Full Text:   <3135>

CLC number: S565.1

On-line Access: 

Received: 2006-04-17

Revision Accepted: 2006-05-24

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 5

Clicked: 5842

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2007 Vol.8 No.4 P.266-271


Synergistic interaction of NaCl and Cd on growth and photosynthetic parameters in soybean genotypes differing in salinity tolerance

Author(s):  WEI Kang, SHAMSI Imran Haider, ZHANG Guo-ping

Affiliation(s):  Department of Agronomy, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China

Corresponding email(s):   zhanggp@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), Salinity, Cadmium, Photosynthesis, Fluorescence

WEI Kang, SHAMSI Imran Haider, ZHANG Guo-ping. Synergistic interaction of NaCl and Cd on growth and photosynthetic parameters in soybean genotypes differing in salinity tolerance[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2007, 8(4): 266-271.

@article{title="Synergistic interaction of NaCl and Cd on growth and photosynthetic parameters in soybean genotypes differing in salinity tolerance",
author="WEI Kang, SHAMSI Imran Haider, ZHANG Guo-ping",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Synergistic interaction of NaCl and Cd on growth and photosynthetic parameters in soybean genotypes differing in salinity tolerance
%A WEI Kang
%A SHAMSI Imran Haider
%A ZHANG Guo-ping
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 8
%N 4
%P 266-271
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2007
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0266

T1 - Synergistic interaction of NaCl and Cd on growth and photosynthetic parameters in soybean genotypes differing in salinity tolerance
A1 - WEI Kang
A1 - SHAMSI Imran Haider
A1 - ZHANG Guo-ping
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 8
IS - 4
SP - 266
EP - 271
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2007
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0266

The effects of salinity (50 mmol/L NaCl) and Cd (1 μmol/L CdCl2) as sole and combined on growth and photosynthetic parameters were studied using two soybean genotypes, Huachun 18 and NGB. The concentrations of Cd2+, Zn2+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+ and Na+ were also determined in seeds and pods. Huachun 18 suffered a more serious decrease than NGB in net photosynthetic rate (Pn) in the treatments of salinity stress alone and combined stress (NaCl+Cd), showing that it is relatively sensitive to salinity. The decrease in Pn caused by salt stress in Huachun 18 was mainly due to the reduced total chlorophyll content and photosynthetic efficiency (the ratio of variable fluorescence to maximal fluorescence, Fv/Fm), whereas the decease in NGB was mainly related to reduced stomatal conductance (Gs). The combined stress of both Na and Cd did not induce further decrease in photosynthesis and fluorescence in the two genotypes relative to salt or Cd stress alone. Greater change in the pod concentrations of Zn2+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+ and Na+ was detected under salt stress for Huachun 18 than for NGB. The results suggested that the interactive effect of NaCl-Cd on growth and nutrient uptake differs between the two soybean genotypes.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Bingham, F.T., Sposito, G., Strong, J.E., 1984. The effect of chloride on the availability of cadmium. J. Environ. Qual., 13(1):71-74.

[2] Costa, G., Morel, J.L., 1993. Cadmium uptake by Lupinus albus (L.): cadmium excretion, a possible mechanism of cadmium tolerance. J. Plant Nutr., 16(10):1921-1929.

[3] Dražić, G., Mihailović, N., Stojanović, Z., 2004. Cadmium toxicity: the effect on macro- and micro-nutrient contents in soybean seedlings. Biologia Plantarum, 48(4):605-607.

[4] Helal, H.M., Upenov, A., Issa, G.J., 1999. Growth and uptake of Cd and Zn by Leucaena leucocephala in reclaimed soils as affected by NaCl salinity. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 162(6):589-592.

[5] Jalil, A., Selles, F., Clarke, J.M., 1994. Effect of cadmium on growth and the uptake of cadmium and other elements by durum wheat. J. Plant Nutr., 17(11):1839-1858.

[6] Kao, W.Y., Tsai, T.T., Shin, C.N., 2003. Photosynthetic gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence of three wild soybean species in response to NaCl treatments. Photosynthetica, 41(3):415-419.

[7] Leita, L., Nobili, M.D., 1991. Water-soluble fractions of heavy metals during composting of municipal solid waste. J. Environ. Qual., 20(1):73-78.

[8] McLaughlin, M.J., Tiller, K.G., Beech, T.A., Smart, M.K., 1994. Soil salinity causes elevated cadmium concentrations in field-grown potato tubers. J. Environ. Qual., 23(5):1013-1018.

[9] Moya, J.L., Ros, R., Picazo, I., 1993. Influence of cadmium and nickel on growth, net photosynthesis and carbohydrate distribution in rice plants. Photosyn. Res., 36(2):75-80.

[10] Mühling, H.K., Läuchli, A., 2003. Interaction of NaCl and Cd stress on compartmentation pattern of cations, antioxidant enzymes and proteins in leaves of two wheat genotypes differing in salt tolerance. Plant Soil, 253(1):219-231.

[11] Padmaja, K., Prasad, D.D.K., Prasad, A.R.K., 1990. Inhibition of chlorophyll synthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris Seedlings by cadmium acetate. Photosynthetica, 24(3):399-405.

[12] Parida, A.K., Das, A.B., Mittra, B., 2004. Effects of salt on growth, ion accumulation, photosynthesis and leaf anatomy of the mangrove, Bruguiera parviflora. Tree, 18(2):167-174.

[13] Pasternak, K., 1987. Salt tolerance and crop production. A comprehensive approach. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol., 25(1):271-291.

[14] Rhoades, J.D., Loveday, J., 1990. Salinity in Irrigated Agriculture. In: Steward, B.A., Neilsen, D.R. (Eds.), Irrigation of Agricultural Crops. ASA, CSSA, SSSA, p.1089-1142.

[15] Smolders, E., Lambrechts, R.M., McLaughlin, M.J., Tiller, K.G., 1997. Effect of soil solution chloride on Cd availability to Swiss chard. J. Environ. Qual., 27(2):426-431.

[16] Sudhir, P., Murthy, S.D.S., 2004. Effect of salt stress on basic processes of photosynthesis. Photosynthetica, 42(4):481-486.

[17] Szabolcs, I., 1989. Salt-Affected Soils. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

[18] Szabolcs, I., 1994. Soils and Salinization. In: Pessarakli, M. (Ed.), Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. Marcel Dekker, New York, p.3-11.

[19] Tanji, K.K., 1990. Nature and Extent of Agricultural Salinity. In: Tanji, K.K. (Ed.), Agricultural Salinity Assessment and Management. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, p.1-17.

[20] Weggler-Beaton, K., McLaughlin, M.J., Graham, R.D., 2000. Salinity increases cadmium uptake by wheat and Swiss chard from soil amended with biosolids. Aust. J. Soil Res., 38(1):37-45.

[21] Wu, F.B., Zhang, G.P., Yu, J.S., 2003. Genotypic differences in effect of Cd on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of barley. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 71(6):1272-1281.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE