Full Text:   <2567>

CLC number: X524

On-line Access: 2012-04-06

Received: 2011-07-25

Revision Accepted: 2011-10-27

Crosschecked: 2012-02-27

Cited: 11

Clicked: 4272

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2012 Vol.13 No.4 P.311-322

10.1631/jzus.A1100197


Environmental factors regulating cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in a subtropical lake within the Taihu watershed, China


Author(s):  Wan-min Ni, Jian-ying Zhang, Teng-da Ding, R. Jan Stevenson, Yin-mei Zhu

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   nwm1225@yahoo.com.cn, zjy@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Cyanobacteria, Microcystins, Eutrophication, Water quality, Taihu watershed


Share this article to: More <<< Previous Article|

Wan-min Ni, Jian-ying Zhang, Teng-da Ding, R. Jan Stevenson, Yin-mei Zhu. Environmental factors regulating cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in a subtropical lake within the Taihu watershed, China[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2012, 13(4): 311-322.

@article{title="Environmental factors regulating cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in a subtropical lake within the Taihu watershed, China",
author="Wan-min Ni, Jian-ying Zhang, Teng-da Ding, R. Jan Stevenson, Yin-mei Zhu",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="13",
number="4",
pages="311-322",
year="2012",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A1100197"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Environmental factors regulating cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in a subtropical lake within the Taihu watershed, China
%A Wan-min Ni
%A Jian-ying Zhang
%A Teng-da Ding
%A R. Jan Stevenson
%A Yin-mei Zhu
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 13
%N 4
%P 311-322
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1100197

TY - JOUR
T1 - Environmental factors regulating cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in a subtropical lake within the Taihu watershed, China
A1 - Wan-min Ni
A1 - Jian-ying Zhang
A1 - Teng-da Ding
A1 - R. Jan Stevenson
A1 - Yin-mei Zhu
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 13
IS - 4
SP - 311
EP - 322
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1100197


Abstract: 
Understanding the pattern of phytoplankton and their dependence on water quality variables, can help the management of eutrophic lakes. The aim of this study was to determine water quality and environmental factors associated with cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in Qingshan Lake, a subtropical lake located in the headwater of the taihu watershed, China. Water samples collected monthly from 10 study sites in Qingshan Lake were analyzed for the species distributions of freshwater algae and physico-chemical parameters including total nitrogen (TN), ammonia (NH4+-N), nitrate (NO3-N), total phosphorus (TP), and chlorophyll a (Chl-a) from June, 2008 to May, 2009. Qingshan Lake was found to be eutrophic, based on the calculated trophic state index (TSI). The average TN of 4.33 mg/L during the study period exceeded the Surface water quality Standards of China. TP was significantly correlated with relative abundance of cyanobacteria and Microcystis biovolume, indicating its important role in regulating cyanobacteria. Microcystis, Anabaena, and Oscillatoria were dominant cyanobacteria in Qingshan Lake from June to November, 2008. cyanobacteria dominance was regulated by water temperature and TP. Principal component analysis further indicated that microcystin production was most affected by water temperature, TP, and cyanobacteria biomass. Results suggest that the control of TP in summer can mitigate cyanobacteria dominance and microcystin production in Qingshan Lake, and close monitoring should be undertaken in summer.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]APHA, 1992. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 18th Ed. American Public Health Association, Washington DC, USA.

[2]Carlson, R.E., 1977. A trophic state index for lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 22:361-369.

[3]Carmichael, W.W., Azevedo, S.M.F.O., An, J.S., Molica, R.J.R., Jochimsen, E.M., Lau, S., Rinehart, K.L., Shaw, G.R., Eaglesham, G.K., 2001. Human fatalities from cyanobacteria: chemical and biological evidence for cyanotoxins. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(7):663-668.

[4]Chen, N.W., Hong, H.S., Zhang, L.P., 2008. Wet deposition of atmospheric nitrogen in Jiulong River watershed. Environmental Science, 29:38-46 (in Chinese).

[5]Chen, W., Peng, L., Wan, N., Song, L.R., 2009. Mechanism study on the frequent variations of cell-bound microcystins in cyanobacterial blooms in Taihu Lake: Implications for water quality monitoring and assessments. Chemosphere, 77(11):1585-1593.

[6]Chen, Y.W., Qin, B.Q., Teubner, K., Dokulil, M.T., 2003. Long-term dynamics of phytoplankton assemblages: Microcystis-domination in Lake Taihu, a large shallow lake in China. Journal of Plankton Research, 25(4):445-453.

[7]Dai, G.Z., Deblois, C.P., Liu, S.W., Juneau, P., Qiu, B.S., 2008. Differential sensitivity of five cyanobacterial strains to ammonium toxicity and its inhibitory mechanism on the photosynthesis of rice-field cyanobacterium Ge-Xian Mi (Nostoc). Aquatic Toxicology, 89(2):113-121.

[8]Dentener, F., Stevenson, D., Ellingsen, K., Van Noije, T., Schultz, M., Amann, M., Atherton, C., Bell, N., Bergmann, D., Bey, I., et al., 2006. The global atmospheric environment for the next generation. Environmental Science & Technology, 40(11):3586-3594.

[9]Downing, T.G., Sember, C.S., Gehringer, M.M., Leukes, W., 2005. Medium N:P ratios and specific growth rate comodulate microcystin and protein content in Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806 and M. aeruginosa UV027. Microbial Ecology, 49(3):468-473.

[10]El Herry, S., Fathalli, A., Rejeb, A.J.B., Bouaicha, N., 2008. Seasonal occurrence and toxicity of Microcystis spp. and Oscillatoria tenuis in the Lebna Dam, Tunisia. Water Research, 42(4-5):1263-1273.

[11]Fallon, R.D., Thomas, D.B., 1981. Over-wintering of Microcystis in Lake Mendota. Freshwater Biology, 11(3):217-226.

[12]Graham, J.L., Jones, J.R., Jones, S.B., Downing, J.A., Clevenger, T.E., 2004. Environmental factors influencing microcystin distribution and concentration in the Midwestern United States. Water Research, 38(20):4395-4404.

[13]GB 11893-89. Water Quality—Determination of Total Phosphorus—Ammonium Molybdate Spectrophotometric Method. Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[14]GB 11894-89. Water Quality—Determination of Total Nitrogen—Alkaline Potassium Persulfate Digestion-UV Spectrophotometric Method. Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[15]GB 3838-2002. Environmental Quality Standard for Surface Water. Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China (in Chinese).

[16]Havens, K.E., James, R.T., East, T.L., Smith, V.H., 2003. N:P ratios, light limitation, and cyanobacterial dominance in a subtropical lake impacted by non-point source nutrient pollution. Environmental Pollution, 122(3):379-390.

[17]Hu, H.J., Wei, Y.X., 2006. The Freshwater Algae of China: Systematic, Taxonomy and Ecology. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).

[18]Jacoby, J.M., Collier, D.C., Welch, E.B., Hardy, F.J., Crayton, M., 2000. Environmental factors associated with a toxic bloom of Microcystis aeruginosa. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 57(1):231-240.

[19]James, R.T., Havens, K., Zhu, G.W., Qin, B.Q., 2009. Comparative analysis of nutrients, chlorophyll and transparency in two large shallow lakes (Lake Taihu, P. R. China and Lake Okeechobee, USA). Hydrobiologia, 627(1):211-231.

[20]Jiang, Y., Ji, B., Wong, R.N.S., Wong, M.H., 2008. Statistical study on the effects of environmental factors on the growth and microcystins production of bloom-forming cyanobacterium—Microcystis aeruginosa. Harmful Algae, 7(2):127-136.

[21]Jespersen, A.M., Christoffersen, K., 1987. Measurements of chlorophyll-a from phytoplankton using ethanol as extraction solvent. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 109(3):445-454.

[22]Ke, Z.X., Xie, P., Guo, L.G., Liu, Y.Q., Yang, H., 2007. In situ study on the control of toxic Microcystis blooms using phytoplanktivorous fish in the subtropical Lake Taihu of China: A large fish pen experiment. Aquaculture, 265(1-4):127-138.

[23]Ke, Z.X., Xie, P., Guo, L.G., 2008. Controlling factors of spring-summer phytoplankton succession in Lake Taihu (Meiliang Bay, China). Hydrobiologia, 607(1):41-49.

[24]Kotak, B.G., Lam, A.K.Y., Prepas, E.E., Kenefick, S.K., Hrudey, S.E., 1995. Variability of the hepatotoxin microcystin-LR in hypereutrophic drinking water lakes. Journal of Phycology, 31(2):248-263.

[25]Kotak, B.G., Lam, A.K.Y., Prepas, E.E., Hrudey, S.E., 2000. Role of chemical and physical variables in regulating microcystin-LR concentration in phytoplankton of eutrophic lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 57(8):1584-1593.

[26]Lambert, S.J., Davy, A.J., 2011. Water quality as a threat to aquatic plants: discriminating between the effects of nitrate, phosphate, boron and heavy metals on charophytes. New Phytologist, 189(4):1051-1059.

[27]Lehman, E.M., 2007. Seasonal occurrence and toxicity of Microcystis in impoundments of the Huron River, Michigan, USA. Water Research, 41(4):795-802.

[28]Lehman, E.M., McDonald, K.E., Lehman, J.T., 2009. Whole lake selective withdrawal experiment to control harmful cyanobacteria in an urban impoundment. Water Research, 43(5):1187-1198.

[29]Liu, Y.M., Chen, W., Li, D.H., Shen, Y.W., Li, G.B., Liu, Y.D., 2006. First report of aphantoxins in China—water blooms of toxigenic Aphanizomenon flos-aquae in Lake Dianchi. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 65(1):84-92.

[30]Mankiewicz-Boczek, J., Izydorczyk, K., Romanowska-Duda, Z., Jurczak, T., Stefaniak, K., Kokocinski, M., 2006. Detection and monitoring toxigenicity of cyanobacteria by application of molecular methods. Environmental Toxicology, 21(4):380-387.

[31]Oh, H.M., Lee, S.J., Jang, M.H., Yoon, B.D., 2000. Microcystin production by Microcystis aeruginosa in a phosphorus-limited chemostat. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 66(1):176-179.

[32]Oliver, R.L., Ganf, G.G., 2000. Freshwater Blooms. In: Whitton, B.A., Potts, M. (Eds.), the Ecology of Cyanobacteria: Their Diversity in Time and Space. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, p.149-194.

[33]Paerl, H.W., 1988. Nuisance phytoplankton blooms in coastal, estuarine, and inland waters. Limnology and Oceanography, 33(4):823-847.

[34]Sivonen, K., Jones, G.J., 1999. Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water: A Guide to Their Public Health Consequences, Monitoring and Management. Spoon, London, p.41-111.

[35]Skip, H.M., Zhao, D.W., Xiong, J.L., Zhao, D.W., Larssen, T., Bohan, L., Vogt, R.D., 1995. Acidic deposition and its effects in southwestern China. Water Air and Soil Pollution, 85(4):2301-2306.

[36]Smith, V.H., 1983. Low nitrogen to phosphorus ratios favor dominance by blue-green algae in lake phytoplankton. Science, 221(4611):669-671.

[37]Sondergaard, M., Kristensen, P., Jeppesen, E., 1992. Phosphorus release from resuspended sediment in the shallow and wind-exposed Lake Arreso, Denmark. Hydrobiologia, 228(1):91-99.

[38]Sun, J., Liu, D.Y., 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton. Journal of Plankton Research, 25(11):1331-1346.

[39]Vareli, K., Briasoulis, E., Pilidis, G., Sainis, I., 2009. Molecular confirmation of Planktothrix rubescens as the cause of intense microcystins—Synthesizing cyanobacterial bloom in Lake Ziros, Greece. Harmful Algae, 8(3):447-453.

[40]Vasconcelos, V.M., Pereira, E., 2001. Cyanobacteria diversity and toxicity in a wastewater treatment plant (Portugal). Water Research, 35(5):1354-1357.

[41]Vezie, C., Brient, L., Sivonen, K., Bertru, G., Lefeuvre, J.C., Salkinoja-Sakonen, M., 1998. Variation of microcystin content of cyanobacterial blooms and isolated strains in Lake Grand-Lieu (France). Microbial Ecology, 35(2):126-135.

[42]Vezie, C., Rapala, J., Vaitomaa, J., Seitsonen, J., Sivonen, K., 2002. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth of toxic and nontoxic Microcystis strains and on intracellular microcystin concentrations. Microbial Ecology, 43(4):443-454.

[43]Vitousek, P.M., Aber, J.D., Howarth, R.W., Likens, G.E., Matson, P.A., Schindler, D.W., Schlesinger, W.H., Tilman, G.D., 1997. Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: sources and consequences. Ecological Applications, 7(3):737-750.

[44]Wang, X.J., Zhang, W., Huang, Y.N., Li, S.J., 2004. Modeling and simulation of point-non-point source effluent trading in Taihu Lake area: perspective of non-point sources control in China. Science of the Total Environment, 325(1-3):39-50.

[45]Watanabe, M.F., Watanabe, M., Kato, T., Harada, K., Suzuki, M., 1991. Composition of cyclic peptide toxins among strains of Microcystis aeruginosa (blue–green algae, cyanobacteria). The Botanical Magazine-Tokyo, 104(1):49-57.

[46]WHO, 1998. Guidelines for Safe Recreational Water Environments: Coastal and Freshwaters. World Health Organization, Geneva.

[47]Wu, X.D., Kong, F.X., Zhang, X.F., Zeng, Q.F., Ji, J., Qian, S.Q., 2008. Comparison of overwintering and recruitment of cyanobacteria in Taihu Lake and Chaohu Lake. Environmental Science, 29:1313-1318 (in Chinese).

[48]Xie, L.Q., Xie, P., Tang, H.J., 2003. Enhancement of dissolved phosphorus release from sediment to lake water by Microcystis blooms—an enclosure experiment in a hyper-eutrophic, subtropical Chinese lake. Environmental Pollution, 122(3):391-399.

[49]Ye, W.J., Liu, X.L., Tan, J., Li, D.T., Yang, H., 2009. Diversity and dynamics of microcystin-producing cyanobacteria in China’s third largest lake, Lake Taihu. Harmful Algae, 8(5):637-644.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE