Full Text:   <2976>

CLC number: TP391

On-line Access: 

Received: 2006-04-05

Revision Accepted: 2006-04-19

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 1

Clicked: 4711

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.7 P.1160-1167


Variable refractive index in environment matte

Author(s):  ZHAO Ming-tian, XIAO Shuang-jiu, YANG Xu-bo, MA Li-zhuang

Affiliation(s):  Digital Art Laboratory, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zamba@sjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Environment matting and compositing, Matte, Refractive index, Image-based rendering, Environment map

ZHAO Ming-tian, XIAO Shuang-jiu, YANG Xu-bo, MA Li-zhuang. Variable refractive index in environment matte[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(7): 1160-1167.

@article{title="Variable refractive index in environment matte",
author="ZHAO Ming-tian, XIAO Shuang-jiu, YANG Xu-bo, MA Li-zhuang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Variable refractive index in environment matte
%A ZHAO Ming-tian
%A XIAO Shuang-jiu
%A YANG Xu-bo
%A MA Li-zhuang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 7
%N 7
%P 1160-1167
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2006
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.A1160

T1 - Variable refractive index in environment matte
A1 - ZHAO Ming-tian
A1 - XIAO Shuang-jiu
A1 - YANG Xu-bo
A1 - MA Li-zhuang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 7
IS - 7
SP - 1160
EP - 1167
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2006
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.A1160

environment matting and compositing is a technique to extract a foreground object, including color, opacity, reflective and refractive properties, from a real-world scene, and synthesize new images by placing it into new environments. The description of the captured object is named environment matte. Recent matting and compositing techniques can produce quite realistic images for objects with complex optical properties. This paper presents an approximate method to transform the matte by simulating variation of the foreground object’s refractive index. Our algorithms can deal with achromatous-and-transparent objects and the experimental results are visually acceptable. Our idea and method can be applied to produce some special video effects, which could be very useful in film making, compared with the extreme difficulty of physically changing an object’s refractive index.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Born, M., Wolf, E., 1999. Principles of Optics, 7th (expended) Edition. Cambridge University Press.

[2] Chuang, Y.Y., 2004. New Models and Methods for Matting and Compositing. Ph.D Thesis, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Washington.

[3] Chuang, Y.Y., Zongker, D.E., Hindorff, J., Curless, B., Salesin, D.H., Szeliski, R., 2000. Environment Matting Extensions: Towards Higher Accuracy and Real-time Capture. Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH’00, p.121-130.

[4] Ding, Y.F., 2005. A Research on Environment Matting. MS Thesis, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

[5] Matusik, W., Pfister, H., Ngan, A., Beardsley, P., Ziegler, R., McMillan, L., 2002a. Image-based 3D Photography Using Opacity Hulls. Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH’02, p.427-437.

[6] Matusik, W., Pfister, H., Ziegler, R., Ngan, A., McMillan, L., 2002b. Acquisition and Rendering of Transparent and Refractive Objects. Proceedings of the 13th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, p.267-278.

[7] Peers, P., Dutré, P., 2003. Wavelet Environment Matting. Proceedings of the 14th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, p.157-166.

[8] Perona, P., Malik, J., 1990. Scale-space and edge detection using anisotropic diffusion. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell., 12(7):629-639.

[9] Smith, A.R., Blinn, J.F., 1996. Blue Screen Matting. Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH’96, p.259-268.

[10] Wexler, Y., Fitzgibbon, A.W., Zisserman, A., 2002. Image-based Environment Matting. Proceedings of the 13th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, p.279-290.

[11] Zhu, J., Yang, Y.H., 2004. Frequency-based Environment Matting. Proceedings of the Computer Graphics and Applications, 12th Pacific Conference on (PG’04), p.402-410.

[12] Zongker, D.E., Werner, D.M., Curless, B., Salesin, D.H., 1999. Environment Matting and Compositing. Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH’99, p.205-214.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


generic cialis@No address<ya.gomersimpson@yandex.com>

2011-02-18 02:28:36

Bravo what words... a magnificent idea

Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE