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CLC number: TU992

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Received: 2008-03-24

Revision Accepted: 2008-06-17

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Cited: 11

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2008 Vol.9 No.11 P.1567~1575


Characterization of suspended solids and particle-bound heavy metals in a first flush of highway runoff

Author(s):  Fa-hui NIE, Tian LI, Hai-feng YAO, Man FENG, Guang-kai ZHANG

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   wyynfh@yahoo.com.cn

Key Words:  Heavy metals, Highway runoff, First flush, Suspended solids (SS)

Fa-hui NIE, Tian LI, Hai-feng YAO, Man FENG, Guang-kai ZHANG. Characterization of suspended solids and particle-bound heavy metals in a first flush of highway runoff[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2008, 9(11): 1567~1575.

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publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Characterization of suspended solids and particle-bound heavy metals in a first flush of highway runoff
%A Fa-hui NIE
%A Tian LI
%A Hai-feng YAO
%A Guang-kai ZHANG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
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%P 1567~1575
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A0820271

T1 - Characterization of suspended solids and particle-bound heavy metals in a first flush of highway runoff
A1 - Fa-hui NIE
A1 - Tian LI
A1 - Hai-feng YAO
A1 - Man FENG
A1 - Guang-kai ZHANG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 9
IS - 11
SP - 1567
EP - 1575
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A0820271

To investigate the dynamic characteristics of total suspended solids (TSS) and their particle-bound heavy metals in a first flush, the runoff sampling together with its flow rate measuring was conducted for three rainfall events at outfalls of highway in Shanghai from June to September 2007. Field samples were analyzed to determine the concentrations of TSS and particle-bound heavy metals, such as Zn, Pb, and Cu. Results show that the wash off behavior of TSS under varying runoff rate condition can be explained by different antecedent dry weather period (ADWP). Contribution of fine fraction (<45 μm) to TSS was generally higher than that of coarse fraction (>45 μm). When the runoff flow increased obviously, a significant contribution of the coarse fraction was observed for a certain rainfall events with long antecedent dry weather condition. The changes of total metals concentration and particle-bound metal concentrations were strongly dependent on the TSS variation. TSS was generally well correlated with most particulate-bound heavy metals. Of the heavy metals, the concentration of Zn was found considerably high and that of Pb was significantly low at North Zhongshan 2 Road, in Shanghai, China, but they are still within the range reported in the literature. Fluctuation of heavy metal contents in the coarse fraction during a first flush period was more significant compared with that in the fine fraction. The results will assist in the development of effective control strategies to minimize heavy metals and solids in highway runoff.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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