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On-line Access: 2018-04-04

Received: 2017-02-22

Revision Accepted: 2017-07-28

Crosschecked: 2018-03-07

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Yu-chao Li


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2018 Vol.19 No.4 P.277-288


Non-monotonic piezocone dissipation curves of backfills in a soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoff wall

Author(s):  Yu-chao Li, Xing Tong, Yun Chen, Han Ke, Yun-min Chen, Yi-duo Wen, Qian Pan

Affiliation(s):  MOE Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   chenyunmin@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Piezocone, Dissipation test, Soil-bentonite cutoff wall, Coefficient of consolidation, Hydraulic conductivity

Yu-chao Li, Xing Tong, Yun Chen, Han Ke, Yun-min Chen, Yi-duo Wen, Qian Pan. Non-monotonic piezocone dissipation curves of backfills in a soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoff wall[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2018, 19(4): 277-288.

@article{title="Non-monotonic piezocone dissipation curves of backfills in a soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoff wall",
author="Yu-chao Li, Xing Tong, Yun Chen, Han Ke, Yun-min Chen, Yi-duo Wen, Qian Pan",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Non-monotonic piezocone dissipation curves of backfills in a soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoff wall
%A Yu-chao Li
%A Xing Tong
%A Yun Chen
%A Han Ke
%A Yun-min Chen
%A Yi-duo Wen
%A Qian Pan
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 19
%N 4
%P 277-288
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2018
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1700097

T1 - Non-monotonic piezocone dissipation curves of backfills in a soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoff wall
A1 - Yu-chao Li
A1 - Xing Tong
A1 - Yun Chen
A1 - Han Ke
A1 - Yun-min Chen
A1 - Yi-duo Wen
A1 - Qian Pan
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 19
IS - 4
SP - 277
EP - 288
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2018
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1700097

Pore pressure dissipation during piezocone testing provides a unique tool for estimating the hydraulic properties of in-situ backfills in soil-bentonite (SB) slurry trench cutoff walls. Six tests were performed in an SB slurry trench cutoff wall located in Jiangsu Province, China. The pore pressure dissipation curves obtained are non-monotonic, which, as far as the authors are aware, is reported for the first time in SB cutoff walls. The non-monotonic dissipation curves are attributed to the redistribution of excess pore pressures between the base soil clods and the rest of the backfill around the cone. Four existing interpretation methods are adopted to analyze the measured non-monotonic piezocone dissipation curves. The horizontal coefficients of consolidation (ch) of the backfills obtained by three methods are close to each other and in agreement with the results of fixed-ring consolidometer tests, while the other method gives a high overestimate. The hydraulic conductivities (kh) of the backfills are also estimated by four methods, three based on dissipation test results and one based on piezocone penetration data. kh estimated by consolidation theory are close to the results of flexible wall permeameter tests. Two empirical expressions for dissipation tests give relatively low kh, but the method based on penetration gives kh much larger than the laboratory test results.

This paper investigated the behavior of dissipation of pore water dissipation from piezocone test on backfills in a soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoff wall. The content of this manuscript is original and has the value to scientific study, which are interesting to researchers as well.


创新点:1. 首次在土-膨润土隔离墙中测得非单调的孔压消散曲线;2. 本文认为在土-膨润土隔离墙中测得非单调孔压消散曲线是由于探头贯入过程中在填料及其包裹的土块中产生的超孔压不一致引起的,并且由于填料的低渗透性,孔压上升的时间较长;3. 比较不同方法的分析结果,并推荐结果与实测相近的计算方法作为工程应用.
方法:1. 通过室内一维固结试验和柔性壁渗透试验,分别获得墙体材料的固结系数和渗透系数;2. 通过现场土-膨润土隔离墙的孔压静力触探试验与孔压消散试验,获得相应的力学参数与孔压消散曲线; 3. 分别采用不同方法对墙体材料的固结系数和渗透系数进行计算,并将计算结果与室内试验结果进行比较.
结论:1. 填料的非均质性导致探头贯入过程中产生的超孔压存在重分布,这使得土-膨润土隔离墙中产生了非单调孔压消散曲线,并且由于填料的低渗透性,测得孔压上升的时间较长;2. 四种计算固结系数的方法中,有三种结果与室内一维固结试验结果相近,另一种结果则明显偏大;3. 四种计算渗透系数的方法中,基于太沙基固结理论的关系式得到的结果与室内柔壁渗透试验结果相近,另两种经验公式得到的结果偏小,而基于探头贯入数据计算的渗透系数则偏大.


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