Full Text:   <851>

Summary:  <334>

CLC number: 

On-line Access: 2022-08-22

Received: 2021-11-16

Revision Accepted: 2022-05-10

Crosschecked: 2022-08-30

Cited: 0

Clicked: 900

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Xiao-wu TANG


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2022 Vol.23 No.8 P.639-651


Experimental study of the bearing capacity of a drainage pipe pile under vacuum consolidation

Author(s):  Xiao-wu TANG, Wei-kang LIN, Yuan ZOU, Jia-xin LIANG, Wen-fang ZHAO

Affiliation(s):  Research Center of Coastal and Urban Geotechnical Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   tangxiaowu@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Drainage pipe pile, Soft soil, Consolidation, Bearing capacity, Foundation treatment

Xiao-wu TANG, Wei-kang LIN, Yuan ZOU, Jia-xin LIANG, Wen-fang ZHAO. Experimental study of the bearing capacity of a drainage pipe pile under vacuum consolidation[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2022, 23(8): 639-651.

@article{title="Experimental study of the bearing capacity of a drainage pipe pile under vacuum consolidation",
author="Xiao-wu TANG, Wei-kang LIN, Yuan ZOU, Jia-xin LIANG, Wen-fang ZHAO",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Experimental study of the bearing capacity of a drainage pipe pile under vacuum consolidation
%A Xiao-wu TANG
%A Wei-kang LIN
%A Yuan ZOU
%A Jia-xin LIANG
%A Wen-fang ZHAO
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 23
%N 8
%P 639-651
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2022
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A2100585

T1 - Experimental study of the bearing capacity of a drainage pipe pile under vacuum consolidation
A1 - Xiao-wu TANG
A1 - Wei-kang LIN
A1 - Yuan ZOU
A1 - Jia-xin LIANG
A1 - Wen-fang ZHAO
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 23
IS - 8
SP - 639
EP - 651
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2022
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A2100585

In this study, we propose a drainage pipe pile under vacuum consolidation to integrate foundation treatment and pile foundation engineering in soft soil areas. To study its bearing capacity characteristics and foundation treatment performance, single pile static load tests, vane shear tests, and water content tests were carried out for ordinary piles, perforated piles, and drainage pipe piles under conditions of static and vacuum consolidation. Based on the results, the concept of strong and weak reinforcement areas was proposed and used for bearing capacity prediction. The results showed that the drainage pipe pile did not become silted under vacuum consolidation. The single pile bearing capacity was much higher than that of an ordinary pile, and the pile side friction was exerted mainly in the middle and lower parts. Good results were achieved using the shear strength at the junction of the strong and weak reinforcement areas to estimate the ultimate bearing capacity of a single pile. This study provided important insights into the design and construction of drainage pipe piles in a soft soil foundation.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]BergadoDT, BalasubramaniamAS, FanninRJ, et al., 2002. Prefabricated vertical drains (PVDs) in soft Bangkok clay: a case study of the new Bangkok International Airport project. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 39(2):304-315.

[2]BianXC, FuL, ZhaoC, et al., 2021. Pile foundation of high-speed railway undergoing repeated groundwater reductions. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 22(4):277-295.

[3]CarterJP, BookerJR, YeungSK, 1986. Cavity expansion in cohesive frictional soils. Géotechnique, 36(3):349-358.

[4]CuiXZ, ZhangJ, ChenD, et al., 2018. Clogging of pervious concrete pile caused by soil piping: an approximate experimental study. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 55(7):999-1015.

[5]GuiMW, BoltonMD, GarnierJ, et al., 1998. Guidelines for cone penetration tests in sand. Centrifuge 98: International Conference, p.155-160.

[6]HuangY, WangJ, MeiGX, 2016. Model experimental study of accelerating dissipation of excess pore water pressure in soil around a permeable pipe pile. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 37(10):2893-2898 (in Chinese).

[7]HuntCE, PestanaJM, BrayJD, et al., 2002. Effect of pile driving on static and dynamic properties of soft clay. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 128(1):13-24.

[8]IaiS, 1989. Similitude for shaking table tests on soil-structure-fluid model in 1g gravitational field. Soils and Foundations, 29(1):105-118.

[9]IndraratnaB, SathananthanI, RujikiatkamjornC, et al., 2005. Analytical and numerical modeling of soft soil stabilized by prefabricated vertical drains incorporating vacuum preloading. International Journal of Geomechanics, 5(2):114-124.

[10]JesmaniM, KasraniaA, KamalzareM, et al., 2015. Undrained vertical bearing capacity of pile located near soft clay slope. Journal of Engineering Research, 3(3):21-38.

[11]KimJ, YunSK, KangMS, et al., 2021. Behavior characteristics of single batter pile under vertical load. Applied Sciences, 11(10):4432.

[12]LiCX, XiaoJY, WuWB, et al., 2020. Analysis of 1D large strain consolidation of structured marine soft clays. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 21(1):29-43.

[13]LiuHL, ChenYM, ZhaoN, 2008. Development technology of rigidity-drain pile and numerical analysis of its anti-liquefaction characteristics. Journal of Central South University of Technology, 15:101-107.

[14]MesriG, 2021. Discussion of “field study of pile-prefabricated vertical drain (PVD) interaction in soft clay”. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 58(5):747.

[15]MOC (Ministry of Construction of the People’s Republic of China), 2008. Technical Code for Building Pile Foundations, JGJ 94-2008. National Standards of the People’s Republic of China(in Chinese).

[16]NgCWW, ShiC, GunawanA, et al., 2015. Centrifuge modelling of heating effects on energy pile performance in saturated sand. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 52(8):1045-1057.

[17]NiPP, MangalathuS, MeiGX, et al., 2017a. Compressive and flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete permeable piles. Engineering Structures, 147:316-327.

[18]NiPP, MangalathuS, MeiGX, et al., 2017b. Permeable piles: an alternative to improve the performance of driven piles. Computers and Geotechnics, 84:78-87.

[19]NiPP, MangalathuS, MeiGX, et al., 2018. Laboratory investigation of pore pressure dissipation in clay around permeable piles. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 55(9):1257-1267.

[20]PestanaJM, HuntCE, BrayJD, 2002. Soil deformation and excess pore pressure field around a closed-ended pile. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 128(1):1-12.

[21]RandolphMF, CarterJP, WrothCP, 1979. Driven piles in clay—the effects of installation and subsequent consolidation. Géotechnique, 29(4):361-393.

[22]SeedHB, ReeseLC, 1957. The action of soft clay along friction piles. Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 122(1):731-754.

[23]SuleimanMT, NiLS, RaichA, 2014. Development of pervious concrete pile ground-improvement alternative and behavior under vertical loading. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 140(7):04014035.

[24]SunHY, WangJ, WangDF, et al., 2020. Optimal design of prefabricated vertical drain-improved soft ground considering uncertainties of soil parameters. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 21(1):15-28.

[25]TangMX, HuHS, LiuCL, et al., 2020. Comparative experiments on bearing behavior of different types of pipe piles in sand. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 41(S2):1-9 (in Chinese).

[26]TangXW, YuY, ZhouLP, et al., 2015. A Prefabricated Pipe Pile with Drainage and Enlarged Friction Resistance and Its Construction Method. CN Patent 104846809A(in Chinese).

[27]TangXW, YangXQ, YuY, 2019a. Analytical solutions to drained consolidation of porous pipe pile. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 40(4):1248-1254 (in Chinese).

[28]TangXW, LiuJN, YangXQ, et al., 2019b. Theoretical study of dynamic pore water pressure dissipation characteristics of open-hole pipe pile. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 40(9):3335-3343 (in Chinese).

[29]WangXY, 2019. Field test investigation of the pile jacking performance for prefabricated square rigid-drainage piles in saturated silt sandy soils. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2019:4587929.

[30]WoodDM, 2004. Geotechnical Modelling. Spon Press, London, UK.

[31]WuYK, FangL, LiXW, et al., 2006. Technical discussion on tube pile combined with prefabricated strip drain to soft soil treatment. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 25(S2):3572-3576 (in Chinese).

[32]ZhouXP, MeiGX, 2014. Finite element simulation of permeable pipe pile driving considering consolidation process. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 35(S2):676-682 (in Chinese).

[33]ZhuDL, IndraratnaB, PoulosH, et al., 2021. Field study of pile-prefabricated vertical drain (PVD) interaction in soft clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 58(5):748.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE