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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2005 Vol.6 No.3 P.155~157

10.1631/jzus.2005.B0155


Development of Pasteuria penetrans in Meloidogyne javanica females as affected by constantly high vs fluctuating temperature in an in-vivo system


Author(s):  DARBAN D.A., GOWEN S.R., PEMBROKE B., MAHAR A.N.

Affiliation(s):  Department of Agriculture, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, The University of Reading, UK

Corresponding email(s):   d_darban@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Pasteuria penetrans, Meloidogyne javanica, Development and tomato plants


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DARBAN D.A., GOWEN S.R., PEMBROKE B., MAHAR A.N.. Development of Pasteuria penetrans in Meloidogyne javanica females as affected by constantly high vs fluctuating temperature in an in-vivo system[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2005, 6(3): 155~157.

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Abstract: 
Growth room and glasshouse experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of constant and fluctuating temperatures on the development of Pasteuria penetrans a hyperparasite of root-knot nematodes. Tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) were inoculated with Meloidogyne javanica second-stage juveniles attached with endospores of P. penetrans and were grown in growth room at 26-29 °C and in glasshouse at 20-32 °C. The tomato plants were sampled from the growth room after 600 degree-days based on 17 °C/d, accumulating each day above a base temperature of 10 °C and from the glasshouse after 36 calendar days. Temperature affected the development of P. penetrans directly. The rate of development at constant temperature in growth room was faster than that in the glasshouse at fluctuating temperatures.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

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[3] Daudi, A.T., Channer, A.G., Ahmed, R., Gowen, S.R., 1990. Pasteuria penetrans as a biocontrol agent of Meloidogyne javanica in the field in malawi and in microplots in Pakistan. Proceedings of the British Crop Protection Conference, Pests and Diseases, 1:253-257.

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[6] Giannakou, I.O., Pembroke, B., Gowen, S.R., Davies, K.G., 1997. Effects of long-term storage and above normal temperatures on spore adhesion of Pasteuria penetrans and infection of the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyn javanica. Nematologica, 43:185-192.

[7] Giannakou, I.O., Pembroke, B., Gowen, S.R., Douloupaka, S., 1999. Effect of fluctuating temperature and different host plants on development of Pasteuria penetrans in Meloidogyne javanica. Journal of Nematology, 31(3):312-318.

[8] Hatz, B., Dickson, D.W., 1992. Effect of temperature on attachment, development and interactions of Pasteuria penetrans on Meloidogyne arenaria. Journal of Nematology, 24:512-521.

[9] Stirling, G.R., 1981. Effect of temperature on infection of Meloidogyne javanica by Bacillus penetrans. Nematologica, 27:458-462.

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[11] Trivino, C.G., Gowen, S.R., 1996. Deployment of Pasteuria penetrans for control of root-knot nematodes in Ecuador. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference, Pests and Diseases, 4:389-392.

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