, P.T., Hon, K.K.B., 2003. A study of cutting forces and surface finish in high-speed machining of AISI H13 tool steel using carbide tools with TiAlN based coatings. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 217(2):143-151.

[9]Oraby, S.E., Alaskari, A.M., 2008. Surface topography assessment techniques based on an in-process monitoring approach of tool wear and cutting force signature. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 15:221-230.

[10]Rahman, M., Wang, Z.G., Wong, Y.S., 2006. A review on high-speed machining of titanium alloys. JSME International Journal, Series C, 49(1):11-20.

[11]Stephenson, D.A., Agapiou, J.S., 2005. Metal Cutting Theory and Practice (2nd Ed.). Taylor & Francis, New York, USA, p.552-557.

[12]Sun, J., Guo, Y.B., 2009. A comprehensive experimental study on surface integrity by end milling Ti-6Al-4V. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209(8):4036-4042.

[13]Toh, C.K., 2004. Surface topography analysis in high speed finish milling inclined hardened steel. Precision Engineering, 28(4):386-389.

[14]Udupa, G., Singaperumal, M., Sirohi, R.S., Kothiyal, M.P., 2000. Characterization of surface topography by confocal microscopy, part I: Principles and the measurement system. Measurement Science and Technology, 11(3):305-314.

[15]Venugopal, K.A., Paul, S., Chattopadhyay, A.B., 2007. Growth of tool wear in turning of Ti-6Al-4V alloy under cryogenic cooling. Wear, 262(9-10):1071-1078.

[16]Zhang, S., Guo, Y.B., 2009. Taguchi method based process space for optimal surface topography by finish hard milling. ASME, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 131(5):051003.

[17]Zoya, Z.A., Krishnamurthy, R., 2000. The performance of CBN tools in the machining of titanium alloys. Journal of Materials of Processing Technology, 100(1-3):80-86.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE