Full Text:   <930>

Summary:  <473>

CLC number: TU41

On-line Access: 2015-03-04

Received: 2014-08-27

Revision Accepted: 2014-12-23

Crosschecked: 2015-02-26

Cited: 1

Clicked: 1827

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Xiang-yu Shang


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2015 Vol.16 No.3 P.171-181


Stress-dependent undrained shear behavior of remolded deep clay in East China

Author(s):  Xiang-yu Shang, Guo-qing Zhou, Yong Lu

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   xyshang@cumt.edu.cn

Key Words:  Deep clay, High pressure, Undrained triaxial compression, Stress-dependent behavior

Share this article to: More |Next Article >>>

Xiang-yu Shang, Guo-qing Zhou, Yong Lu. Stress-dependent undrained shear behavior of remolded deep clay in East China[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2015, 16(3): 171-181.

@article{title="Stress-dependent undrained shear behavior of remolded deep clay in East China",
author="Xiang-yu Shang, Guo-qing Zhou, Yong Lu",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Stress-dependent undrained shear behavior of remolded deep clay in East China
%A Xiang-yu Shang
%A Guo-qing Zhou
%A Yong Lu
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 16
%N 3
%P 171-181
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2015
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1400255

T1 - Stress-dependent undrained shear behavior of remolded deep clay in East China
A1 - Xiang-yu Shang
A1 - Guo-qing Zhou
A1 - Yong Lu
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 16
IS - 3
SP - 171
EP - 181
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2015
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1400255

Consolidated-isotropically undrained triaxial compression (CIUC) tests were performed on the reconstituted deep clay from a mine in East China. It was consolidated to maximum stresses in the range of 0.3–2.6 MPa. The test results show that the stress-strain-strength properties of the clay during undrained shear are significantly stress-dependent. In particular, in the case of high consolidation pressure, the post-peak drop in strength on stress-strain curves and shear plane in soil specimens are more evident, the peak stress ratio and the axial strain at which this ratio was reached are smaller, and the relationship between pore pressure and axial strain is also significantly different from that for the case of low consolidation pressure. The environmental scanning electron microscope observations and micro analysis lead to an understanding of the physical mechanisms underlying the above stress-dependent mechanical behavior. In addition, the CIUC behaviors of the studied clay are discussed in the context of critical state soil mechanics.


创新点:1. 揭示重塑黏土的固结不排水剪切应力应变行为显著依赖固结应力水平的特点;2. 发现上述与应力水平相关的应力应变响应与黏土微观结构等密切相关。
方法:1. 开展重塑深部黏土不同压力水平下(表2)的三轴等向固结不排水剪切试验;2. 利用环境扫描电镜获得的颗粒结构特征,从微观结构角度揭示与压力相关的应力-应变、强度与孔隙水压响应的内在机理;3. 在临界土力学框架内讨论高压下重塑深部黏土的临界状态特征(图13和14)。
结论:1. 固结压力水平对重塑黏土的应力-应变-强度特性有显著影响;2. 随着固结压力的增加,软化现象和局部剪切带逐渐明显(图2和5),峰值应力以及相应轴向应变则不断减小(图8和9);3. 在大于2 MPa的高压固结不排水试验中,其孔隙水压/轴向应变曲线明显不同于常压(图3);4. 上述与压力相关的力学性质均与黏土微观结构相关(图6和12);5. 高压下黏土难以达到所谓的临界状态。


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Abdulhadi, N.O., Germaine, J.T., Whittle, A.J., 2012. Stress-dependent behavior of saturated clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 49(8):907-916.

[2]Anandarajah, A., 2000. On influence of fabric anisotropy on the stress-strain behavior of clays. Computers & Geotechnics, 27(1):1-17.

[3]Bai, X., Smart, P., 1997. Change in microstructure of kaolin in consolidation and undrained shear. Geotechnique, 47(5):1009-1017.

[4]Bishop, A.W., Henkel, D.J., 1962. The Measurement of Soil Properties in the Triaxial Test, 2nd Edition. Edward Arnold, London.

[5]Cui, G.X., 2003. Loading of shaft lining for deep alluvium. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 25(3):294-298 (in Chinese).

[6]Germaine, J.T., Ladd, C.C., 1988. State-of-the-art paper: triaxial testing methods of saturated cohesive soils. In: Donaghe, R.T., Chaney, R.C., Silver, M.L. (Eds.), Advanced Triaxial Testing of Soil and Rock, ASTM STP 977, ASTM, Philadelphia, p.421-459.

[7]Graham, J., Saadat, F., Gray, M.N., 1990. High-pressure triaxial testing on the Canadian reference buffer material. Engineering Geology, 28(3-4):391-403.

[8]Graham, J., Oswell, J.M., Gray, M.N., 1992. The effective stress concept in saturated sand-clay buffer. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 29(6):1033-1043.

[9]Hicher, P.Y., Wahyudi, D., Tessier, D., 2000. Microstructural analysis of inherent and induced anisotropy in clay. Mechanics of Cohesive-Frictional Materials, 5(5):341-371.

[10]Hight, D.W., 1982. A simple piezometer probe for the routine measurement of pore pressure in triaxial tests on saturated soils. Geotechnique, 32(4):396-401.

[11]Kamruzzaman, A.H.M., Chew, S.H., Lee, F.H., 2009. Structuration and destructuration behavior of cement-treated Singapore marine clay. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 135(4):573-589.

[12]Li, W.P., Li, X.Q., 2005. Mechanism of rupture of shaft linings in coal mine areas buried by thick over-soils in East China. Geotechnique, 55(3):237-244.

[13]Ma, J.R., Qin, Y., Zhou, G.Q., 2008. Research on triaxial shear properties of clay under high pressures. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, 37(2):176-179 (in Chinese).

[14]Marcial, D., Delage, P., Cui, Y.J., 2002. On the high stress compression of bentonites. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 39(4):812-820.

[15]Mitchell, J., Soga, K., 2005. Fundamentals of Soil Behavior. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.

[16]MWR (Ministry of Water Resources), 1999a. Specification of Soil Tests, SL 237-1999. National Standards of People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[17]MWR (Ministry of Water Resources), 1999b. Standard for Soil test Method, GB/T 50123-1999. National Standards of People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[18]Schofield, A.N., Wroth, C.P., 1968. Critical State Soil Mechanics. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

[19]Shang, X.Y., Zhou, G.Q., Kuang, L.F., et al., 2015. Compressibility of deep clay in East China subjected to a wide range of consolidation stresses. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 52(2):244-250.

[20]Skempton, A.W., 1985. Residual strength of clays in land-slides, folded strata and the laboratory. Geotechnique, 35(1):3-18.

[21]Wood, D.M., 1990. Soil Behaviour and Critical State Soil Mechanics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[22]Xu, Y.C., 2004. Mechanics characteristics of deep saturated clay. Journal of China Coal Society, 29(1):27-30 (in Chinese).

[23]Zhang, Z.M., 2011. Achievements and problems of geotechnical engineering investigation in China. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 12(2):87-102.

[24]Zhao, X.D., Zhou, G.Q., Wang, B., 2009. Study of the stress paths tests for the deep reconstituted soils at high pressure. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, 38(4):471-475 (in Chinese).

[25]Zhou, L.Z., 2009. Study on Stress-path Behavior of Cohesive Soil under High Triaxial Pressure and Its Application. MS Thesis, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China (in Chinese).

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE