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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.1 P.46-51


Effect of small bowel preparation with simethicone on capsule endoscopy

Author(s):  You-hong FANG, Chun-xiao CHEN, Bing-ling ZHANG

Affiliation(s):  The Children’ more

Corresponding email(s):   zhbling@sina.com

Key Words:  Capsule endoscopy, Bowel preparation, Simethicone, Polyethylene glycol (PEG), Visualization, Air bubbles

You-hong FANG, Chun-xiao CHEN, Bing-ling ZHANG. Effect of small bowel preparation with simethicone on capsule endoscopy[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(1): 46-51.

@article{title="Effect of small bowel preparation with simethicone on capsule endoscopy",
author="You-hong FANG, Chun-xiao CHEN, Bing-ling ZHANG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of small bowel preparation with simethicone on capsule endoscopy
%A You-hong FANG
%A Chun-xiao CHEN
%A Bing-ling ZHANG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 10
%N 1
%P 46-51
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2009
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0820148

T1 - Effect of small bowel preparation with simethicone on capsule endoscopy
A1 - You-hong FANG
A1 - Chun-xiao CHEN
A1 - Bing-ling ZHANG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 10
IS - 1
SP - 46
EP - 51
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2009
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0820148

Background: capsule endoscopy is a novel non-invasive method for visualization of the entire small bowel. The diagnostic yield of capsule endoscopy depends on the quality of visualization of the small bowel mucosa and its complete passage through the small bowel. To date, there is no standardized protocol for bowel preparation before capsule endoscopy. The addition of simethicone in the bowel preparation for the purpose of reducing air bubbles in the intestinal lumen had only been studied by a few investigators. Methods: Sixty-four participants were randomly divided into two groups to receive a bowel preparation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution (Group 1) and both PEG solution and simethicone (Group 2). The PEG solution and simethicone were taken the night before and 20 min prior to capsule endoscopy, respectively. Frames taken in the small intestine were examined and scored for luminal bubbles by two professional capsule endoscopists. Gastric emptying time and small bowel transit time were also recorded. Results: simethicone significantly reduced luminal bubbles both in the proximal and distal small intestines. The mean time proportions with slight bubbles in the proximal and distal intestines in Group 2 were 97.1% and 99.0%, respectively, compared with 67.2% (P<0.001) and 68.8% (P<0.001) in Group 1. simethicone had no effect on mean gastric emptying time, 32.08 min in Group 2 compared with 30.88 min in Group 1 (P=0.868), but it did increase mean small intestinal transit time from 227.28 to 281.84 min (P=0.003). Conclusion: bowel preparation with both PEG and simethicone significantly reduced bubbles in the intestinal lumen and improved the visualization of the small bowel by capsule endoscopy without any side effects observed.

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