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On-line Access: 2023-11-06

Received: 2023-05-29

Revision Accepted: 2023-09-11

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B

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Unlocking the growth potential: Harnessing the power of synbiotics to enhance cultivation of Pleurotus spp.


Author(s):  Reshma PATIL, Aizi Nor Mazila RAMLI, Ang Shu XUAN, Ng Zhi XIN, Nur Izyan Wan AZELEE, Prakash BHUYAR

Affiliation(s):  Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah (UMPSA), Lebuhraya Tun Abdul Razak, 26300, Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia; more

Corresponding email(s):  aizinor@umpsa.edu.my

Key Words:  Antioxidant; Biofertilizer; Growth performance; Mushroom cultivation; Pleurototus; Synbiotics


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Reshma PATIL, Aizi Nor Mazila RAMLI, Ang Shu XUAN, Ng Zhi XIN, Nur Izyan Wan AZELEE, Prakash BHUYAR. Unlocking the growth potential: Harnessing the power of synbiotics to enhance cultivation of Pleurotus spp.[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B,in press.Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering,in press.https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B2300383

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Abstract: 
The oyster mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) is one of the most widely cultivated mushroom species globally. The present study investigated the effect of synbiotics on the growth and quality of P. osteratus and P. pulmonarius. Different synbiotics formulations were applied by spraying mushroom samples daily and measuring their growth parameters, yield, biological efficiency, proximate composition, mineral content, total phenolic content, and Diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity. Results demonstrated that the largest yield of oyster mushrooms was harvested from synbiotics sprayed with inulin and Lacticaseibacillus casei (56.92 g). Likewise, the highest percentage of biological efficiency obtained with a similar synbiotic was 12.65 %. The combination of inulin and L. casei was the most effective, improving the mushrooms' growth performance and nutrient content in both samples. Furthermore, synbiotics that combined inulin and L. casei resulted in the highest total phenolic content (TPC: 20.55 mg GAE/g) in grey oyster mushroom (P. osteratus), while in white mushroom (P. pulmonarius) the highest TPC was yielded by L. casei (1.098 mg GAE/g DE) followed by inulin and L. casei (1.079 mg GAE/g DE). The DPPH results indicated that the oyster mushroom could act as an efficient antioxidant. The results revealed that the application of synbiotics improved the mushrooms’ quality by increasing their antioxidant capacity with higher amounts of phenolic compounds and offering better health benefits with the increased level of mineral elements. Together, these studies demonstrate the potential of using synbiotics as a biofertilizer that is useful for mushroom cultivation; therefore, it might be a solution to the challenge of inconsistent quality faced by mushroom growers.

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