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Yuan ZHU

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2014 Vol.15 No.12 P.1088-1092

10.1631/jzus.B14a0331


China’s postgraduate education practices and its academic impact on publishing: is it proportional?


Author(s):  Yuan Zhu1, Chun-jie Zhang2, Cheng-liang Hu1

Affiliation(s):  1. Graduate School, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yuan_zhu@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  No Keyword


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Yuan Zhu, Chun-jie Zhang, Cheng-liang Hu. China’s postgraduate education practices and its academic impact on publishing: is it proportional?[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2014, 15(12): 1088-1092.

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Abstract: 
Though postgraduate education started before the founding of new China in 1949, it was not until the implementation of the policy reform and the opening-up in 1978 that China’s postgraduate productivity began to take off. Since the introduction of Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Academic Degrees in 1981, the number of graduate students enrolled each year has increased 50 times since 1978. China is now the second largest producer of publications indexed by the database of Science Citation Index (SCI) (Web of Science™, Thomson Reuters), which reflects great strides being made in the postgraduate education. In this paper, we discuss the relationship between the increasingly high enrollments of graduate students and the quantity (the number) and quality (the academic impact and the originality) of their publications, to see whether there is a correlation.

中国研究生培养:论文发表与学术影响力成正比吗?

中国研究生教育在1978年改革开放之后,规模迅速扩展,目前已居世界前列。在研究生培养成果必须以在高端杂志发表论文来体现的政策下,SCI收录我国发表科研论文的数量也同步达到了世界第二。虽然SCI收录我国发表论文的总被引用次数上升较快,但是单篇均被引用次数的上升却稍显缓慢,从单篇均被引用次数的排名反而呈下降的趋势。由此造成一些国外学者对我国的学术影响力、创新抱有怀疑态度。因此,在如此规模的研究生培养状况下,研究生论文发表的情况以及与学术影响力、创新等是否成正比是目前急需归纳总结的。改变对论文数量的追求,调整为对质量的要求也必定成为当前乃至今后研究生培养政策的调整方向。
中国研究生;教育;培养;论文发表;学术影响力

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