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Bio-Design and Manufacturing  2020 Vol.3 No.4 P.467~474

10.1631/jzus.2002.0467


Alteration of certain soil microbiological and biochemical indices of a paddy soil under anthropogenic stress


Author(s):  Abid Subhani, LIAO Min, HUANG Chang-Yong, XIE Zheng -miao

Affiliation(s):  College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Department of Resources Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China

Corresponding email(s):   asubhani786@yahoo.com

Key Words:  Electron transport system (ETS) activity, Phenol, Phospholipids, Protein, Pesticides, Submerged soil


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Abid Subhani, LIAO Min, HUANG Chang-Yong, XIE Zheng -miao. Alteration of certain soil microbiological and biochemical indices of a paddy soil under anthropogenic stress[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science D, 2020, 3(4): 467~474.

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author="Abid Subhani, LIAO Min, HUANG Chang-Yong, XIE Zheng -miao",
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volume="3",
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%A Abid Subhani
%A LIAO Min
%A HUANG Chang-Yong
%A XIE Zheng -miao
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE D
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%P 467~474
%@ 1869-1951
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2002.0467

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T1 - Alteration of certain soil microbiological and biochemical indices of a paddy soil under anthropogenic stress
A1 - Abid Subhani
A1 - LIAO Min
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A1 - XIE Zheng -miao
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science D
VL - 3
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SP - 467
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2002.0467


Abstract: 
A 21-day laboratory incubation experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of pesticides (insecticide, herbicide, fungicide) on paddy field soil health under controlled moisture (flooded soil) and temperature (25 °C) environment. The electron transport system (ETS)/Dehydrogenase activity showed negative correlation with pesticides concentrations, decreased with increase of pesticide concentration. The higher doses (5 to 10 times field rates) of pesticides significantly inhibited ETS activity, while lower rates failed to produce any significant reducing effect on the control. The toxicity of pesticides in decreasing the ETS activity was in the order: insecticide > fungicide > herbicide, irrespective of their rates of application. The pesticides increased the soil phenol content, which increased with increasing concentration of agrochemicals. The pesticide application did not produce any significant change in soil protein content. The response of biomass phospholipid content was nearly similar to that of ETS activity. The phospholipid content decreased with the addition of pesticides in the order insecticide > fungicide > herbicide and the toxicity was in the order: 10 FR (field rate) > 5 FR > 1.0 FR > 0.5 FR > control.

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