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CLC number: TP277

On-line Access: 2024-05-06

Received: 2022-11-24

Revision Accepted: 2024-05-06

Crosschecked: 2023-08-06

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Longkai WANG


Yong LEI


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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2024 Vol.25 No.4 P.555-568


Availability evaluation of controller area networks under the influence of intermittent connection faults

Author(s):  Longkai WANG, Leiming ZHANG, Yong LEI

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   lkwang@zju.edu.cn, smezlm2010@126.com, ylei@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Controller area network, Intermittent connection fault, Arrival rate, Deterministic and stochastic Petri net, Availability evaluation

Longkai WANG, Leiming ZHANG, Yong LEI. Availability evaluation of controller area networks under the influence of intermittent connection faults[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2024, 25(4): 555-568.

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author="Longkai WANG, Leiming ZHANG, Yong LEI",
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%T Availability evaluation of controller area networks under the influence of intermittent connection faults
%A Longkai WANG
%A Leiming ZHANG
%A Yong LEI
%J Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
%V 25
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%P 555-568
%@ 2095-9184
%D 2024
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.2200592

T1 - Availability evaluation of controller area networks under the influence of intermittent connection faults
A1 - Longkai WANG
A1 - Leiming ZHANG
A1 - Yong LEI
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 25
IS - 4
SP - 555
EP - 568
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 2024
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.2200592

controller area networks (CANs), as one of the widely used fieldbuses in the industry, have been extended to the automation field with strict standards for safety and reliability. In practice, factors such as fatigue and insulation wear of the cables can cause intermittent connection (IC) faults to occur frequently in the CAN, which will affect the dynamic behavior and the safety of the system. Hence, quantitatively evaluating the performance of the CAN under the influence of IC faults is crucial to real-time health monitoring of the system. In this paper, a novel methodology is proposed for real-time quantitative evaluation of CAN availability when considering IC faults, with the system availability parameter being calculated based on the network state transition model. First, the causal relationship between IC fault and network error response is constructed, based on which the IC fault arrival rate is estimated. Second, the states of the network considering IC faults are analyzed, and the deterministic and stochastic Petri net (DSPN) model is applied to describe the transition relationship of the states. Then, the parameters of the DSPN model are determined and the availability of the system is calculated based on the probability distribution and physical meaning of markings in the DSPN model. A testbed is constructed and case studies are conducted to verify the proposed methodology under various experimental setups. Experimental results show that the estimation results obtained using the proposed method agree well with the actual values.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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