Full Text:   <3460>

CLC number: TP37

On-line Access: 

Received: 2005-09-12

Revision Accepted: 2006-02-13

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 3

Clicked: 5122

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.6 P.990-995


A rate control scheme for H.264 video under low bandwidth channel

Author(s):  YIN Ming, WANG Hong-yuan

Affiliation(s):  Department of Electronics and Information Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yinmhn@126.com

Key Words:  Video coding, H.264, Rate control, HRD, Bit allocation

YIN Ming, WANG Hong-yuan. A rate control scheme for H.264 video under low bandwidth channel[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(6): 990-995.

@article{title="A rate control scheme for H.264 video under low bandwidth channel",
author="YIN Ming, WANG Hong-yuan",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T A rate control scheme for H.264 video under low bandwidth channel
%A YIN Ming
%A WANG Hong-yuan
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 7
%N 6
%P 990-995
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2006
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.A0990

T1 - A rate control scheme for H.264 video under low bandwidth channel
A1 - YIN Ming
A1 - WANG Hong-yuan
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 7
IS - 6
SP - 990
EP - 995
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2006
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.A0990

The dilemma of the quantization parameter (QP) being involved in both rate control and rate-distortion optimization (RDO) prevents using the traditional rate control scheme. Although some rate control schemes are proposed to circumvent the dilemma, the inaccurate prediction model and improper bit allocation deter h.264 application on low bandwidth channel. To resolve this issue, this paper proposes a novel rate control scheme by considering the macroblock (MB) encoding complexity variation and buffer variation and by exploiting the spatio-temporal correlation sufficiently well. Simulations showed that this scheme improves the perceptual quality of the pictures with similar or smaller PSNR deviations when compared to that of rate control in JVT-O016.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] ISO/IEC 14496-10, 2003. Coding of Audiovisual Objects— Part 10: Advanced Video Coding.

[2] ITU-T Recommendation H.264, 2003. Advanced Video Coding for Generic Audiovisual Services.

[3] Jiang, M., Yi, X., Ling, N., 2004. Frame-Layer Bit Allocation Scheme for Constant Quality Video. IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo. Taipei.

[4] JVT Reference Software Version 9.6, 2005. Http://ftp3.itu.ch/av-arch/jvt-site/reference_software.

[5] Li, Z.G., Pan, F., Keng, P., et al., 2003a. Adaptive Basic Unit Layer Rate Control for JVT. Joint Video Team of ISO/IEC and ITU 7th Meeting, JVT-G012.

[6] Li, Z.G., Gao, W., Pan, F., 2003b. Adaptive Rate Control with HRD Consideration. Joint Video Team of ISO/IEC and ITU 8th Meeting, JVT-H014.

[7] Li, Z.G., Zhu, C., Ling, N., Yang, X.K., Feng, G.N., Wu, S., 2003c. A unified architecture for real-time video coding systems. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Tech., 13(6):472-487.

[8] Ma, S.W., Gao, W., Wu, F., Lu, Y., 2003. Rate Control for JVT Video Coding Scheme with HRD Considerations. Proceedings International Conference on Image and Processing. Spain, p.793-796.

[9] Netravail, A.N., Haskell, B.G., 1998. Digital Picture-Representation and Communication. Plenum Press.

[10] Ribas-Corbera, J., Lei, S., 1999. Rate control in DCT video coding for low-delay communication. IEEE Transaction on CSVT, 9(1):172-185.

[11] Song, H., Jay Kuo, C.C., 2001. Rate control for low-bit-rate video via variable-encoding frame rates. IEEE Transaction on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 11(4):512-521.

[12] Wiegand, T., 2002. Editor’s Proposed Draft Text Modifications for Joint Video Specification. Ftp://ftp.imtc-files.org/jvt-experts/2002-10Geneva/JVT-E146d7ncm.zip.

[13] Yin, P., Tourapis, H.Y.C., Tourapis, A.M., Boyce, J., 2003. Fast Mode Decision and Motion Estimation for H.264. ICIP2003.

[14] Yuan, W., Lin, S.X., Zhang, Y.D., et al., 2005. Optimum Bit Allocation and Rate Control for H.264/AVC. Joint Video Team of ISO/IEC and ITU 15th Meeting, JVT-O016.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE