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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2006 Vol.7 No.11 P.849~857

10.1631/jzus.2006.B0849


Silicon’s organic pool and biological cycle in moso bamboo community of Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve


Author(s):  LI Zhen-ji, LIN Peng, HE Jian-yuan, YANG Zhi-wei, LIN Yi-ming

Affiliation(s):  College of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China; moreless

Corresponding email(s):   zhenjil@163.com

Key Words:  Phyllostachys heterocycla var. pubescens, Moso bamboo community, Silicon-accumulating, Silicon biological cycle, Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve


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LI Zhen-ji, LIN Peng, HE Jian-yuan, YANG Zhi-wei, LIN Yi-ming. Silicon’s organic pool and biological cycle in moso bamboo community of Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2006, 7(11): 849~857.

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author="LI Zhen-ji, LIN Peng, HE Jian-yuan, YANG Zhi-wei, LIN Yi-ming",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="7",
number="11",
pages="849~857",
year="2006",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.2006.B0849"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Silicon’s organic pool and biological cycle in moso bamboo community of Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve
%A LI Zhen-ji
%A LIN Peng
%A HE Jian-yuan
%A YANG Zhi-wei
%A LIN Yi-ming
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 7
%N 11
%P 849~857
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2006
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0849

TY - JOUR
T1 - Silicon’s organic pool and biological cycle in moso bamboo community of Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve
A1 - LI Zhen-ji
A1 - LIN Peng
A1 - HE Jian-yuan
A1 - YANG Zhi-wei
A1 - LIN Yi-ming
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 7
IS - 11
SP - 849
EP - 857
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2006
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0849


Abstract: 
Biomineralization of Si by plants into phytolith formation and precipitation of Si into clays during weathering are two important processes of silicon’s biogeochemical cycle. As a silicon-accumulating plant, the widely distributed and woody Phyllostachys heterocycla var. pubescens (moso bamboo) contributes to storing silicon by biomineralization and, thus, prevents eutrophication of nearby waterbodies through silicon’s erosion of soil particles. A study on the organic pool and biological cycle of silicon (Si) of the moso bamboo community was conducted in wuyishan Biosphere Reserve, China. The results showed that: (1) the standing crop of the moso bamboo community was 13355.4 g/m2, of which 53.61%, 45.82% and 0.56% are represented by the aboveground and belowground parts of moso bamboos, and the understory plants, respectively; (2) the annual net primary production of the community was 2887.1 g/(m2·a), among which the aboveground part, belowground part, litterfalls, and other fractions, accounted for 55.86%, 35.30%, 4.50% and 4.34%, respectively; (3) silicon concentration in stem, branch, leaf, base of stem, root, whip of bamboos, and other plants was 0.15%, 0.79%, 3.10%, 4.40%, 7.32%, 1.52% and 1.01%, respectively; (4) the total Si accumulated in the standing crop of moso bamboo community was 448.91 g/m2, with 99.83% of Si of the total community stored in moso bamboo populations; (5) within moso bamboo community, the annual uptake, retention, and return of Si were 95.75, 68.43, 27.32 g/(m2·a), respectively; (6) the turnover time of Si, which is the time an average atom of Si remains in the soil before it is recycled into the trees or shrubs, was 16.4 years; (7) the enrichment ratio of Si in the moso bamboo community, which is the ratio of the mean concentration of nutrients in the net primary production to the mean concentration of nutrients in the biomass of a community, was 0.64; and lastly, (8) moso bamboo plants stored about 1.26×1010 kg of silicon in the organic pool made up by the moso bamboo forests in the subtropical area of China.

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