Full Text:   <1877>

CLC number: X712

On-line Access: 2013-07-04

Received: 2012-09-10

Revision Accepted: 2013-04-01

Crosschecked: 2013-06-17

Cited: 14

Clicked: 2912

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2013 Vol.14 No.7 P.650-658

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B12a0225


Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon produced from tea (Camellia sinensis L.) seed shells: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics studies


Author(s):  Jun-jie Gao, Ye-bo Qin, Tao Zhou, Dong-dong Cao, Ping Xu, Danielle Hochstetter, Yue-fei Wang

Affiliation(s):  Department of Tea Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zdxp@zju.edu.cn, tyfwang@gmail.com

Key Words:  Activated carbon, Adsorption, Tea seed shells, Methylene blue


Share this article to: More <<< Previous Article|

Jun-jie Gao, Ye-bo Qin, Tao Zhou, Dong-dong Cao, Ping Xu, Danielle Hochstetter, Yue-fei Wang. Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon produced from tea (Camellia sinensis L.) seed shells: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics studies[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2013, 14(7): 650-658.

@article{title="Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon produced from tea (Camellia sinensis L.) seed shells: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics studies",
author="Jun-jie Gao, Ye-bo Qin, Tao Zhou, Dong-dong Cao, Ping Xu, Danielle Hochstetter, Yue-fei Wang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="14",
number="7",
pages="650-658",
year="2013",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B12a0225"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon produced from tea (Camellia sinensis L.) seed shells: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics studies
%A Jun-jie Gao
%A Ye-bo Qin
%A Tao Zhou
%A Dong-dong Cao
%A Ping Xu
%A Danielle Hochstetter
%A Yue-fei Wang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 14
%N 7
%P 650-658
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2013
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B12a0225

TY - JOUR
T1 - Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon produced from tea (Camellia sinensis L.) seed shells: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics studies
A1 - Jun-jie Gao
A1 - Ye-bo Qin
A1 - Tao Zhou
A1 - Dong-dong Cao
A1 - Ping Xu
A1 - Danielle Hochstetter
A1 - Yue-fei Wang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 14
IS - 7
SP - 650
EP - 658
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2013
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B12a0225


Abstract: 
Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) seed shells, the main byproduct of the manufacture of tea seed oil, were used as precursors for the preparation of tea activated carbon (TAC) in the present study. A high yield (44.1%) of TAC was obtained from tea seed shells via a one-step chemical method using ZnCl2 as an agent. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and the total pore volumes of the obtained TAC were found to be 1530.67 mg2/g and 0.7826 cm3/g, respectively. The equilibrium adsorption results were complied with Langmuir isotherm model and its maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 324.7 mg/g for methylene blue. adsorption kinetics studies indicated that the pseudo-second-order model yielded the best fit for the kinetic data. An intraparticle diffusion model suggested that the intraparticle diffusion was not the only rate-controlling step. Thermodynamics studies revealed the spontaneous and exothermic nature of the sorption process. These results indicate that tea seed shells could be utilized as a renewable resource to develop activated carbon which is a potential adsorbent for methylene blue.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]Aksu, Z., 2005. Application of biosorption for the removal of organic pollutants: a review. Process Biochem., 40(3-4):997-1026.

[2]Altenor, S., Carene, B., Emmanuel, E., Lambert, J., Ehrhardt, J.J., Gaspard, S., 2009. Adsorption studies of methylene blue and phenol onto vetiver roots activated carbon prepared by chemical activation. J. Hazard. Mat., 165(1-3):1029-1039.

[3]Attia, A.A., Girgis, B.S., Fathy, N.A., 2008. Removal of methylene blue by carbons derived from peach stones by H3PO4 activation: batch and column studies. Dyes Pigments, 76(1):282-289.

[4]Avelar, F.F., Bianchi, M.L., Gonçalves, M., da Mota, E.G., 2010. The use of piassava fibers (Attalea funifera) in the preparation of activated carbon. Bioresource Technol., 101(12):4639-4645.

[5]Azevedo, D., Araujo, J., Bastos-Neto, M., Torres, A.E.B., Jaguaribe, E.F., Cavalcante, C.L., 2007. Microporous activated carbon prepared from coconut shells using chemical activation with zinc chloride. Microp. Mesop. Mat., 100(1-3):361-364.

[6]Baccar, R., Bouzid, J., Feki, M., Montiel, A., 2009. Preparation of activated carbon from Tunisian olive-waste cakes and its application for adsorption of heavy metal ions. J. Hazard. Mat., 162(2-3):1522-1529.

[7]Baccar, R., Blánquez, P., Bouzid, J., Feki, M., Sarrà, M., 2010. Equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies on adsorption of commercial dye by activated carbon derived from olive-waste cakes. Chem. Eng. J., 165(2):457-464.

[8]Boudrahem, F., Soualah, A., Aissani-Benissad, F., 2011. Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal from aqueous solutions using activated carbon developed from coffee residue activated with phosphoric acid and zinc chloride. J. Chem. Eng. Data, 56(5):1946-1955.

[9]Chandra, T.C., Mirna, M., Sudaryanto, Y., Ismadji, S., 2007. Adsorption of basic dye onto activated carbon prepared from durian shell: studies of adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. Chem. Eng. J., 127(1-3):121-129.

[10]Chen, Y., Zhu, Y., Wang, Z., Li, Y., Wang, L., Ding, L., Gao, X., Ma, Y., Guo, Y., 2011. Application studies of activated carbon derived from rice husks produced by chemical-thermal process—a review. Adv. Colloid Interf. Sci., 163(1):39-52.

[11]Demiral, H., Gündüzoğlu, G., 2010. Removal of nitrate from aqueous solutions by activated carbon prepared from sugar beet bagasse. Bioresource Technol., 101(6):1675-1680.

[12]Demirbas, A., 2009. Oil from tea seed by supercritical fluid extraction. Energy Sources, Part A, 31(3):217-222.

[13]Demirbas, E., Kobya, M., Sulak, M., 2008. Adsorption kinetics of a basic dye from aqueous solutions onto apricot stone activated carbon. Bioresource Technol., 99(13):5368-5373.

[14]Demirbas, E., Dizge, N., Sulak, M., Kobya, M., 2009. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium of copper from aqueous solutions using hazelnut shell activated carbon. Chem. Eng. J., 148(2-3):480-487.

[15]Deng, H., Yang, L., Tao, G., Dai, J., 2009. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from cotton stalk by microwave assisted chemical activation—application in methylene blue adsorption from aqueous solution. J. Hazard. Mat., 166(2):1514-1521.

[16]Dural, M.U., Cavas, L., Papageorgiou, S.K., Katsaros, F.K., 2011. Methylene blue adsorption on activated carbon prepared from Posidonia oceanica (L.) dead leaves: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Chem. Eng. J., 168(1):77-85.

[17]Foo, K., Hameed, B., 2011a. Microwave-assisted preparation and adsorption performance of activated carbon from biodiesel industry solid reside: influence of operational parameters. Bioresource Technol., 103(1):398-404.

[18]Foo, K., Hameed, B., 2011b. Preparation of activated carbon from date stones by microwave induced chemical activation: application for methylene blue adsorption. Chem. Eng. J., 170(1):338-341.

[19]Foo, K., Hameed, B., 2011c. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from sunflower seed oil residue via microwave assisted K2CO3 activation. Bioresource Technol., 102(20):9794-9799.

[20]Foo, K., Hameed, B., 2011d. Preparation of oil palm (Elaeis) empty fruit bunch activated carbon by microwave-assisted KOH activation for the adsorption of methylene blue. Desalination, 275(1-3):302-305.

[21]Gupta, V., 2009. Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. J. Environm. Manag., 90(8):2313-2342.

[22]Hall, K., Eagleton, L., Acrivos, A., Vermeulen, T., 1966. Pore-and solid-diffusion kinetics in fixed-bed adsorption under constant-pattern conditions. Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 5(2):212-223.

[23]Hameed, B., Salman, J., Ahmad, A., 2009. Adsorption isotherm and kinetic modeling of 2,4-d pesticide on activated carbon derived from date stones. J. Hazard. Mat., 163(1):121-126.

[24]Han, R., Ding, D., Xu, Y., Zou, W., Wang, Y., Li, Y., Zou, L., 2008. Use of rice husk for the adsorption of Congo red from aqueous solution in column mode. Bioresource Technol., 99(8):2938-2946.

[25]Kalderis, D., Bethanis, S., Paraskeva, P., Diamadopoulos, E., 2008. Production of activated carbon from bagasse and rice husk by a single-stage chemical activation method at low retention times. Bioresource Technol., 99(15):6809-6816.

[26]Kula, I., Uğurlu, M., Karaoğlu, H., Çelikc, A., 2008. Adsorption of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions using activated carbon prepared from olive stone by ZnCl2 activation. Bioresource Technol., 99(3):492-501.

[27]Kumar, P.S., Ramalingam, S., Sathishkumar, K., 2011. Removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from cashew nut shell as a new low-cost adsorbent. Korean J. Chem. Eng., 28(1):149-155.

[28]Kyzas, G.Z., Lazaridis, N.K., Mitropoulos, A.C., 2012. Removal of dyes from aqueous solutions with untreated coffee residues as potential low-cost adsorbents: equilibrium, reuse and thermodynamic approach. Chem. Eng. J., 189-190:148-159.

[29]Li, K., Wang, X., 2009. Adsorptive removal of Pb(II) by activated carbon prepared from Spartina alterniflora: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Bioresource Technol., 100(11):2810-2815.

[30]Li, Y., Du, Q., Wang, X., Zhang, P., Wang, D., Wang, Z., Xia, Y., 2010. Removal of lead from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from Enteromorpha prolifera by zinc chloride activation. J. Hazard. Mat., 183(1-3):583-589.

[31]Liu, Y., 2008. New insights into pseudo-second-order kinetic equation for adsorption. Colloids Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 320(1-3):275-278.

[32]Lorenc-Grabowska, E., Gryglewicz, G., 2007. Adsorption characteristics of Congo red on coal-based mesoporous activated carbon. Dyes Pigments, 74(1):34-40.

[33]Ma, J., Jia, Y., Jing, Y., Yao, Y., Sun, J., 2011. Kinetics and thermodynamics of methylene blue adsorption by cobalt-hectorite composite. Dyes Pigments, 93(1-3):1441-1446.

[34]Mohanty, K., Jha, M., Meikap, B., Biswas, M., 2005. Preparation and characterization of activated carbons from Terminalia arjuna nut with zinc chloride activation for the removal of phenol from wastewater. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44(11):4128-4138.

[35]Nal, Y., 2006. Kinetics of adsorption of dyes from aqueous solution using activated carbon prepared from waste apricot. J. Hazard. Mat., 137(3):1719-1728.

[36]Njoku, V., Hameed, B., 2011. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from corncob by chemical activation with H3PO4 for 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid adsorption. Chem. Eng. J., 173(2):391-399.

[37]Ren, L., Zhang, J., Li, Y., Zhang, C., 2011. Preparation and evaluation of cattail fiber-based activated carbon for 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol removal. Chem. Eng. J., 168(2):553-561.

[38]Sahari, M.A., Ataii, D., Hamedi, M., 2004. Characteristics of tea seed oil in comparison with sunflower and olive oils and its effect as a natural antioxidant. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 81(6):585-588.

[39]Sun, K., Jiang, J.C., 2010. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from rubber-seed shell by physical activation with steam. Biomass Bioenergy, 34(4):539-544.

[40]Uçar, S., Erdem, M., Tay, T., Karagöz, S., 2009. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon produced from pomegranate seeds by ZnCl2 activation. Appl. Surf. Sci., 255(21):8890-8896.

[41]Wang, S., Boyjoo, Y., Choueib, A., Zhu, Z., 2005. Removal of dyes from aqueous solution using fly ash and red mud. Water Res., 39(1):129-138.

[42]Xiao, H., Peng, H., Deng, S., Yang, X., Zhang, Y., Li, Y., 2012. Preparation of activated carbon from edible fungi residue by microwave assisted K2CO3 activation—application in reactive black 5 adsorption from aqueous solution. Bioresource Technol., 111:127-133.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE